Duende (mythology)


Duende (mythology)
Purported "Duende" on Classic Period Maya pottery, Actun Tunichil Muknal cave, Belize

A duende is a fairy- or goblin-like mythological creature from Iberian, Latin American and Filipino folklore. While its nature varies throughout Spain, Portugal, Spanish and Portuguese-speaking America and the Philippines, analogues from other cultures include the Danish-Norwegian Nisse, the French lutin and nain rouge, the Irish clurichaun, leprechaun, and far darrig, the Manx fenodyree and mooinjer veggey, the Scottish/English brownie, the Welsh tylwyth teg, and the Swedish Tomte. The etymology of the word "duende" reinforces the equivalence to the latter (tomte from tomt="home") as it shares the same origin as the Spanish word dueño, "owner" (the "real owner" of the house). As Federico García Lorca uses the term, it seems closer to fairy as a realm of being. Duendes may also have some traits similar to goblins and kobolds.

The word is often considered to be the Spanish equivalent of the English word "sprite" or the Japanese word yokai and is used as an umbrella term for any fairy-like being such as goblins, pixies and elves.

The word is also used in Portuguese folklore, being used to describe Goblins, pixies, brownies and leprechauns. They are believed to be of a small stature wearing big hats, whistling a mystical song, while walking in the forest. Using their talent, they are believed to lure young girls to the forest causing them to lose their way home. Conversely, in some Latin cultures the Duendes are believed to be the helpers of people who get lost in the forest so they could find their way home. In the folklore of the Central American country of Belize, particularly amongst the country's African/Carib-descended Creole and Garifuna populations, Duende are thought of as a forest spirit called "Tata Duende" who lacks thumbs[1]

In Hispanic folklore of Mexico and the American Southwest, duendes are known as gnome like creatures who live inside the walls of homes, especially in the bedroom walls of young children. They attempt to clip the toenails of unkempt children, often leading to the mistaken removal of entire toes.[2] They are also known for taking items from young children. They have also been able to barter with the mother of young children so that they can take the child and have them to eat. They appear at night when children are at play with a ball, and watch the children and later make their appearance and confront the children.

Chamorro people believe in tales of taotaomonas, duendes and other spirits. Duende, according to the Chamorro-English Dictionary by Donald Topping, Pedro Ogo and Bernadita Dungca, is a goblin, elf, ghost or spook in the form of a dwarf, a mischievous spirit which hides or takes small children.[3]

Filipinos also believe in Dwende, which frequently live in rocks and caves, old trees, unvisited and dark parts of houses or in ant hills where they are called nuno sa punso (old man of the mound). They are either categorized as good or evil depending on their color - white or black respectively and often play with children.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Emmons (1997).
  2. ^ See retelling in Garza (2004, pp.2–11).
  3. ^ Guampdn.com, Ghost stories: Taotaomona, duendes and other spirits inhabit Guam

References

  • Emmons, Katherine M. (October 1997). "Perceptions of the Environment while Exploring the Outdoors: a case study in Belize". Environmental Education Research (Ambingdon, Oxfordshire: Carfax Publishing, in conjunction with the University of Bath) 3 (3): 327–344. doi:10.1080/1350462970030306. OCLC 34999650. 
  • Garza, Xavier (2004). Creepy Creatures and other Cucuys (Piñata Books imprint ed.). Houston, TX: Arte Público Press. ISBN 155885410X. OCLC 54537415. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duende — may refer to: another name for an elf Duende (mythology), a fairy or goblin like creature in Spanish and Latin American mythology Duende (art), a difficult to define phrase in the Spanish arts that connotes emotion and authenticity Duende – A… …   Wikipedia

  • Duende (art) — Duende is a difficult to define word used in the Spanish arts, including performing arts. From the original meaning (a fairy or goblin like creature in Spanish and Latin American mythology), the artistic and especially musical term was derived.… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish mythology — would encompass all the sacred myths of the cultures in the region of Spain. They include Galician mythology, Asturian mythology, Cantabrian mythology, Catalan mythology and Basque mythology. They also include the myths and religions of the Celts …   Wikipedia

  • Dos Pilas — Coordinates: 16°26′45″N 90°17′45″W / 16.44583°N 90.29583°W / 16.44583; 90.29583 …   Wikipedia

  • List of monsters — This is a list of monsters, mythical, legendary, and fictional. The list is organized by Region and the mythologies, legends, and literature that came from said region. They are then organized alphabetically. It is by no means complete or… …   Wikipedia

  • Philippine mythical creatures — Main article: Philippine mythology Philippine folklore, unlike Greek or Roman mythologies, has not been organized into a formal pantheon, does not generally contain long epics, nor has it been relegated to history. To this day, Philippine myths… …   Wikipedia

  • List of legendary creatures by type — This is a list of legendary creatures from mythology, folklore and fairy tales, sorted by their classification or affiliation. Creatures from modern fantasy fiction and role playing games are not included. Contents 1 Angels 2 Artificial creatures …   Wikipedia

  • List of beings referred to as fairies — The term fairy came into use in Western Europe to refer to certain kinds of folkloric beings. [Katharine Mary Briggs, An Encyclopedia of Fairies (Pantheon Books, 1976) p. xi. ISBN 0 394 73467 X] This term has been used to translate into English… …   Wikipedia

  • Calderón de la Barca, Pedro — born Jan. 17, 1600, Madrid, Spain died May 25, 1681, Madrid Spanish playwright. He abandoned religious studies in 1623 to write plays for the court of Philip IV of Spain. His secular plays included The Surgeon of His Honour (1635), Life Is a… …   Universalium

  • Alux — An alux (Mayan: [a luʃ] , plural: aluxo ob : [aluʃoʔob] ) is the name given to a type of sprite or spirit in the mythological tradition of certain Maya peoples from the Yucatán Peninsula and Guatemala. Aluxob are conceived of as being small, only …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.