Eisenhower Doctrine


Eisenhower Doctrine

The Eisenhower Doctrine, given in a message to the United States Congress on January 5, 1957, was the foreign policy of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Eisenhower Doctrine required Congress to yield its traditional war-making power to the president. The doctrine stated that the United States would use armed forces upon request in response to imminent or actual aggression to the United States. Furthermore, countries that took stances opposed to Communism would be given aid in various forms.

The military action provisions of the Doctrine were applied in the Lebanon Crisis the following year, when America intervened in response to a request by that country's president.

In the global political context, the Doctrine was made in response to the possibility of a generalized war, threatened as a result of the Soviet Union's attempt to use the Suez War as a pretext to enter Egypt. Coupled with the power vacuum left by the decline of British and French power in the region after their failure in that same war, Eisenhower felt that a strong position needed to better the situation was further complicated by the positions taken by Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser, who was rapidly building a power base and using it to play the Soviets and Americans against each other, taking a position of "positive neutrality" and accepting aid from the Soviets.

On the regional level, then, the intent was that the Doctrine would work to provide the independent Arab regimes with an alternative to Nasser's political control, strengthening them while isolating Communist influence through isolation of Nasser. The doctrine largely failed on that front, with Nasser's power quickly rising by 1959 to the point where he could shape the leadership outcomes in neighboring Arab countries including Iraq and Saudi Arabia, but in the meantime Nasser's relationship with the Soviet leaders deteriorated, allowing the US to switch to a policy of accommodation.

The Eisenhower Administration also saw the area as being influential for future foreign policy for not only the United States but also its allies. The Middle Eastern region contains a large percentage of the world's oil supply. If the area was to fall to communism, the United States and its allies would suffer immense economic consequences.

External links

* [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=11007&st=&st1= Text of the January 5, 1957 Special Message to Congress]

Template group
list =


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eisenhower Doctrine — U.S. foreign policy pronouncement by Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1957). The Eisenhower Doctrine promised military and economic aid to anticommunist governments, at a time when communist countries were providing arms to Egypt and offering strong… …   Universalium

  • Eisenhower Doctrine — contain the Soviet Union in Europe and the Middle East; for Dwight D Eisenhower, thirtyfourth president of the United States …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Eisenhower Doctrine — policy established by U.S. President Eisenhower in 1957 in which financial and military aid was promised to any Middle Eastern country that fought Communism …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. — ▪ president of United States Introduction in full  Dwight David Eisenhower  born October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C.  34th president of the United States (1953–61), who had been supreme commander of the… …   Universalium

  • Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid) — born Oct. 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C. 34th president of the U.S. (1953–61). He graduated from West Point (1915), then served in the Panama Canal Zone (1922–24) and in the Philippines under Douglas… …   Universalium

  • doctrine — /dok trin/, n. 1. a particular principle, position, or policy taught or advocated, as of a religion or government: Catholic doctrines; the Monroe Doctrine. 2. something that is taught; teachings collectively: religious doctrine. 3. a body or… …   Universalium

  • Doctrine Carter — Doctrine de politique étrangère américaine (1980) : toute tentative de gagner le contrôle de la région du Golfe provoquera des représailles des États Unis. Cette doctrine s inscrit dans la continuité de la doctrine Eisenhower. L application… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine Eisenhower — La doctrine Eisenhower a été formulée par le président des États Unis Dwight Eisenhower devant le congrès des États Unis le 5 janvier 1957. Elle cherche à limiter la déstabilisation des pays du Moyen Orient par le communisme grâce à des aides… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine stratégique — Liste des doctrines géopolitiques Les doctrines géopolitiques ont été utilisées dans les relations internationales pour affirmer la politique extérieure des nations sur la scène mondiale. Sommaire 1 Liste par ordre chronologique 1.1 Doctrines… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Doctrine Kennedy — La doctrine Kennedy désigne la politique étrangère des États Unis sous la présidence de John Fitzgerald Kennedy, principalement à l égard de l Amérique latine. Sommaire 1 Discours inaugural 2 Guerre froide 3 Contexte historique …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.