Basic metabolic panel
Basic metabolic panel Diagnostics LOINC 24320-4, 24321-2, 51990-0
A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a set of seven or eight blood chemical tests. It is one of the most common lab tests ordered by health care providers. It provides key information that has a variety of applications in guiding the medical management of a patient. For example, values can be used to assess and monitor a patient's fluid and electrolyte status, kidney function, blood sugar levels, and response to various medications and other medical therapies. It is also frequently employed as a screening tool to look for problems that might need to be addressed, as many disease processes can cause a derangement in the blood serum levels of basic metabolites.
The version with seven tests is often referred to by medical professionals in USA as the "CHEM-7", or "SMA-7" (Sequential Multiple Analysis-7). The seven parts of a CHEM-7 are tests for:
- Four electrolytes:
Calcium (Ca2+) is often considered part of the BMP, though, by definition, it is not part of the CHEM-7. A basic metabolic panel including calcium is sometimes colloquially referred to as a "CHEM-8".
These lab values are often listed in a standard grid:
Na+ Cl− BUN K+ CO2 creatinine
The Chem-7 is drawn in a green topped vacuum tube and sent to chemistry
- ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia 003462
- ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia 003481
- ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia 003484
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- ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia 003482
- ^ "BASIC METABOLIC PANEL, SERUM". http://www.utmb.edu/lsg/LabSurvivalGuide/chem/bmp.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-26. [dead link]
- ^ "Basic Metabolic Panel-Topic Overview". http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/Basic-Metabolic-Panel-Topic-Overview. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
Medical test: Serology, reference range: Clinical biochemistry blood tests (including BMP, CMP) (CPT 82000-84999) Fluid/electrolytes Acid-base Nutrition Endocrine Metabolic Cardiovascular Digestive
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