Infobox Ort in Österreich
Art = Stadtgemeinde
Name = Enns
lat_deg = 48 | lat_min = 13 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 14 | lon_min = 28 | lon_sec = 30
Bundesland = Oberösterreich
Bezirk = Linz-Land
Höhe = 281
Fläche = 33.27
Einwohner = 10888
Stand = 2005-01-01
PLZ = 4470
Vorwahl = 07223
Kfz = LL
Gemeindekennziffer = 41005
NUTS = AT312
Adresse = Hauptplatz 11
Website = [http://www.enns.at www.enns.at]
Website = [http://www.enns.or.at www.enns.or.at]
Bürgermeister = Franz Stefan Karlinger
Gemeinderatanzahl = 37
Gemeinderat = 12
SPÖ, 1 FPÖ, 3 Grüne
Enns is a city in
Upper Austria, located 281 m above sea level on the river Enns, which forms the border to Lower Austria.
Enns was one of the first places in Austria to receive
town privileges. The document conferring the privileges of a cityto the town dating to the year 1212can be visited in the local museum. The landmark of Enns is the city tower, which is 60 m high.
Enns, lying at an elevation of 281 m, extends for 7.5 km from north to south and 8.6 km from West to East. Its total area is 34.3 km², of which 12.8 % are covered with
forest, and 64.1% are used for agriculture.The community can be subdivided into the neighborhoods of Einsiedl, Enghagen, Enghagen am Tabor, Enns, Ental, Erlengraben, Hiesendorf, Kottingrat, Kristein, Kronau, Lorch, Moos, Rabenberg and Volkersdorf.
The first settlements in the area of the mouth of the Enns river to the
Danubedate back to 4000 years ago. Celtssettled the land around 400 BC. The Celtic kingdom of Noricumwas incorporated into the Roman Empirein 15AD and was designated as the Roman provinceof Noricum in 45.
During the second and third centuries, the Roman camp of
Lauriacum, in which up to 6000 soldiers where stationed, was located on the territory of modern Enns. The nearby town received the privileges of a city in 212by Emperor Caracalla. At that time, about 30.000 people lived in Lauriacum.During the persecutions of Christians under the reign of Emperor Diocletian, Saint Floriandied as a martyron Mai 4, 304, when he drowned in the river Enns.
Around 370, an early
Christian basilicawas built on the remains of a temple. Lauriacum was a bishopricuntil 488. The modern basilica of Lorchwas built in 1344on the foundations of the old church.
900, the "Enisiburg" castle was built on the Georgenberg hill, near the modern city center, to serve as a protective fortress against Hungarian invasions. It later developed into the chateau of Ennsegg. The surrounding settlement prospered from the 12th century onwards, when Count Otakar II created a markethere.
1186, the Georgenberg Pactwas signed, which was a contract of heritage between Otakar IV of Styria, who lacked a male heir, and the Babenberg Dukeof AustriaLeopold V. Following the death of Otakar in 1192, Styria, which then was significantly bigger than the name of the contemporary state and reached from Sloveniato Upper Austria, fell to the Babenbergs. Thus, Enns became Austrian.
As Enns was endowed with
city privilegesby Duke Leopold VI in 1212, it is now considered Austria's oldest city.
The landmark of Enns, the City Tower on the Main Square, was erected between
1564and 1568as a belltower, watchtower and clocktower.
[Stadtturm (City Tower): [http://www.fvenns.at/ennsFOTOS/Enns%20Stadtturm%2023.jpg] , [http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.photo.data.image.fw35/fw17589v.jpg] ]
[Enns Basilica: [http://www.kidsnet.at/jpg/enns.h4.jpg] ]
The municipal council consists of 37 members. Since the
2003elections, party representation on the council is as follows:
*21 Social Democrats
*12 Austrian People's Party
*1 Austrian Freedom Party
The current mayor is
Franz Stefan Karlinger, a Social Democrat (SPÖ).
1991, Enns had 10192 inhabitants according to the census. The number grew to 10639 in the census of 2001.
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