Official gold reserves
Gold reserves (or gold holdings) are held by
central banks as a store of value. In 2001, it was estimated that all the goldever mined totaled 145,000 tonnes. [ [http://www.gold.org/discover/knowledge/faqs/ gold knowledge/frequently asked questions] World Gold Council] One tonne of gold equated to a value of US$29.66 million as of July 2008 ($922.40/troy ounces) [ [http://finance.yahoo.com/futures?t=metals Futures - Yahoo! Finance ] ] . The total value of all gold ever mined would be $4.3 trillion at July 2008 prices.
At the end of 2004, central banks and official organizations held 19% of all above-ground
goldas a reserve asset. [" [http://www.gold.org/value/markets/supply_demand/central_banks.html Central Banks and Official Institutions] " World Gold Council] About one percent of all above-ground gold (370 metric tonnes) was mined in the first five years of the California Gold Rush(worth approximately $11 billion at July 2008 prices).http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/ghayes/goldrush.htm Mining History and Geology of the Mother Lode] ]
IMF gold reserves
IMF gold reserves refers to 3,217 tonnes of gold held by the
International Monetary Fund. It is currently priced at $42 a troy ounce ($1,370/kg) for accounting purposes, a price that was fixed in 1971 just before the Nixon administration officially delinked the U.S. dollarfrom gold and instead allowed market forces to set the dollar's worth. An attempt to revalue the gold reserve to today's value has met resistance for different reasons. For example, Canadais against the idea of revaluing the reserve, as it would flood the market with gold and therefore depress its price. [" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4242565.stm Gold falls on IMF sale concerns] "] It is also not clear whether the gold reserve is the property of the IMF or of member countries.
Privately held gold
As of September 2008,
gold exchange-traded funds held 1,039 tonnes of gold in total for private and institutional investors.
Officially reported gold reserves
The largest gold holdings in
tonnes as reported by the World Gold Councilcan be seen in the table below, per 22 September 2005 and 14 December 2007, ranked by their 2005 holdings. [http://www.gold.org/value/stats/statistics/gold_reserve/index.html Reserve asset statistics] ] The United States' holding of gold is worth approximately $241 billion (July 2008). Although the United States has the largest reserves of individual countries, in total the eurozonegold holdings are greater (11,065 tonnes as of December 2007).
Foreign exchange reserves
Sovereign wealth fund
United States Bullion Depository
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Gold as an investment
Strategic Petroleum Reserve
* The "
Moscow Gold", the reserves of the Bank of Spainsent to the Soviet Union during the Spanish Civil War.
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