Venture philanthropy (sometimes referred to as "philanthrocapitalism") takes concepts and techniques from
venture capitalfinance and high technology business management and applies them to achieving philanthropic goals.
Venture philanthropy is characterized by:
* Willingness to experiment and try new approaches.
* Focus on measurable results: donors and grantees assess progress based on mutually determined benchmarks.
* Readiness to shift funds between organizations and goals based on tracking those measurable results.
* Giving financial, intellectual, and human capital.
* Funding on a multi-year basis - typically a minimum of 3 years, on average 5-7 years.
* Focus on capacity building, instead of programs or general operating expenses.
* High involvement by donors with their grantees. For example, some donors will take positions on the boards of the non-profits they fund.
There are three models for engaging in venture philanthropy. The first is traditional foundations practicing high-engagement grantmaking. The second is organizations which are funded by individuals, but all engagement is done by professional staff. An example of this type of venture philanthropy is the
Robin Hood Foundationin New York City. The third is the partnership model, in which partner investors both donate the financial capital and engage with the grantees. Most of these are pass-through funds (i.e. they do not have an endowment, but rather grant out all the money they are given annually). An example of this model is the Silicon Valley Social Venture Fundin San Jose, California.
Some other examples of venture philanthropy foundations include
Social Venture Partners, The Children's Investment Fund Foundation(CIFF), NewSchools Venture Fund, Acumen Fund, and New Profit Inc.
* [http://news.com.com/2030-1030_3-5206330.html CNET Article]
* [http://www.kirschfoundation.org/why/venture.html Kirsh Foundation Definition of Venture Philanthropy]
* [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/13556127/ Forbes Article]
* [http://www.svpi.org/news/studies-and-reports/ Report on Social Venture Partners Impact]
* [http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/newsmakers/nwsmkr.jhtml?id=13200025 Article on Paul Shoemaker]
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