Superreal number


Superreal number

The superreal numbers are an extension of the real numbers, similar to the surreal numbers or hyperreal numbers, but comprising a more inclusive category than either one.

Formal Definition

Suppose X is a Tychonoff space, also called a T3.5 space, and C(X) is the algebra of continuous real-valued functions on X. Suppose P is a prime ideal in C(X). Then the factor algebra A = C(X)/P is by definition an integral domain which is a real algebra and which can be seen to be totally ordered. The quotient field F of A is a superreal field if F strictly contains the real numbers Bbb{R}, so that F is not order isomorphic to Bbb{R}, though they may be isomorphic as fields.

If the prime ideal P is a maximal ideal, then F is a field of hyperreal numbers.

The terminology is due to Dales and Woodin.

References

* H. Garth Dales and W. Hugh Woodin: "Super-Real Fields", Clarendon Press, 1996.

* L. Gillman and M. Jerison: "Rings of Continuous Functions", Van Nostrand, 1960.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Number — For other uses, see Numbers (disambiguation). A number is a mathematical object used to count and measure. In mathematics, the definition of number has been extended over the years to include such numbers as zero, negative numbers, rational… …   Wikipedia

  • Number system — This article is about different sets of numbers. For different methods of expressing numbers with symbols, see numeral system. In mathematics, a number system is a set of numbers, (in the broadest sense of the word), together with one or more… …   Wikipedia

  • Hypercomplex number — The term hypercomplex number has been used in mathematics for the elements of algebras that extend or go beyond complex number arithmetic.Hypercomplex numbers have had a long lineage of devotees including Hermann Hankel, Georg Frobenius, Eduard… …   Wikipedia

  • Surreal number — In mathematics, the surreal number system is an arithmetic continuum containing the real numbers as well as infinite and infinitesimal numbers, respectively larger or smaller in absolute value than any positive real number. The surreals share… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyperreal number — *R redirects here. For R*, see Rockstar Games. The system of hyperreal numbers represents a rigorous method of treating the infinite and infinitesimal quantities. The hyperreals, or nonstandard reals, *R, are an extension of the real numbers R… …   Wikipedia

  • Complex number — A complex number can be visually represented as a pair of numbers forming a vector on a diagram called an Argand diagram, representing the complex plane. Re is the real axis, Im is the imaginary axis, and i is the square root of –1. A complex… …   Wikipedia

  • Natural number — Natural numbers can be used for counting (one apple, two apples, three apples, ...) from top to bottom. In mathematics, the natural numbers are the ordinary whole numbers used for counting ( there are 6 coins on the table ) and ordering ( this is …   Wikipedia

  • Negative number — This thermometer is indicating a slightly negative …   Wikipedia

  • Real number — For the real numbers used in descriptive set theory, see Baire space (set theory). For the computing datatype, see Floating point number. A symbol of the set of real numbers …   Wikipedia

  • p-adic number — In mathematics, and chiefly number theory, the p adic number system for any prime number p extends the ordinary arithmetic of the rational numbers in a way different from the extension of the rational number system to the real and complex number… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.