Trochilinae

Taxobox
name = Typical hummingbirds


image_width = 250px
image_caption = Male Calliope Hummingbird ("Stellula calliope")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Apodiformes
familia = Trochilidae
subfamilia = Trochilinae
subfamilia_authority = Jardine, 1833
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision =About 100, see list

Trochilinae is a subfamily of the hummingbird family (Trochilidae). Members of the subfamily Trochilinae are sometimes called typical hummingbirds. They typically display iridescent plumage in metallic reds, oranges, greens and/or blues. Strong sexual dimorphism in plumage and size is evident in many species.

Taxonomic list

*Genus "Androdon"
**Tooth-billed Hummingbird, "Androdon aequatorialis"

*Genus "Doryfera"
**Green-fronted Lancebill, "Doryfera ludovicae"
**Blue-fronted Lancebill, "Doryfera johannae"

*Genus "Phaeochroa"
**Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, "Phaeochroa cuvierii"

*Genus "Campylopterus" – sabrewings (12 species)

*Genus "Eupetomena"
**Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, "Eupetomena macrourus"

*Genus "Florisuga"
**White-necked Jacobin, "Florisuga mellivora"
**Black Jacobin, "Florisuga fuscus"

*Genus "Colibri" – violet-ears (4 species)

*Genus "Anthracothorax"
**Green-throated Mango, "Anthracothorax viridigula"
**Green-breasted Mango, "Anthracothorax prevostii"
**Black-throated Mango, "Anthracothorax nigricollis"
**Veraguan Mango, "Anthracothorax veraguensis"
**Antillean Mango, "Anthracothorax dominicus"
**Green Mango, "Anthracothorax viridis"
**Jamaican Mango, "Anthracothorax mango"

*Genus "Avocettula"
**Fiery-tailed Awlbill, "Avocettula recurvirostris"

*Genus "Topaza"
**Crimson Topaz, "Topaza pella"
**Fiery Topaz, "Topaza pyra"

*Genus "Eulampis"
**Purple-throated Carib, "Eulampis jugularis"
**Green-throated Carib, "Eulampis holosericeus"

*Genus "Chrysolampis" – Ruby-topaz Hummingbird

*Genus "Orthorhyncus"
**Antillean Crested Hummingbird, "Orthorhyncus cristatus"

*Genus "Klais"
**Violet-headed Hummingbird, "Klais guimeti"

*Genus "Stephanoxis"
**Plovercrest, "Stephanoxis lalandi"

*Genus "Abeillia"
**Emerald-chinned Hummingbird, "Abeillia abeillei"

*Genus "Lophornis"
**Tufted Coquette, "Lophornis ornatus"
**Dot-eared Coquette, "Lophornis gouldii"
**Frilled Coquette, "Lophornis magnificus"
**Short-crested Coquette, "Lophornis brachylophus"
**Rufous-crested Coquette, "Lophornis delattrei"
**Spangled Coquette, "Lophornis stictolophus"
**Festive Coquette, "Lophornis chalybeus"
**Peacock Coquette, "Lophornis pavoninus"
**Black-crested Coquette, "Lophornis helenae"
**White-crested Coquette, "Lophornis adorabilis"

*Genus "Discosura"
**Wire-crested Thorntail, "Discosura popelairii"
**Black-bellied Thorntail, "Discosura langsdorffi"
**Coppery Thorntail, "Discosura letitiae" (possibly extinct)
**Green Thorntail, "Discosura conversii"
**Racket-tailed Coquette, "Discosura longicauda"

*Genus "Trochilus"
**Green-and-black Streamertail, "Trochilus polytmus"
**Black-billed Streamertail, "Trochilus scitulus"

*Genus "Chlorostilbon"
**Blue-chinned Sapphire, "Chlorostilbon notatus"
**Blue-tailed Emerald, "Chlorostilbon mellisugus"
**Golden-crowned Emerald, "Chlorostilbon auriceps"
**Cozumel Emerald, "Chlorostilbon forficatus"
**Canivet's Emerald, "Chlorostilbon canivetii"
**Garden Emerald, "Chlorostilbon assimilis"
**Glittering-bellied Emerald, "Chlorostilbon aureoventris"
**Chiribiquete Emerald, "Chlorostilbon olivaresi"
**Cuban Emerald, "Chlorostilbon ricordii"
**Brace's Emerald, "Chlorostilbon bracei" (extinct)
**Gould's Emerald, "Chlorostilbon elegans" (extinct)
**Hispaniolan Emerald, "Chlorostilbon swainsonii"
**Puerto Rican Emerald, "Chlorostilbon maugaeus"
**Coppery Emerald, "Chlorostilbon russatus"
**Narrow-tailed Emerald, "Chlorostilbon stenurus"
**Green-tailed Emerald, "Chlorostilbon alice"
**Short-tailed Emerald, "Chlorostilbon poortmani"

*Genus "Basilinna" (recently split from "Hylocharis")
**Xantus's Hummingbird, "Basilinna xantusii"
**White-eared Hummingbird, "Basilinna leucotis"

*Genus "Elvira"
**White-tailed Emerald, "Elvira chionura"
**Coppery-headed Emerald, "Elvira cupreiceps"

*Genus "Eupherusa"
**Blue-capped Hummingbird, "Eupherusa cyanophrys"
**White-tailed Hummingbird, "Eupherusa poliocerca"
**Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, "Eupherusa eximia"
**Black-bellied Hummingbird, "Eupherusa nigriventris"

*Genus "Goethalsia"
**Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird, "Goethalsia bella"

*Genus "Goldmania"
**Violet-capped Hummingbird, "Goldmania violiceps"

*Genus "Cynanthus"
**Dusky Hummingbird, "Cynanthus sordidus"
**Broad-billed Hummingbird, "Cynanthus latirostris"
**Blue-headed Hummingbird, "Cyanophaia bicolor"

*Genus "Thalurania"
**Violet-crowned Woodnymph, "Thalurania colombica"
**Mexican Woodnymph, "Thalurania ridgwayi"
**Green-crowned Woodnymph, "Thalurania fannyi"
**Fork-tailed Woodnymph, "Thalurania furcata"
**Long-tailed Woodnymph, "Thalurania watertonii"
**Violet-capped Woodnymph, "Thalurania glaucopis"

*Genus "Damophila"
**Violet-bellied Hummingbird, "Damophila julie"

*Genus "Lepidopyga"
**Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, "Lepidopyga coeruleogularis"
**Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, "Lepidopyga lilliae"
**Shining-green Hummingbird, "Lepidopyga goudoti"

*Genus "Hylocharis"
**Blue-throated Goldentail, "Hylocharis eliciae"
**Rufous-throated Sapphire, "Hylocharis sapphirina"
**White-chinned Sapphire, "Hylocharis cyanus"
**Gilded Sapphire, "Hylocharis chrysura"
**Blue-headed Sapphire, "Hylocharis grayi"

*Genus "Chrysuronia"
**Golden-tailed Sapphire, "Chrysuronia oenone"

*Genus "Leucochloris"
**White-throated Hummingbird, "Leucochloris albicollis"

*Genus "Polytmus"
**White-tailed Goldenthroat, "Polytmus guainumbi"
**Tepui Goldenthroat, "Polytmus milleri"
**Green-tailed Goldenthroat, "Polytmus theresiae"

*Genus "Leucippus"
**Buffy Hummingbird, "Leucippus fallax"
**Tumbes Hummingbird, "Leucippus baeri"
**Spot-throated Hummingbird, "Leucippus taczanowskii"
**Olive-spotted Hummingbird, "Leucippus chlorocercus"
**White-bellied Hummingbird, "Leucippus chionogaster"
**Green-and-white Hummingbird, "Leucippus viridicauda"
**Many-spotted Hummingbird, "Leucippus hypostictus"

*Genus "Amazilia"
**Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, "Amazilia tzacatl"
**Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, "Amazilia castaneiventris"
**Amazilia Hummingbird, "Amazilia amazilia"
**Loja Hummingbird, "Amazilia alticola"
**Buff-bellied Hummingbird, "Amazilia yucatanensis"
**Cinnamon Hummingbird, "Amazilia rutila"

*Genus "Agyrtria"
**Plain-bellied Emerald, "Agyrtria leucogaster"
**Versicolored Emerald, "Agyrtria versicolor"
**Rondonia Emerald, "Agyrtria rondoniae"
**White-chested Emerald, "Agyrtria brevirostris"
**Andean Emerald, "Agyrtria franciae"
**White-bellied Emerald, "Agyrtria candida"
**Azure-crowned Hummingbird, "Agyrtria cyanocephala"
**Violet-crowned Hummingbird, "Agyrtria violiceps"
**Green-fronted Hummingbird, "Agyrtria viridifrons"

*Genus "Polyerata"
**Sapphire-spangled Emerald, "Polyerata lactea"
**Glittering-throated Emerald, "Polyerata fimbriata"
**Blue-chested Hummingbird, "Polyerata amabilis"
**Charming Hummingbird, "Polyerata decora"
**Purple-chested Hummingbird, "Polyerata rosenbergi"
**Mangrove Hummingbird, "Polyerata boucardi"
**Honduran Emerald, "Polyerata luciae"

*Genus "Saucerottia"
**Steely-vented Hummingbird, "Saucerottia saucerrottei"
**Indigo-capped Hummingbird, "Saucerottia cyanifrons"
**Alfaro's Hummingbird, "Saucerottia alfaroana" (probably extinct)
**Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, "Saucerottia edward"
**Blue-tailed Hummingbird, "Saucerottia cyanura"
**Berylline Hummingbird, "Saucerottia beryllina"
**Green-bellied Hummingbird, "Saucerottia viridigaster"
**Copper-tailed Hummingbird, "Saucerottia cupreicauda"
**Copper-rumped Hummingbird, "Saucerottia tobaci"

*Genus "Panterpe" – Fiery-throated Hummingbird

*Genus "Oreopyra"
**White-bellied Mountain-gem, "Oreopyra hemileucus" (recently split from "Lampornis")

*Genus "Microchera" – Snowcap

*Genus "Anthocephala"
**Blossomcrown, "Anthocephala floriceps"

*Genus "Chalybura"
**White-vented Plumeleteer, "Chalybura buffonii"
**Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, "Chalybura urochrysia"

*Genus "Lampornis" – typical mountain-gems (6-8 species)

*Genus "Phlogophilus"
**Ecuadorian Piedtail, "Phlogophilus hemileucurus"
**Peruvian Piedtail, "Phlogophilus harterti"

*Genus "Adelomyia" – Speckled Hummingbird

*Genus "Clytolaema" – Brazilian Ruby

*Genus "Heliodoxa"
**Gould's Jewelfront, "Heliodoxa aurescens"
**Fawn-breasted Brilliant, "Heliodoxa rubinoides"
**Violet-fronted Brilliant, "Heliodoxa leadbeateri"
**Velvet-browed Brilliant, "Heliodoxa xanthogonys"
**Black-throated Brilliant, "Heliodoxa schreibersii"
**Pink-throated Brilliant, "Heliodoxa gularis"
**Rufous-webbed Brilliant, "Heliodoxa branickii"
**Empress Brilliant, "Heliodoxa imperatrix"
**Green-crowned Brilliant, "Heliodoxa jacula"

*Genus "Lamprolaima"
**Garnet-throated Hummingbird, "Lamprolaima rhami"

*Genus "Eugenes" – Magnificent Hummingbird

*Genus "Hylonympha"
**Scissor-tailed Hummingbird, "Hylonympha macrocerca"

*Genus "Sternoclyta" – Violet-chested Hummingbird

*Genus "Urochroa"
**White-tailed Hillstar, "Urochroa bougueri"

*Genus "Boissonneaua"
**Chestnut-breasted Coronet, "Boissonneaua matthewsii"
**Buff-tailed Coronet, "Boissonneaua flavescens"
**Velvet-purple Coronet, "Boissonneaua jardini"

*Genus "Aglaeactis"
**Shining Sunbeam, "Aglaeactis cupripennis"
**White-tufted Sunbeam, "Aglaeactis castelnaudii"
**Purple-backed Sunbeam, "Aglaeactis aliciae"
**Black-hooded Sunbeam, "Aglaeactis pamela"

*Genus "Oreotrochilus"
**Andean Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus estella"
**Chimborazo Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus chimborazo"
**Green-headed Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus stolzmanni"
**White-sided Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus leucopleurus"
**Black-breasted Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus melanogaster"
**Wedge-tailed Hillstar, "Oreotrochilus adela"

*Genus "Lafresnaya"
**Mountain Velvetbreast, "Lafresnaya lafresnayi"

*Genus "Coeligena"
**Bronzy Inca, "Coeligena coeligena"
**Brown Inca, "Coeligena wilsoni"
**Black Inca, "Coeligena prunellei"
**Gould's Inca, "Coeligena inca"
**Collared Inca, "Coeligena torquata"
**White-tailed Starfrontlet, "Coeligena phalerata"
**Golden Starfrontlet, "Coeligena eos"
**Golden-bellied Starfrontlet, "Coeligena bonapartei"
**Blue-throated Starfrontlet, "Coeligena helianthea"
**Buff-winged Starfrontlet, "Coeligena lutetiae"
**Violet-throated Starfrontlet, "Coeligena violifer"
**Rainbow Starfrontlet, "Coeligena iris"
**Dusky Starfrontlet, "Coeligena orina"

*Genus "Ensifera" – Sword-billed Hummingbird

*Genus "Pterophanes"
**Great Sapphirewing, "Pterophanes cyanopterus"

*Genus "Patagona" – Giant Hummingbird

*Genus "Sephanoides"
**Green-backed Firecrown, "Sephanoides sephaniodes"
**Juan Fernández Firecrown, "Sephanoides fernandensis"
***Alejandro Selkirk Firecrown, "Sephanoides fernandensis leyboldi" – extinct (1908)

*Genus "Heliangelus"
**Longuemare's Sunangel, "Heliangelus clarisse"
**Orange-throated Sunangel, "Heliangelus mavors"
**Amethyst-throated Sunangel, "Heliangelus amethysticollis"
**Gorgeted Sunangel, "Heliangelus strophianus"
**Tourmaline Sunangel, "Heliangelus exortis"
**Little Sunangel, "Heliangelus micrastur"
**Purple-throated Sunangel, "Heliangelus viola"
**Royal Sunangel, "Heliangelus regalis"
**Bogota Sunangel, "Heliangelus zusii" (probably extinct)

*Genus "Eriocnemis" (12 species, possibly one recently extinct)

*Genus "Haplophaedia"
**Greenish Puffleg, "Haplophaedia aureliae"
**Buff-thighed Puffleg, "Haplophaedia assimilis"
**Hoary Puffleg, "Haplophaedia lugens"

*Genus "Urosticte"
**Purple-bibbed Whitetip, "Urosticte benjamini"
**Rufous-vented Whitetip, "Urosticte ruficrissa"

*Genus "Ocreatus" – Booted Racket-tail

*Genus "Lesbia"
**Black-tailed Trainbearer, "Lesbia victoriae"
**Green-tailed Trainbearer, "Lesbia nuna"

*Genus "Sappho" – Red-tailed Comet

*Genus "Polyonymus"
**Bronze-tailed Comet, "Polyonymus caroli"

*Genus "Ramphomicron"
**Purple-backed Thornbill, "Ramphomicron microrhynchum"
**Black-backed Thornbill, "Ramphomicron dorsale"

*Genus "Oreonympha"
**Bearded Mountaineer, "Oreonympha nobilis"

*Genus "Oxypogon"
**Bearded Helmetcrest, "Oxypogon guerinii"

*Genus "Metallura"
**Tyrian Metaltail, "Metallura tyrianthina"
**Perija Metaltail, "Metallura iracunda"
**Scaled Metaltail, "Metallura aeneocauda"
**Fire-throated Metaltail, "Metallura eupogon"
**Coppery Metaltail, "Metallura theresiae"
**Neblina Metaltail, "Metallura odomae"
**Violet-throated Metaltail, "Metallura baroni"
**Viridian Metaltail, "Metallura williami"
**Black Metaltail, "Metallura phoebe"

*Genus "Chalcostigma"
**Rufous-capped Thornbill, "Chalcostigma ruficeps"
**Olivaceous Thornbill, "Chalcostigma olivaceum"
**Blue-mantled Thornbill, "Chalcostigma stanleyi"
**Bronze-tailed Thornbill, "Chalcostigma heteropogon"
**Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, "Chalcostigma herrani"

*Genus "Opisthoprora"
**Mountain Avocetbill, "Opisthoprora euryptera"

*Genus "Taphrolesbia"
**Gray-bellied Comet, "Taphrolesbia griseiventris"

*Genus "Aglaiocercus"
**Long-tailed Sylph, "Aglaiocercus kingi"
**Violet-tailed Sylph, "Aglaiocercus coelestis"
**Venezuelan Sylph, "Aglaiocercus berlepschi"

*Genus "Augastes"
**Hyacinth Visorbearer, "Augastes scutatus"
**Hooded Visorbearer, "Augastes lumachella"

*Genus "Schistes" - sometimes included in "Augastes"
**Wedge-billed Hummingbird, "Schistes geoffroyi"

*Genus "Heliothryx"
**Purple-crowned Fairy, "Heliothryx barroti"
**Black-eared Fairy, "Heliothryx aurita"

*Genus "Heliactin" – Horned Sungem

*Genus "Loddigesia" – Marvelous Spatuletail

*Genus "Heliomaster"
**Plain-capped Starthroat, "Heliomaster constantii"
**Long-billed Starthroat, "Heliomaster longirostris"
**Stripe-breasted Starthroat, "Heliomaster squamosus"
**Blue-tufted Starthroat, "Heliomaster furcifer"

*Genus "Rhodopis"
**Oasis Hummingbird, "Rhodopis vesper"

*Genus "Thaumastura"
**Peruvian Sheartail, "Thaumastura cora"

*Genus "Tilmatura"
**Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird, "Tilmatura dupontii"

*Genus "Doricha"
**Slender Sheartail, "Doricha enicura"
**Mexican Sheartail, "Doricha eliza"

*Genus "Calliphlox" – includes "Philodice"
**Bahama Woodstar, "Calliphlox evelynae"
**Magenta-throated Woodstar, "Calliphlox bryantae"
**Purple-throated Woodstar, "Calliphlox mitchellii"
**Amethyst Woodstar, "Calliphlox amethystina"

*Genus "Microstilbon"
**Slender-tailed Woodstar, "Microstilbon burmeisteri"

*Genus "Calothorax"
**Lucifer Hummingbird, "Calothorax lucifer"
**Beautiful Hummingbird, "Calothorax pulcher"

*Genus "Mellisuga"
**Vervain Hummingbird, "Mellisuga minima"
**Bee Hummingbird, "Mellisuga helenae"

*Genus "Archilochus"
**Ruby-throated Hummingbird, "Archilochus colubris"
**Black-chinned Hummingbird, "Archilochus alexandri"

*Genus "Calypte"
**Anna's Hummingbird, "Calypte anna"
**Costa's Hummingbird, "Calypte costae"

*Genus "Atthis"
**Bumblebee Hummingbird, "Atthis heloisa"
**Wine-throated Hummingbird, "Atthis ellioti"

*Genus "Stellula" – Calliope Hummingbird

*Genus "Myrtis"
**Purple-collared Woodstar, "Myrtis fanny"

*Genus "Eulidia"
**Chilean Woodstar, "Eulidia yarrellii"

*Genus "Myrmia"
**Short-tailed Woodstar, "Myrmia micrura"

*Genus "Chaetocercus" – typical woodstars (6 species, includes "Acestrura")

*Genus "Selasphorus" (6 species)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trochilinae — ? Trochilinae …   Википедия

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