Degtyaryov machine gun

DP machine gun
Machine gun DP MON.jpg
Type Light machine gun
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1928-1960s (Soviet first line service)
Used by See Users
Wars Spanish Civil War
Winter War
World War II
Korean War
Chinese Civil War
Vietnam War
Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Libyan Civil War
Production history
Designer Vasily Degtyaryov
Designed 1927
Number built 795,000[not in citation given][1]
Variants DP
Type 53
Weight 9.12 kg (20.11 lb)
Length DP, DPM - 1,270 mm (50.0 in)
RP-46 - 1,272 mm (50.1 in)
Barrel length DP, DPM - 604 mm (23.8 in)
RP-46 - 605 mm (23.8 in)

Cartridge 7.62x54mmR
Action Gas-Operated
Rate of fire 500-600rpm
2400rpm (DTM-4)
Muzzle velocity 840 m/s (2,755 ft/s)
Effective range 800 m
Feed system 47-round Pan Magazine
Belt feed (RP-46)
30-round overhead box magazine (PD-36 and DTM-4)
Sights Front: Post w/ ears
Back: Tangent leaf

The Пулемёт Дегтярёвa Пехотный (Pulemyot Degtyaryova Pekhotny) (Degtyaryov's infantry machine gun) or DP was a light machine gun firing the 7.62x54mmR cartridge that was used by the Soviet Union starting in 1928. It was cheap and easy to manufacture - early models had fewer than 80 parts and could be built by unskilled labour. The DP was especially able to withstand dirt. In tests it was buried in sand and mud and was still capable of firing more than 500 rounds. The DP's main drawback is its bipod; it cannot withstand much abuse and breaks easily. Also, the magazine, which is a pan with 47 rounds that feed in from the top, is relatively small and continuous fire for long periods could not be relied on as much as contemporary belt fed weapons. It takes some time to load a new magazine onto the weapon, and each magazine takes a much longer time to reload with ammunition. However, the DP's lower cyclic rate of fire means a reduced risk of the barrel overheating. Nicknamed the "Record player" by Red Army troops because the disk-shaped pan magazine resembled a gramophone record and its top cover which revolves while the weapon is fired. The DP had a reputation as an effective light support weapon. The DP machine gun was supplemented in the 1950s by the more modern RPD machine gun and entirely replaced in Soviet service by the general purpose PK machine gun in the 1960s.

Captured by the Finnish army in the Winter War and the Continuation War to partially replace the Lahti-Saloranta M/26, the weapon received the nickname Emma in the service after a popular waltz. In the summer of 1944 the Finnish army had about 3400 Finnish-made Lahti-Salorantas and 9000 captured Soviet-made Degtyaryovs on the front.

A number of the RP-46 variant of the DP have been spotted in present day Somalia, in use with militant forces, and also among rebel forces in the 2011 Libyan uprising to overthrow Moammar Khaddafi



  • DPM, modernized version adopted in 1943-44, with a more robust bipod fastened to the cooling jacket and the recoil spring housed in a tube projecting from the rear of the receiver which necessitated a pistol grip for this model of the weapon (manufactured in China as the Type 53)
  • DA, for mounting in aircraft (Дегтярёва авиационный, Degtyaryova Aviatsionny; ДА)
  • DT and DTM, for mounting in AFVs (Дегтярёва танковый, Degtyaryova Tankovy; ДТ and ДТМ)
  • DTM-4, (ДТМ-4) quad mounted variant.[2]
  • RP-46, belt fed version adopted in 1946 (manufactured in China as the Type 58)
  • A semi-automatic-only version that was released in the United States in 2006.[3]

The original DP is more commonly called the DP-28 (or DP-27), although there is some confusion as to whether these are official designations or not.


See also


  1. ^ "Ручной пулемет Дегтярева" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2008-04-18. 
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Jones, Richard D.; Ness, Leland S., eds (January 27, 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5. 
  5. ^ a b Degtyarev DP DPM RP-46 (Russia / USSR) at
  6. ^ Soviet Machine guns and Light Machine guns in the Winter War at
  7. ^ Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 384. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3. 

External links

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