- History of education in China
The history of education in China began with the birth of
Chinese civilization. The nobles often set up the educational establishments for their offspring. The Shang Hsiangwas a legendary school to teach the youth nobles. It may have been the origin of education in China.
The government founded five national schools to educate
Six Artsof junior nobles.
Hundred Schools of Thought
At that time, numerous different schools enrolled the students. The most famous one was the
Confucianismand its leader Confuciuswas seen as the founder of education for the masses. One of his saying was "Provide education for all people without discrimination" (Chinese:有教无类). Another was "Teach according to the student's ability" (Chinese: 因材施教).
The different schools were often organized into political entities to gain social influence.
The Setback of Education
Qin Shi Huangfavored Legalism (Chinese philosophy),and regarded others useless,so he carried out burning of books and burying of scholars. It was one major setback for Chinese education.
Confucianism as the education doctrine
Emperor Wu of Hanfavored Confucianismand made it as the national educational doctrine.The Taixuewas setup to turn out civil servantfor the empire. Imperial examinationbegan at 605, and the educational system for Chinese Empirewas finaled modeled until the abolishment in 1905, and replaced by modern Western Education.
Meanwhile art school
Pear Gardenappeared in early 8th century, and in 1178national military school Wu Xue() was set up.
Properties of local schools
Imperial examinationrequired the competitors to pass their local cutting score before the final examination in capitol. So the private school prevailed. White Deer Grotto Academyand Donglin Academywere their models.
The invention of
Paperand Movable typegreatly boosted the educational industry.
The introduction of modern education
Following the defeat of the Chinese empire in the
Opium Wars, modern western education was eagerly sought out in the domains of foreign languages, national defence, and new techniques of industrial production. The Capital Foreign Language House () was set up in 1862. Countless overseas students were sent by the government or by their families to Europe, USA, and Japan. In the late 19th century, several modern universities were founded, such as Peking Universityand Jiaotong University.
Education in the People's Republic of China
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