Edward Leader Williams
name = Edward Leader Williams
image_size = 180px
caption = Photograph taken in the 1880s, during construction of the Manchester Ship Canal
28 April 1828
1 January 1910
death_place = Bowdon,
Greater Manchester, England
spouse = Ellen Maria Popplewell (1852–1860)
Catherine Louisa Clinch (1862)
parents = Edward Leader Williams and Sarah Whiting
nationality = English
Sir Edward Leader Williams (
28 April 1828– 1 January 1910) was an English civil engineer, chiefly remembered as the designer of the Manchester Ship Canal, but also heavily involved in other canalprojects in north Cheshire.cite web |first=W. F. |last=Spear |coauthors=rev. Farnie, D. A. |title=Williams, Sir Edward Leader (1828–1910) |work=Oxford Dictionary of National Biography |url=http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/36920 |publisher=Oxford University Press |year=2004 |accessdate=2008-05-11]
Williams was born in
Worcesteron 28 April 1828, the son of a Worcester-based civil engineer also named Edward (responsible for works to make the River Severnnavigable; also a keen amateur artist and friend of John Constable) and his Quakerwife Sarah Whiting. His brother Benjamin Williams Leaderbecame a famous landscape artist. The family lived at Diglis House in Worcester (today the Diglis Hotel).
After attending the
Royal Grammar School WorcesterWilliams became an apprenticeto his father. In 1856 he was chosen out of 110 applicants to be chief engineer for the development of the navigable northern section of the River Weaverin Cheshire. He began to specialise in canal construction and in 1865 produced plans for enlarging the Weston Canal, a short stretch of canal linking the river near Frodshamto docks at Weston Point, Runcorn.
1 September 1872, he joined the Bridgewater Navigation Company and worked on the Bridgewater Canal.
Manchester Ship Canal
After submitting proposals in competition with another engineer (Hamilton Fulton), Williams was then appointed by
Daniel Adamsonin 1882 to design a new ship canal linking Manchesterwith the Irish Sea. Williams became chief designer and chief engineer, helping the Manchester Ship Canal Company formulate its proposals for the necessary Act of Parliament. From its initial reading in 1883, it took two years for the Bill to receive Royal Assent, and a further two years before the first construction work started, in November 1887.
The canal opened in 1894, and has been described as "a feat without precedent in modern history". [Farnie (1980), p. 1.] As well as the canal itself, major engineering landmarks of the scheme included the
Barton Swing Aqueduct(carrying the Bridgewater Canal over the Ship Canal) and a neighbouring swing bridgefor road traffic at Barton.
Williams was knighted by Queen Victoria at the official opening of the Manchester Ship Canal on
21 May 1894.
Williams' other works include the
Anderton Boat Lift(1875) near Northwichin Cheshire, which links the navigable stretch of the River Weaver with the Trent and Mersey Canal.
*cite book |last=Farnie |first=D. A. |title=The Manchester Ship Canal and the rise of the Port of Manchester |year=1980 |publisher=Manchester University Press |isbn=0-7190-0795-X
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