Rate of natural increase
In demographics, the rate of natural increase (RNI) is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population. If we neglect the migration, then a positive RNI number means that the population increases and a negative number means that the population decreases.
When looking at countries, it gives an idea of what position in the Demographic Transition Model, but to find out how much a country is growing, the population growth rate should be observed.
Usually developing countries have a positive or high natural increase rate. Developed countries have a negative/neutral or low natural increase rate , but many developed countries have their population increasing due to immigration despite their negative RNI.
The formula for the rate of natural increase is:
- (Crude birth rate − Crude death rate) / 10, where birth and death rates are in per mil.
The result is the rate of natural increase in percentage form.
For example, Madagascar's crude birth rate (37.89) minus the crude death rate (7.97) is 29.92; divide that by 10 and the result is 2.992%, Madagascar's rate of natural increase.
- List of countries by natural increase
List of current RNI in world states http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/138.html
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