List of the Westminster Divines
The members of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, sometimes known collectively as the Westminster Divines, are those clergymen who participated in the Assembly that drafted the Westminster Confession of Faith. The Long Parliament's initial ordinance creating the Westminster Assembly appointed 121 ministers of the Church of England to the Assembly, as well as providing for participation on the part of 30 lay assessors (10 nobles and 20 commoners), as well as six Commissioners representing the Church of Scotland. Of the original 121 divines, approximately 25 never took their seats in the Assembly. The Parliament subsequently added 21 additional ministers to the Assembly (the additions being known to history as the Superadded Divines) to replace those ministers who did not show up, or who had died or become ill since the calling of the Assembly.
Note: In the list below, members of the Assembly without dates beside their names are mainly Royalists who did not take their seats in the Assembly because King Charles I instructed all loyal subjects not to participate in the Westminster Assembly.
Members of the Clergy (English and Welsh)
(in alphabetical order)
Dates of Participation Name Town County Notes 1643–1649 John Arrowsmith, D. D. (1602–1659) King's Lynn Norfolk Master of St John's College, Cambridge from 1644 1643–1649 Simeon Ashe (d. 1662) Cardiganshire 1643–1649 Theodore Bathurst (c.1587–1652) Overton Wetsville Huntingdonshire 1643–1649 Thomas Baylie, B. D. (1581/2–1663) Manningford-Bruce Wiltshire 1647–1649 Samuel Bolton (1605/6–1654) Middlesex 1644–1652 John Bond (1612–1676) Oxford University 1643–1644 Oliver Bowles, B. D. (c.1577–1644) Sutton (near Biggleswade) Bedfordshire 1643–1649 William Bridge (1600/01–1671) Yarmouth Cumberland Ralph Brownrigg, D. D. (1592–1659) Cambridge University Bishop of Exeter Richard Buckley (c.1608–1653) Anglesey 1643–1649 Anthony Burges (d. 1664) Sutton Coldfield Warwickshire 1643–1649 Cornelius Burges, D. D. (d. 1665) Watford Hertfordshire 1643–1646 Jeremiah Burroughs (bap. 1601?, d. 1646) Stepney Middlesex 1643–1652 Adoniram Byfield (d. 1658x60) non-voting scribe 1645–1649 Richard Byfield (bap. 1598, d. 1664) Surrey 1643–1649 Edward Calamy, B. D. (1600–1666) London Richard Capel (1586–1656) Pitchcombe Gloucestershire 1643–1645/6 John Carter (d. 1645/6) Yorkshire 1643–1652 Thomas Carter (b. c.1585) Oxford 1643–1652 William Carter (1605–1658) Dynton Northumberland 1643–1652 Joseph Caryl (1602–1673) London of Lincoln's Inn 1643–1649 Thomas Case (bap. 1598, d. 1682) Cheshire 1643–1649 Daniel Cawdrey (1587/8–1664) Monmouthshire 1643–1649 Humphrey Chambers (bap. 1599?, d. 1662) Claverton Somerset 1643–1649 Francis Cheynell, D. D. (bap. 1608, d. 1665) Petworth Pembrokeshire 1643–1649 Peter Clark(b. c.1606) Carnaby Yorkshire 1643–1649 Richard Clayton (1597–1671) Shawell Leicestershire Thomas Clendon (d. 1677) Carmarthenshire Francis Coke (c.1600–1682) Yoxhall Staffordshire 1643–1646 Thomas Coleman (1597/8–1646) Blyton Lincolnshire 1643–1652 John Conant, D. D. (1608–1694) Lymington Somerset 1645–1649 Edward Corbet (b. 1590/91) Westmorland 1643–1652 Edward Corbet (1601x3–1658) Shropshire of Merton College, Oxford 1643–1649 Robert Crosse, B. D. (1604/5–1683) Oxfordshire of Lincoln College 1645–1649 Philippé Delmé (d. 1653) Calybute Downing, D. D. (1606–1644) Hackney Middlesex William Dunning (b. 1599) Godalston 1645–1652 John Dury (1596–1680) Middlesex John Earle (1598x1601–1665) Bishopston Bristol became Bishop of Worcester in 1662 and was translated to the See of Salisbury 10 months later Edward Ellis, B. D. (b. c.1603, d. in or after 1650) Gilsfield Montgomeryshire 1643 Daniel Featley, D. D. (1582–1645) Surrey of Lambeth 1645–1649 Thomas Ford (1598–1674) Bedfordshire 1643–1649 John Foxcraft (1595–1662) Gotham Nottinghamshire 1643–1649 Hannibal Gammon (bap. 1582, d. 1650/51) Maugan Cornwall 1643–1649 Thomas Gataker, B. D. (1574–1654) Rotherhithe Carnarvonshire 1643–1649 John Gibbon (b. c.1587) Waltham 1643–1649 George Gibbs (c.1590–1654) Aylestone Leicestershire 1643–1649 Samuel Gibson (b. c.1580) Burley Rutland 1644–1649 William Good (b. 1600) 1643–1649 Thomas Goodwin, D. D. (1600–1680) Cambridgeshire 1643–1649 William Gouge, D. D. (1575–1653) Derbyshire of Blackfriars 1643–1649 Stanley Gower (bap. 1600?, d. 1660) Brampton Bryan Herefordshire 1643–1649? John Greene (fl. 1641–1647) Pencombe Herefordshire 1643–1649 William Greenhill (1597/8–1671) Stepney Durham John Hacket, D. D. (1592–1670) Radnorshire of St. Andrew’s London; Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry from 1661 1643–1644 Henry Hall, B. D. (c.1604–1644) Norwich Westmorland Henry Hammond, D. D. (1605–1660) Penshurst Kent 1644–1649 Humphrey Hardwick (b. 1602) John Harris, D. D. (1587/8–1658) Monmouthshire Warden of Winchester College 1643–1652 Robert Harris, B. D. (1580/81–1658) Hanwell Oxfordshire 1643–1649 Charles Herle (1597/8–1659) Winwick Lancashire 1643–1649 Richard Heyrick (1600–1667) Manchester Lancashire 1643–1649 Gaspar Hickes (1605–1677) Lawrick Cornwall Samuel Hildersham (1594?–1674) Fetton Shropshire 1643–1649 Thomas Hill, B. D. (d. 1653) Tickmarsh Northamptonshire 1643–1649 Thomas Hodges (c.1600–1672) Kensington Richard Holdsworth, D. D. (1590–1649) of Cambridge 1643–1649 Joshua Hoyle, D. D. (bap. 1588, d. 1654) Cumberland of Dublin, Ireland Henry Hutton (d. 1671) Westmorland 1643–1648 John Jackson (1600–1648) Marsac Northumberland 1646–1652 Robert Johnston (d. 1670) Yorkshire 1643–1649 John Langley (d. 1657) West-Tuderly Hampshire William Launce (c.1588–1666) Harrow London 1643–1649 John Ley (1584–1662) Budworth Cheshire 1643–1652 John Lightfoot, D. D. (1602–1675) Ashley, Staffordshire Staffordshire Richard Love, D. D. (1596–1661) Ekington Derbyshire William Lyford (1597?–1653) Sherbourne 1643–1651 Jean de la Marche (1585–1651) Guernsey of the French Congregations 1643–1649 Stephen Marshall, B. D. (1594/5?–1655) Finchingfield Essex 1643–1649 John Maynard (1600–1665) Sussex 1643–1649 William Mew, B. D. (1602–1659) Eastington Gloucestershire 1643–1649 Thomas Micklethwaite (d. 1663) Cherryburton William Moreton (d. 1643) Newcastle upon Tyne Durham George Morley, D. D. (1598?–1684) Monmouthshire of Minden Hall; later he became Bishop of Worcester, then Bishop of Winchester 1643–1649 Matthew Newcomen (d. 1669) Dedham Essex William Nicholson, D. D. (1591–1672) Carmarthenshire afterwards Bishop of Gloucester Henry Nye (1589–1643) Clapham Sussex 1643–1652 Philip Nye (bap. 1595, d. 1672) Kimbolton Huntingdonshire 1643–1644 Henry Painter (c.1583–1644) Exeter Devon 1643–1647 Herbert Palmer, B. D. (1601–1647) Ashwell Bedfordshire 1643 Edward Peale (1583–1645) Compton Dorsetshire 1643–1649 Andrew Perne (c.1595–1654) Wilby Northamptonshire 1643–1649 John Philips (c.1585–1663) Wrentham Suffolk 1643–1649 Benjamin Pickering (fl. 1620–1649) East Hoatly Sussex 1643–1649 Samuel de la Place (1576/7–1658) Jersey of the French Congregations 1643–1649 William Price (d. 1666) of St. Paul's Covent Garden 1643–1649 Nicholas Prophet (c.1599–1669) Marlborough Wiltshire John Pyne (bap. 1600, d. 1678) Bereferrars Devon 1643–1644 William Rathbone (d. 1644) Monmouthshire 1643–1652 William Rayner (c.1595–1666) Egham Berkshire 1643–1649 Edward Reynolds (1599–1676) Brampton Northamptonshire became Bishop of Norwich at The Restoration (1660) 1643–1649 Henry Roborough (d. 1649) non-voting scribe 1643–1652 Arthur Sallaway (b. 1606) Severn Stoake Worcestershire Robert Sanderson, D. D. (1587–1663) Boothby-Parnell Nottinghamshire 1643–1649 Henry Scudder (d. 1652) Colingbourne Wiltshire 1643–1649 Lazarus Seaman, B. D. (d. 1675) London 1643–1649 Obadiah Sedgwick, B. D. (1599/1600–1658) Coggeshall Essex Josias Shute, B. D. (bap. 1588, d. 1643) Lombard Street, London Cardiganshire 1643–1652 Sidrach Simpson (c.1600–1655) Worcestershire some sources say he was of London 1643–1649 Peter Smith, D. D. (1586–1653) Barkway Hertfordshire also known as Brocket Smith 1643–1649 William Spurstowe, D. D. (d. 1666) Hampden Merioneth 1643–1649 Edmund Staunton, D. D. (1600–1671) Kingston Surrey 1643–1652 Peter Sterry (1613–1672) London 1643–1649 Matthias Stiles or Styles (1591–1652) Eastcheap Oxford University, London 1644–1652 John Strickland (bap. 1601?, d. 1670) Cambridge University 1646–1649 William Strong (d. 1654) Dorset 1643–1649 Francis Taylor (1589–1656) Yalding Kent 1643–1649 Thomas Temple, B. D. (c.1601–1661) Battersey Brecknockshire 1643–1649 Thomas Thorowgood (c.1595–1669) Massingham Norfolk 1643–1649 Christopher Tisdale (1592–1655) Uphurstbourne Hampshire 1643–1649 Henry Tozer, B. D. (c.1601–1650) Glamorganshire of Oxford 1643–1649 Anthony Tuckney, D. D. (1599–1670) Boston Lincolnshire 1643–1646 William Twisse, D. D. (1577/8–1646) Newbury Berkshire Prolocutor of the Assembly from its beginning until his death James Ussher (1581–1656) Oxford University Archbishop of Armagh 1643–1649 Thomas Valentine, B. D. (1586–1665) Chalfent Giles Buckinghamshire 1643–1649 Richard Vines (1599/1600–1656) Calcot Warwickshire 1643–1649 George Walker, B. D. (bap. 1582?, d. 1651) London 1643–1649 John Wallis (1616–1703) non-voting scribe; also a mathematician 1645 John Ward (d. 1665) Samuel Ward, D. D. (1572–1643) Cambridge University Master of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge 1643–1649 James Welby (fl. 1643–1649) Sylatten Denbighshire 1643 Thomas Westfield, D. D. (1573–1644) Bishop of Bristol Francis Whiddon (c.1599–1656/7) Moretonhampstead Devon 1643–1649 Jeremiah Whitaker (1599–1654) Stretton Rutland 1643–1648 John White (1575–1648) Dorchester Dorset 1643–1649 Henry Wilkinson the younger, B. D. (1610–1675) Stepney London of St. Dunstan’s 1643–1647 Henry Wilkinson the elder, B. D. (1566–1647) Waddesden Buckinghamshire 1643–1649 Thomas Wilson (c.1601–1653) Otham Kent 1643–1647 John Wincop, D. D. (c.1602–1647) Elesworth of St Martin-in-the-Fields 1643–1649 Francis Woodcock (1614–1649×51) Durham 1643–1649 Thomas Young (c.1587–1655) Stowmarket Suffolk
Members of the House of Lords who served as
Lay Assessors at the Westminster Assembly
(in alphabetical order by family name)
Dates of Participation Name Notes 1643–1649 William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1591–1668) Edward Conway, 2nd Viscount Conway (bap. 1594, d. 1655) 1644–1646 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex (1591–1646) Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh (c.1608–1675) 1643–1649 William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele (1582–1662) William Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Werke (1593/4–1674) 1643–1649 Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke (1584–1650) 1643–1649 Edward Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Escrick (d. 1675) 1643–1649 Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester (1602–1671) 1643–1649 Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602–1668) Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland (1591–1668) c.1644–1649 Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick (1587–1658) Oliver St John, 1st Earl of Bolingbroke (c.1584–1646) 1643–1649 Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton (1613–1696)
Members of the House of Commons who served as
Lay Assessors at the Westminster Assembly
(in alphabetical order)
Dates of Participation Name Notes 1644 Sir Thomas Barrington (c.1585–1644) 1643–1647 John Clotworthy, 1st Viscount Massereene (d. 1665) 1643–1649 John Cooke (bap. 1608, d. 1660) one of the regicides 1643–1649 Sir John Evelyn (1601–1685) 1643?–1649 Nathaniel Fiennes (1607/8–1669) 1643?–1649 Sir Gilbert Gerard (1587–1670) 1643?–1649 Sir John Glynne (1603–1666) 1644–1649 Sir Robert Harley (bap. 1579, d. 1656) 1643–1649 Arthur Haselrig (1601–1661) 1644–1649 William Masham (1615/16–1654/5) 1643?–1649 Sir John Maynard (1602–1690) 1643–1649 William Pierrepont (1607/8–1678) 1643–1649 Edmond Prideaux (1601–1659) 1643–1649 Sir Robert Pye (bap. 1585, d. 1662) 1643 John Pym (1584–1643) 1644–1649 Sir Robert Reynolds (1600/01–1678) 1643–1649 Francis Rous (1580/81–1659) 1643–1649 Sir Benjamin Rudyerd (1572–1658) 1643–1649 Oliver St John (c.1598–1673) 1643–1649 Humphrey Salwey (c.1575–1652) 1643–1649 John Selden (1584–1654) 1645 William Strode (bap. 1594, d. 1645) 1644?–1649 Zouch Tate (1606–1650) 1643–1649 Sir Henry Vane the Younger (1613–1662) 1643–1649 Sir Henry Vane the Elder (1589–1655) 1643–1649 William Wheeler (c.1601–1666) 1643–1645 John White (1590–1645) 1643–1649 Bulstrode Whitelocke (1605–1675) John Wilde (1590–1669) Walter Yonge (bap. 1579, d. 1649)
Church of Scotland Ministers who served as
Commissioners at the Westminster Assembly
(in alphabetical order)
Dates of Participation Name Notes 1643–1647 Robert Baillie (1602–1662) Robert Blair (1593–1666) Robert Douglas (1594–1674) 1643–1647 George Gillespie (1613–1648) 1643–1645 Alexander Henderson (c.1583–1646) 1643–1647 Samuel Rutherford (c.1600–1661)
Church of Scotland Elders who served as
Commissioners at the Westminster Assembly
(in alphabetical order by family name)
Dates of Participation Name Notes 1646 Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661) 1644–1646 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun (1598–1662) 1644–1647 John Elphinstone, 2nd Lord Balmerino (d. 1649) 1645 Sir Charles Erskine of Alva (d. 1663) 1644–1646 Archibald Johnston, Lord Warriston (bap. 1611, d. 1663) John Kennedy, 6th Earl of Cassilis (1601x7–1668) 1643–1648 John Maitland, Viscount Maitland (1616–1682) Robert Meldrum (fl. 1620–1647) 1647 George Winram of Liberton, Lord Liberton (d. 1650)
- William Maxwell Hetherington, History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines (1853) (List is in Chapter 2)
- List of Westminster Divines from the Westminster Assembly Project
- ^ The rector of Orton Waterville, which was then in Huntingdonshire, and now is part of Orton, Cambridgeshire in the Peterborough area, at the time was Theodore Bathurst (Bathurst, Theodore in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.), otherwise known for a Latin translation made c.1608 of Edmund Spenser's The Shepheardes Calender. The original parliamentary summons is though to Theophilus Bathurst, of Orton Watervile..
- ^ Bowles, Oliver in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.; author of De Pastore Evangelico Tractatus .
- ^ Carter, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Clark, Peter in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Foxcroft, John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Hall, Henry in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Samuel Hildersham in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Hodges, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Jackson, John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Johnson, Robert in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Mickelthwaite, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Philip, John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Rayner, William in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Matthias Stiles in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.; his church was St George Botolph Lane until 1645, when he was sequestered.
- ^ Taylor, Francis in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Temple, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Thurgood, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Valentine, Thomas in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
- ^ Whinncopp, John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
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