Occitan: "Lanas") is a "département" in southern France.
Landes is one of the original 83 "départements" that were created during the
French Revolutionon March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the provinces of Guyenneand Gascony.
The Nobel Prize winning novelist
François Mauriacset his novels in the Landes.
Landes is part of the current "région" of
Aquitaineand is surrounded by the "départements" of Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques, as well as the Atlantic Oceanon the west. With an area stretching over more than 9000 km², Landes is, after Gironde, the second largest department of the metropolitan French territory.
It is well known for the
Côte d'Argentbeach which is Europe's longest, and attracts many surfers to Mimizanand Hossegoreach year.
In terms of
agriculture, Landes is known for its large pine forests which are the raw material for a timberand resinindustries in the region. The forests were planted in the early nineteenth centuryto prevent erosion of the region's sandy soil by the sea.
Cantons of the Landes department
Communes of the Landes department
Arrondissements of the Landes department
* [http://www.landes.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg40.fr/ Conseil Général website]
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