Frumoasa, Harghita

Frumoasa
Csíkszépvíz
—  Commune  —
Frumoasa
View from the reservoir
Location of Frumoasa, Harghita
FrumoasaCsíkszépvíz is located in Romania
Frumoasa
Csíkszépvíz
Location of Frumoasa, Harghita
Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°51′0″E / 46.45°N 25.85°E / 46.45; 25.85Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°51′0″E / 46.45°N 25.85°E / 46.45; 25.85
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 – Mayor Tibor Ferencz (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 – Total 84.06 km2 (32.5 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 – Total 3,652
 – Density 43.44/km2 (112.5/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537115
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.csikszepviz.ro

Frumoasa (Hungarian: Szépvíz or Csíkszépvíz, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtʃiːkseːpviːz]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Contents

Component villages

The commune is composed of four villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Bârzava Csíkborzsova
Făgeţel Bükkloka
Frumoasa Csíkszépvíz
Nicoleşti Csíkszentmiklós

History

Statue of King Ladislaus I of Hungary on the main square

The first written mention of the village is from 1567 as Zepwyz. In 1602 it was recorded as Szépviz ("beautiful water"). Its original Romanian name derived from the Hungarian toponym as Ciuc-Sepviz which was Romanianized to its current official name in 1919.[1]

According to tradition, the village's original name was Szépmező. According to Balázs Orbán, it was founded during the reign of László I as a community of border guards for the defense of the Ghimeṣ pass, on the eastern border of the Kingdom of Hungary. The Roman Catholic chapel was built before 1694 by the Bíró family. The Roman Catholic church was built in 1892.

The village administratively belonged to Csíkszék, then, from 1876 until 1918 to the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After WWI, by the terms of the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award, it belonged to Hungary again between 1940 and 1944. After WWII, it came under Romanian administration and became part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, it formed part of the Hungarian Autonomous Province; it then formed part of the Mureş-Hungarian Autonomous Province until it was abolished in 1968. Since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics

The commune has an absolute Székely (Hungarian) majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 3,652; of which 96.39% or 3,520 are Hungarian.[2]

The village of Făgăţel has a significant population of ethnic Romanians, numbering 64 of the village's 130 inhabitants.

Tourist attractions

  • Saint Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Church
  • 'Snowy' Virgin Mary Catholic Parish Church
  • Ruins of the St. Ladislaus Gothic chapel on Pagan Mountain
  • Biró-Chapel (Craftsmen's Chapel)
  • Ski track

Twinnings

Picture gallery

References

  1. ^ János András Vistai. "Tekintő – Erdélyi Helynévkönyv". Transylvanian Toponym Book
  2. ^ "Etnikai statisztikák" (in Hungarian). Árpád E. Varga. http://varga.adatbank.transindex.ro/?pg=3&action=etnik&id=2125. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 

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