Post-Attack Command and Control System
The Post Attack Command and Control System (PACCS) was a network of communication sites (both ground and airborne) for use before, during and after a nuclear attack on the United States. PACCS was designed to ensure that National Command Authority would retain sole, exclusive, and complete control over US nuclear weapons. Among other components, it included Strategic Air Command assets such as the LOOKING GLASS aircraft and mission, and various hardened command and control facilities.
The Strategic Air Command headquarters staff, under the direction of General Thomas S. Power conducted the feasibility of placing a continuous command and control element in an airborne mode. The purpose of such a system would be to use the aircraft as a platform for specially installed communications equipment to insure delivery of command directives to SAC strike forces in the event ground-based headquarters were destroyed.
The original plan envisioned an aircraft, crew, and command and control team on 15-minute ground alert; this was later changed to a continuous airborne alert posture. The functions of this PACCS Airborne Command Post kept expanding until it became a true alternate command and control system, complete with force status monitoring, initiation or relay of launch/execution directives, a battle staff, communications to support and alternate CINCSAC, and limited capabilities to reconstitute and replan residual resources.
PACCS, in later variants, included an Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) capability, which provided an alternate means of execution messages to get to missile combat crews and a back-up launch control center, forcing the Soviet Union to target each missile silo, rather than just the launch control centers to incapacitate the Minuteman force.
- E-4B National Emergency Airborne Command Post (NEACP)
- EC-135 Airborne Command Post (ABNCP) "Looking Glass"
- 2d Airborne Command and Control Squadron - Offutt AFB, Nebraska
- 4th Airborne Command and Control Squadron - Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota
- 22d Air Refueling Squadron - March AFB, California; West Auxiliary Command Post (West AUXCP) 
- 99th Air Refueling Squadron - Westover AFB, Massachusetts; East Auxiliary Command Post (East AUXCP) 
- 913th Air Refueling Squadron - Barksdale AFB, Louisiana; Central Auxiliary Command Post (Central AUX)
- 4362d Post Attack Command and Control Squadron - Lincoln AFB, Nebraska
- 4363d Post Attack Command and Control Squadron - Lockborne AFB, Ohio
- 4364th Post Attack Command and Control Squadron - Mountain Home AFB, Idaho
- 4365th Post Attack Command and Control Squadron - Plattsburgh AFB, New York
- Barksdale AFB, Louisiana (8th Air Force Command Post)
- Westover AFB, Massachusetts (8th Air Force Combat Operations Center, aka "The Notch")
- March AFB, California (15th Air Force Command Post)
- Grissom AFB, Indiana
- Offutt AFB, Nebraska (SAC Headquarters)
- Survivable Low Frequency Communications System (SLFCS)
- Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN)
- Minimum Essential Emergency Communications Network (MEECN)
- Emergency Rocket Communications System (ERCS)
- The Cold War
- Game theory
- Continuity of government
- ^ Ogletree, Greg. "A History of the Post Attack Command and Control System"
- ^ Strategic Air Command: "Weapon Systems Acquisition 1964-1979", 28 Apr 1980
- ^ 2d Airborne Command and Control Squadron history
- ^ Strategic Air Command Regulation 100-24 Vol III: SAC Communications System Operations/EWO Support Requirements, 6 Jul 1979
- ^ a b c d Lloyd, Alwyn T. (January 15, 2000). A Cold War Legacy: A Tribute to Strategic Air Command 1946-1992. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing. ISBN 1-57510-052-5. OCLC 44672618.
- ^ Westover Yesterday: "The Notch and Grayson: Eighth Air Force's alternative command posts", no date
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
rocket and missile system — ▪ weapons system Introduction any of a variety of weapons systems that deliver explosive warheads to their targets by means of rocket propulsion. Rocket is a general term used broadly to describe a variety of jet propelled missiles… … Universalium
Ship gun fire-control system — Mk 37 Director c1944 with Mk 12 (rectangular antenna) and Mk 22 orange peel Ship gun fire control systems (GFCS) enable remote and automatic targeting of guns against ships, aircraft, and shore targets, with or without the aid of radar or optical … Wikipedia
LEGAL AND JUDICIAL SYSTEM — UNDER THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (1876–1917) Judiciary Throughout the period from the promulgation of the Ottoman Constitution of 1876 until the present time there have been both secular and religious courts exercising jurisdiction in the territory of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Attack helicopter — An attack helicopter, also known as a helicopter gunship, is a Military helicopter armed for attacking targets on the ground such as enemy infantry, armored vehicles and structures, using autocannon and machine gun fire, rockets, and precision… … Wikipedia
Command & Conquer 3: Kane's Wrath — Developer(s) EA Los Angeles BreakAway Games Publisher(s) … Wikipedia
Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3 — Red Alert 3 cover art Developer(s) EA Los Angeles Publisher(s) Elect … Wikipedia
Post-invasion Iraq (2003 to present) — See also: Iraq War, 2007 in Iraq, 2008 in Iraq, and 2009 in Iraq Post invasion Iraq (2003 to present) Part of the Iraq War … Wikipedia
Post-invasion Iraq, 2003–present — Infobox Military Conflict campaign=Iraq War, Post Invasion caption=Occupation zones in Iraq as of September 2003 date=May 1, 2003 – present place=Iraq casus=2003 invasion of Iraq result=Conflict ongoing combatant1=flagicon|Iraq New Iraqi Army… … Wikipedia
Command & Conquer: Tiberian series — The Global Defense Initiative s iconic Ion Cannon orbital weapon The Command Conquer: Tiberian series is a sub series of real time strategy video games belonging to the extensive Command Conquer franchise by Westwood Studios and Electronic Arts.… … Wikipedia
Command & Conquer: Red Alert — For the video game sub series, see Command Conquer: Red Alert series. For the iPhone game, see Command Conquer: Red Alert (iPhone). Command Conquer: Red Alert Cover art (Windows 95 version) Developer(s) Westwood Stu … Wikipedia