Zlatoust ( _ru. Златоу́ст) is a city in
Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, situated on the Ay River(the Kama basin) 160 km west of Chelyabinsk, at coord|55|11|N|59|38|E|. The city's name is derived from the Russian translation of Chrysostom, because it was founded near a church dedicated to that saint. Population: 190,300 (2006); 194,551 (2002 Census); 199,000 (2001 [http://www.zlatoust.info/town.phtml est.] ); 181,000 (1971); 161,000 (1959); 99,000 (1939); 48,000 (1926); 21,000 (1910).
Zlatoust was founded in 1754 due to construction of the
ironworks. In 1774–1776, the workers of the plant took part in the insurrectionled by Yemelyan Pugachev. In the early 19th century, Pavel Anosovmade the first Russian bulat steelblades in Zlatoust. The town is also known for the first cannons made of Russian steel. In 1903, the tsarist authorities brutally suppressed a strike, organized by the workers of Zlatoust.
In the beginning of the 19th century, an arms factory was constructed there which began to produce
sabres and swords. Famous artists Ivan Bushuyev and Ivan Boyarshinov left us unique patterns of cold-steel decorated with engravings. Flying winged horse was a favorite element of many of Bushuyev's engravings, so he was given a nickname Ivan the Wingy (Ivanko Krylatko). Since then, a flying winged horse was an emblem of the town.
During the Soviet period, Zlatoust became an industrial city, which specialized in
metallurgy, mechanical engineering, tool-making, food production, and other industries. Zlatoust is one of the centers of artistic engravingon metal in Russia. Traditionally, such engravings were done on weapons, such as knives and swords; however, during Soviet period the engraving was shifted onto decorative metal plates. Nowadays the weapon engraving is popular again.
Traditionally, Zlatoust, like the rest of the Urals region, has also been famous for its pelmeni.
The Olympic winner in speed-skating
Lidia Skoblikova, and former world chess champion Anatoly Karpovbegan their sporting careers in Zlatoust.
* [http://www.zlatoust.info Official website of Zlatoust] ru icon
* [http://welcome-ural.ru/urals/30/120/ Sights of Zlatoust]
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Look at other dictionaries:
zlatòust — prid. 〈odr. ī〉 ekspr. knjiš. koji divno govori; blagoglagoljiv, krasnorječiv … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
zlatoust — zlatòust prid. <odr. ī> DEFINICIJA ekspr. knjiš. koji divno govori; blagoglagoljiv, krasnorječiv ETIMOLOGIJA zlato + v. usta … Hrvatski jezični portal
Zlatoust — [zlä΄tə o͞ost′] city in SW Asian Russia, in the Ural Mountains, near Chelyabinsk: pop. 206,000 … English World dictionary
Zlatoust — Златоуст Zlatoust Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Zlatoust — Stadt Slatoust Златоуст Flagge Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zlatoust — Zlatooust Zlatooust Златоуст … Wikipédia en Français
Zlatoust — Original name in latin Zlatoust Name in other language Gorad Zlatavust, Slatoust, ZLATOUST, Zlato oest, Zlatooust, Zlatoust, Zlatousta, Zlatoustas, Zlatoutsk, Zatoust, ci la tuo wu si te, jeullatouseuteu, zlatwst, zlatwwst, zuratousuto, Горад… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Zlatoust — /zleuh tu oohst /, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Asia, in the Ural Mountains. 206,000. * * * ▪ Russia city, Chelyabinsk oblast (province), western Russia. It lies on both banks of the Ay River and on the Ufa Chelyabinsk trunk… … Universalium
Zlatoust — geographical name city W Russia in Asia in the S Urals population 208,000 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Zlatoust — ► C. de Rusia, prov. de Chelyabinsk, en los Urales Meridionales; 210 700 h … Enciclopedia Universal