3 Persian lime


Persian lime

Persian lime
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. latifolia
Binomial name
Citrus latifolia
Tanaka

Persian lime (Citrus latifolia), also known as Tahiti lime or Bearss lime (named after John T. Bearss, who developed this seedless variety about 1895 in his nursery at Porterville, California), is a citrus fruit sold simply as a "lime" in the United States. The fruit is about 6 cm in diameter, often with slightly nippled ends, and is usually sold quite green, although it yellows as it reaches full ripeness. It is larger, thicker-skinned, and less aromatic than the key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), which has a wider agricultural distribution worldwide. The advantages of the Persian lime in commercial agriculture compared to the Key lime are the larger size, absence of seeds, hardiness, absence of thorns on the bushes, and longer fruit shelf life. They are less acidic than key limes and don't have the bitterness that lends to the key lime's unique flavor. Persian limes are commercialized primarily in six sizes, known as 110's, 150's, 175's, 200's, 230's and 250's. Once grown primarily in Florida in the U.S, it rose to prominence after Key lime orchards were wiped out there by a hurricane in 1926,[citation needed] though Persian lime orchards themselves were devastated by Hurricane Andrew in 1992. Large numbers of Persian limes are grown, processed, and exported every year primarily from Mexico[1] to the American, European and Asian markets. U.S. Persian lime imports from Mexico are handled mostly through McAllen, Texas.[2]

Tree characteristics

Seed type: Angiosperm

Leaf shape: Ovate shaped with whole margins

Leaf position: Alternate

Type of fruit: Hesperidium

Notes

  1. ^ Fruit and Tree Nuts Outlook /FTS-333/ July 30, 2008, page 16, by Agnes Perez and Susan Pollack, Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/FTS/2008/07JUL/FTS333.pdf
  2. ^ Mexican lemons, limes attract U.S. importers, 6/9/2008, by Don Schrack at http://www.bovinevetonline.com/newsCN.asp?contentid=326811 accessed October 26, 2009

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Persian lime — persinis citrinmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos kultūrinės kilmės augalas (Citrus latifolia); iš jo vaisių gaminami gėrimai, kvapiosios medžiagos naudojamos maisto pramonėje. atitikmenys: lot. Citrus aurantiifolia var.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • persian lime — noun Usage: usually capitalized P : a vigorously growing lime that has a large oval to elliptical light yellow or slightly orange acid fruit, is possibly of hybrid origin, and was introduced into the southern United States from Tahiti called also …   Useful english dictionary

  • Persian lime — /ˈpɜʒən laɪm/ (say perzhuhn luym) noun → lime2 (def. 1) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Lime (fruit) — For other uses, see Lime (disambiguation). Unripened Key limes Lime is a term referring to a number of different citrus fruits, both species and hybrids, which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3–6 cm in diameter, and containing …   Wikipedia

  • Lime — NOTOC Lime may refer to:Fruits*Lime (fruit), various green to yellow citrus fruits **Australian lime **Blood lime **Kaffir lime **Key lime **Persian lime **Spanish lime **Sweet lime **Wild lime *Lime tree, a common name for members of the genus… …   Wikipedia

  • lime — I. /laɪm / (say luym) noun 1. the oxide of calcium, CaO, a white caustic solid (quicklime or unslaked lime) prepared by calcining limestone, etc., used in making mortar and cement. When treated with water it produces calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Lime — Lime, n. [F. lime; of Persian origin. See {Lemon}.] 1. (Bot.) The fruit of the {Citrus aurantifolia}, allied to the lemon, but greener in color; also, the tree which bears it. Note: The term lime was formerly also applied to variants of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Key lime — Tree ripened key lime. Color is bright yellow, unlike the more common green Persian limes. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Key lime pie — is an American dessert made of key lime juice, egg yolks, and sweetened condensed milk in a pie crust. The traditional conch version utilizes the egg whites and has a meringue topping. [ Conch Cooking L.P. Artman, Jr., August 1975 Florida Keys… …   Wikipedia

  • Bearss lime — persinis citrinmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos kultūrinės kilmės augalas (Citrus latifolia); iš jo vaisių gaminami gėrimai, kvapiosios medžiagos naudojamos maisto pramonėje. atitikmenys: lot. Citrus aurantiifolia var.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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