Earl Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis.

Earl Cornwallis was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1753 for Charles Cornwallis, 5th Baron Cornwallis. The second Earl was created Marquess Cornwallis but this title became extinct in 1823, while the earldom and its subsidiary titles became extinct in 1852 (the barony was recreated in the 20th century). The Cornwallis family descended from Frederick Cornwallis, who represented Eye and Ipswich in the House of Commons. He was created a Baronet in the Baronetage of England in 1627 and Baron Cornwallis, of Eye in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of England in 1661. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Eye. On his death the titles passed to his son, the third Baron. He notably served as First Lord of the Admiralty. His son, the fourth Baron, was Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk and Postmaster General.

He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron. In 1753 he was created Viscount Brome, in the County of Suffolk, and Earl Cornwallis in the Peerage of Great Britain. His son, the second Earl, was a noted military commander, best known as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. He subsequently served as Commander-in-Chief of India. In 1792 he was created Marquess Cornwallis in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his son, the second Marquess. He represented Eye and Suffolk in Parliament. Lord Cornwallis had four daughters but no sons and the marquessate became extinct on his death in 1823. He was succeeded in the other titles by his uncle, the fourth Earl. He was Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry from 1781 to 1824. He married Catherine, daughter of Galfridus Mann of Boughton Malherbe in Kent. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for Eye. In 1814 Lord Cornwallis assumed by Royal license his maternal grandfather's surname of Mann in lieu of his patronymic. He had no surviving male issue and the earldom, viscountcy, barony and baronetcy became extinct on his death in 1852. His daughter Lady Jemima Isabella married Charles Wykeham-Martin. Their son Fiennes Wykeham-Martin assumed by Royal license the surname of Cornwallis in lieu of his patronymic in 1859. In 1927 the Cornwallis title was revived when his son Fiennes Cornwallis was raised to the peerage as Baron Cornwallis.

Several other members of the Cornwallis family also gained distinction. The Hon. Edward Cornwallis, sixth son of the fourth Baron, was a soldier and is known as "the founder of Halifax". His younger twin brother, the Right Reverend the Hon. Frederick Cornwallis, was Archbishop of Canterbury. The Hon. William Cornwallis, younger son of the first Earl and younger brother of the first Marquess, was an Admiral in the Royal Navy.


Barons Cornwallis (1661)

Earls Cornwallis (1753)

Marquesses Cornwallis (1792)

Earls Cornwallis (1753; Reverted)

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis — The Right Honourable The Earl Cornwallis PC Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets and Constable of the Tower of London In office 1740–1762 Monarch George II George III …   Wikipedia

  • James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis — (25 February 1743 ndash;20 January 1824) was a British clergyman and peer.Cornwallis was the third son of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis and his wife, Elizabeth. He was Rector of Ickham from 1769 73, of Addisham with Staple from 1770 81 …   Wikipedia

  • Earl De La Warr — (pronounced De La Warr ) [1] is a title created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1761. In the United States, Thomas West, 3rd (or 12th) baron is often named in history books simply as Lord Delaware. He served as governor of the Jamestown Colony …   Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis in North America — Surrender of Lord Cornwallis by John Trumbull Charles, Earl Cornwall …   Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis in India — General Lord Cornwallis receiving Tipoo Sultan s sons as hostages, by Robert Home, c. 1793 British General Charles Cornwallis, the 2nd Earl Cornwallis, was appointed in February 1786 to serve as both Commander in Chief of British India and… …   Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis — ist der Name einer britischen Adelsfamilie, siehe Earl Cornwallis, bekannte Mitglieder der Familie waren: Charles Cornwallis, 1. Marquess Cornwallis (1738–1805), britischer General und Vizekönig von Indien Fiennes Cornwallis, 3. Baron Cornwallis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis Code — The Cornwallis Code is a body of legislation enacted in 1793 by the East India Company to improve the governance of its territories in India. The Code was developed under the guidance of Charles, Earl Cornwallis, who served as Governor General of …   Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis,Charles — Corn·wal·lis (kôrn wŏlʹĭs, wôʹlĭs), Charles. First Marquis and Second Earl Cornwallis. 1738 1805. British military and political leader who commanded forces in North Carolina during the American Revolution. His surrender at Yorktown in 1781… …   Universalium

  • Earl of St Germans — Earl of St Germans, in the County of Cornwall is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for John Eliot, 2nd Baron Eliot, with remainder to his younger brother the Hon. William Eliot and the heirs male of his body. He …   Wikipedia

  • Cornwallis Maude, 3rd Viscount Hawarden — (28 March 1780 – 12 October 1856) was a British Conservative politician. Hawarden was the son of Cornwallis Maude, 1st Viscount Hawarden, by his second wife Anne Isabella (née Monck), and succeeded his half brother in the viscountcy in 1807. In… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.