Sanctus


Sanctus

Sanctus is the Latin word for "holy" or saint, and is the name of an important hymn of Christian liturgy.

In Western Christianity, the Sanctus is sung (or said) as the final words of the Preface of the Eucharistic Prayer, the prayer of consecration of the bread and wine. The preface, which alters according to the season, usually concludes with words describing the praise of the worshippers joining with the angels, who are pictured as praising God with the words of the Sanctus::"Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus":"Dominus Deus Sabaoth.":"Pleni sunt caeli et terra gloria tua.":"Hosanna in excelsis.":"Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini.":"Hosanna in excelsis." ["Missale Romanum" 2002, p. 517 ( [http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/pt/2s.htm#b5q electronic text] )]

The first part of the Sanctus is adapted from , describing Jesus' Palm Sunday entry into Jerusalem.

The Sanctus has been set to several plainchant melodies, of which one is given in the Roman Missal, and many composers have set it to more complex music. It constitutes a mandatory part of any mass setting.

In the Tridentine Mass the priest joins his hands while saying the word "Sanctus" and then, bowing, continues to recite the whole of the Sanctus in a lower voice, while a small bell is rung; then, on reaching the words "Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini", he stands erect again and makes the Sign of the Cross. ["Ritus servandus in celebratione Missae", VII, 8] He then continues immediately with the Canon of the Mass, while the choir, if there is one, sings the Sanctus, pausing for the Consecration and continuing with the Benedictus part afterwards.

As a result of this division, the Sanctus has sometimes been referred to as the Sanctus-Benedictus.

In the Mass as revised after the Second Vatican Council, the only ceremony prescribed for the priest is to join his hands. He and the people sing or recite together the whole of the Sanctus, before the priest begins the Eucharistic Prayer.

1973 International Commission on English in the Liturgy English version::Holy, holy, holy Lord, ::God of power and might,::heaven and earth are full of your glory.::Hosanna in the highest.::Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.::Hosanna in the highest.

English version often found in earlier hand missals::Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Hosts:::Heaven and earth are full of thy glory.::Hosanna in the highest.::Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.::Hosanna in the highest.

Note that the Sanctus should not be confused with the Trisagion.

References

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13432a.htm Article at Catholic Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/liturgical_texts/liturgy_chrysostom_greek.asp The Divine Liturgy in Greek]


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  • Sanctus — • The Sanctus is the last part of the Preface in the Mass, sung in practically every rite by the people (or choir). One of the elements of the liturgy of which exists the earliest evidence Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sanctus      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Sanctus — Sanc tus, n. [L. sanctus, p. p. of sancire.] 1. (Eccl.) A part of the Mass, or, in Protestant churches, a part of the communion service, of which the first words in Latin are Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus [Holy, holy, holy]; called also {Tersanctus} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sanctus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Sanctus (en español, Santo), llamado antiguamente Trisagio (por ser un himno en honor de la Santísima Trinidad, en la que se repite tres veces santo ), es una parte del Ordinario de la Misa católica, en concreto,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • sanctus — (Del lat. sanctus). m. Parte de la misa, después del prefacio y antes del canon, en que el sacerdote dice tres veces esta palabra. Tocan a sanctus …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Sanctus — (lat., heilig), 1) Einer, welcher durch die Gesetze vor Verletzungen gesichert ist, heilig; 2) welcher zufolge seiner Stellung unverletzlich ist; 3) welcher sich durch tugendhaftes Leben auszeichnet; bes. 4) in der Katholischen Kirche ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Sanctus — (lat., »heilig«), der aus Jes. 6, 3 entnommene Teil der kath. Messe (nach dem Anfangswort) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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