Herut – The National Movement

Herut – The National Movement ( _he. חרות – התנועה הלאומית, "Herut – HaTenoa'a HaLeumit"), commonly known as just Herut, is a minor right-wing political party in Israel. Though it sees itself as the ideological successor to the historical Herut party (which merged into Likud) it is a new and separate party.


The party was formed in 1998 when Benny Begin, Michael Kleiner and David Re'em broke away from Likud during the fourteenth Knesset. The breakaway was the result of disagreements with Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu over the Wye River Memorandum and the Hebron Agreement, which had ceded land to the Palestinians. Though not an MK at the time, the new party was also backed by former Prime Minister and Herut leader, Yitzhak Shamir. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C05E0D91630F936A15750C0A96F958260 Shamir, Opposing Netanyahu, Takes Further Turn to Right] New York Times, 25 March 1999]

Herut participated in the 1999 elections as part of the National Union, a right-wing alliance of itself, Moledet and Tkuma with Begin at its head. In the simultaneous election for Prime Minister, Begin had originally planned to stand, but dropped out three days before the election to avoid splitting the right-wing vote between himself and Netanyahu (though it didn't help, as Netanyahu lost to Ehud Barak by more than 12%). In the Knesset election, the National Union won only 3% of the vote and four seats. The party's poor performance led to Begin resigning as head of the party and retiring from politics before the Knesset term began, and Herut's one allocated seat was taken by Kleiner.

During the Knesset session, Kleiner pulled out of the National Union, establishing Herut as an independent party in the Knesset. In the 2003 elections the party ran alone. It chose the ballot letters נץ, meaning "hawk", and used the slogan "the 'hawkiest' on the right". Kleiner led the list, with Baruch Marzel, a former member of the outlawed Kach party taking second place. The party won 36,202 votes, though it was only 1.1% of the total, and not enough to pass the 1.5% electoral threshold (a policy designed to favor the larger and more established political parties). Soon after Marzel left to found his own party, the Jewish National Front.

Herut participated in the 2006 elections, again with the letters נץ. This time Kleiner was joined by veteran activists Elie Yossef and Israel Cohen. The main campaign message was - "Compensation for Evacuation of Palestinians." Yana Chudriker, an immigrant from the Ukraine and beauty queen of Israel (1993) was assigned number 4 on the party list. The campaign presented Chudriker wearing a burqa as a warning against the demographic threat of Arabs to Israel and the slogan was "The Demographics Will Poison Us" (in Hebrew the words "poison" (ra'al, רעל) and "burqa" (r'ala, רעלה) sound similar). The poster's publication resulted in Attorney General Menachem Mazuz ordering the police to investigate the party for inciting racism. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1143498836386&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Mazuz: Probe Herut for incitement] Jerusalem Post, 11 April 2006] The party's television campaign also drew criticism, and segments were removed by the Central election committee. Committee chairman and Supreme Court Judge Dorit Beinisch asserted that the removed segment from the advertisement clearly made reference to a blatantly racist slogan and retorted that if aired, would most probably hurt the feelings of the Arab population. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=691357 Central Election Committe: Herut campaign ad provokes racism] Haaretz, 7 March 2006] In the election itself, the party won just 2,387 votes - 0.07%, well below the new electoral threshold of 2%.


External links

* [http://www.herut.org.il/english/index.html Official website]
* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_Eng.asp?PG=98 Party history] Knesset website

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Union (Israel) — National Union האיחוד הלאומי Leader Ya akov Katz Founded 1999 …   Wikipedia

  • Herut (disambiguation) — Herut( he. חרות, lit. Freedom ) may refer to:*Herut, the major right wing party in Israel until its merger into Likud. *Herut – The National Movement, a new Herut party created in 1998 by dissenting Likud members. *Herut, a moshav in central… …   Wikipedia

  • Herut — This article is about the political party. For other uses, see Herut (disambiguation). Herut ( he. חרות, Freedom ) was the major right wing political party in Israel from the 1940s until its formal merger into Likud in 1988, and an adherent to… …   Wikipedia

  • HERUT MOVEMENT — HERUT MOVEMENT, Israeli political party, established in June 1948, soon after the establishment of the State, by members of the Irgun Ẓeva i Le ummi on the basis of Ze ev jabotinsky s ideology. In 1949, the Revisionist Party of Israel, which had… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Movement for Greater Israel — התנועה למען ארץ ישראל השלמה Leader Avraham Yoffe Founded July 1967 Dissolved 1976 Merged into La am …   Wikipedia

  • The Hunting Season — or The Saison ( he. הסזון, short for lang fr|la saison de chasse) was the name given to the struggle conducted by the Haganah against the Irgun in late 1944, in order to force it to stop its insurgencies against the British Mandate in… …   Wikipedia

  • Herut Party — (Tenuat Haherut Freedom Movement)    A political party founded by the Irgun in June 1948 after the independence of Israel and the dissolution of the Irgun. Herut is descended from the Revisionist (New Zionist) Movement of Vladimir Ze ev… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • National List — This article is about the Israeli political party. For Sri Lankan Members of Parliament, see National List Member of Parliament. National List רשימה ממלכתית Leader David Ben Gurion (1969 1970) Yigal Hurvitz (1970 1976) Yitzhak Peretz (1981)… …   Wikipedia

  • Hérout-Le Mouvement national —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hérout. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hérout. Le Hérout Le Mouvement national (hébreu : חרות – התנועה הלאומית, Herut – HaTnu a HaLeumit), connu plus communément sous le nom de Hérout, est un parti… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.