MIT OpenCourseWare (MIT OCW) is an initiative of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to put all of the educational materials from its undergraduate- and graduate-level courses online, partly free and openly available to anyone, anywhere. MIT OpenCourseWare is a large-scale, web-based publication of MIT course materials. The project was announced in and uses Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike license. The program was originally funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and MIT. Currently, MIT OpenCourseWare is supported by MIT, corporate underwriting, major gifts, and donations from site visitors. The initiative has inspired a number of other institutions to make their course materials available as open educational resources.
As of November 2011, over 2080 courses were available online. While a few of these are limited to chronological reading lists and discussion topics, a majority provided homework problems and exams (often with solutions) and lecture notes. Some courses also include interactive web demonstrations in Java, complete textbooks written by MIT professors, and streaming video lectures.
As of November 2011, 46 courses included complete video lectures; not all of these have complete lecture notes. The video is available in streaming mode, but may also be downloaded for viewing offline. Many video and audio files are also available from iTunes U.
The concept of MIT OpenCourseWare grew out of the MIT Council on Education Technology, which was charged by MIT provost Robert Brown in 1999 with determining how MIT should position itself in the distance learning/e-learning environment. MIT OpenCourseWare was then initiated to provide a new model for the dissemination of knowledge and collaboration among scholars around the world, and contributes to the “shared intellectual commons” in academia, which fosters collaboration across MIT and among other scholars. The project was spearheaded by professors Dick K.P Yue ,
MIT OCW was originally served by a custom content management system based on Microsoft's Microsoft Content Management Server, which was replaced in mid-2010 with a Plone-based content management system. The publishing process is described by MIT as a "large-scale digital publishing infrastructure consists of planning tools, a content management system (CMS), and the MIT OpenCourseWare content distribution infrastructure".
Video content for the courses were originally primarily in RealMedia format. In 2008, OCW transitioned to using YouTube as the primary digital video streaming platform form the site, embedding YouTube video back into the OCW site.  OCW video and audio files are also provided in full for offline downloads on iTunesU and the Internet Archive. In 2011, OCW introduced an iPhone App called LectureHall in partnership with Irynsoft.
The annual cost of running MIT OCW is about $3.5 million per year. They are currently projected to run out of financial reserves in FY2012 without additional sources of funding.
- Open educational resources
- Connexions, by Rice University
- China Open Resources for Education (CORE), MIT OCW's partnership in China
- Tufts OpenCourseWare
- NPTEL by IITs and IISc (India)
- ^ a b http://ocw.mit.edu/donate/why-donate/
- ^ Attwood, Rebecca (2009-09-24). "Get it out in the open". Times Higher Education (London). http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=408300. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- ^ http://web.mit.edu/vfrl/www/people/yue.html
- ^ http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/help/faq4/index.htm
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/user/MIT
- ^ http://ocw.mit.edu/about/media-coverage/press-releases/iphone-lecturehall
- MIT OpenCourseWare – official site; , versions
- The OpenCourseWare Consortium
- MIT's Channel offers videos of OpenCourseWare on YouTube
- Learn for free online – BBC News, Sept 2002
- Wired: MIT Everywhere
- Opencourseware How To – designed to share the experience, key decisions, and lessons learned that led to the implementation of MIT's OpenCourseWare project.
- Open Courseware Consortium
- Wired news article
- Courses offered for free from Stanford Engineering Everywhere
- Open.Michigan the OER website of the Open.Michigan Initiative
- UC Berkeley Courses UC Berkeley Webcasts
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Academics ResearchBroad Institute · Center for Theoretical Physics · Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory · Koch Institute · Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems · MIT Libraries · Lincoln Laboratory · McGovern Institute · Media Laboratory · Picower Institute · Plasma Science and Fusion Center · Research Laboratory of Electronics · MIT Senseable City Lab · MIT Nuclear Reactor Lab · Whitehead Institute · MIT Center for International Studies People Culture Campus
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