David Herbert Donald
David Herbert Donald Born October 1, 1920
Died May 17, 2009
David Herbert Donald (October 1, 1920 – May 17, 2009) was an American historian.
Majoring in history and sociology, Donald earned his bachelor degree from Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. He earned his PhD in 1946 under the eminent, leading Lincoln scholar, James G. Randall at the University of Illinois. Randall as a mentor had a big influence on Donald's life and career, and encouraged his protege to write his dissertation on Lincoln's law partner, William Herndon. The dissertation eventually became his first book, Lincoln's Herndon, published in 1948. The effect Randall had on Donald was later illustrated by the fact that he gave his only son the middle name Randall in honor of his former mentor. After graduating, he taught at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins and, from 1973, Harvard University. He also taught at Smith College, the University of North Wales, Princeton University, University College London and served as Harmsworth Professor of American History at Oxford University. At Johns Hopkins, Columbia, and Harvard he trained dozens of graduate students including Jean H. Baker, William J. Cooper, Jr., Michael Holt, Irwin Unger, and Ari Hoogenboom.
He received the Pulitzer Prize twice (1961 and 1988), several honorary degrees, and served as president of the Southern Historical Association. Donald also served on the editorial board for the Papers of Abraham Lincoln.
David H. Donald was the Charles Warren Professor of American History (emeritus from 1991) at Harvard University. He wrote over thirty books, including well received biographies of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Wolfe and Charles Sumner. He specialized in the Civil War and Reconstruction periods, and in the history of the South.
Donald is best known for his biography of Abraham Lincoln, which has been praised by the historian Eric Foner as the best biography of Lincoln. It was praised by President Bill Clinton who called it "one of the best biographies on any person in politics." In addition, he wrote Pulitzer Prize-winning biographies of politician Charles Sumner and writer Thomas Wolfe. Weaving in a wealth of new historical material, he also revised his former mentor's classic textbook, Civil War and Reconstruction (1961, 2001).
Donald's first book Lincoln's Herndon (1948) was a biography of William Herndon, the junior partner in Abraham Lincoln's law firm in Springfield, Illinois. Herndon was Lincoln's trusted aide until Lincoln became president and, in 1889 published a highly controversial biography of Lincoln based on numerous interviews. Donald concluded that Herndon, "stands, in the backward glance of history, as myth-maker and truth-teller." In his introduction, Carl Sandburg, the poet and Lincoln biographer, hailed Donald's book as the answer to scholars' prayers: “When is someone going to do the life of Bill Herndon. Isn't it about time? Now the question is out.” David M. Potter, whose own credentials as a Lincoln scholar gave his words authority, said Donald's biography of Charles Sumner portrayed, "Sumner as a man with acute psychological inadequacies” and exposed Sumner's "facade of pompous rectitude." Donald's evenhanded approach to Sumner, Potter concluded, was a model for biographers working with a difficult subject. "If it does not make Sumner attractive [the book] certainly makes him understandable."
Donald lived in Lincoln, Massachusetts, with his wife Aida DiPace Donald, who is also a historian. He died of heart failure in Boston on May 17, 2009. Donald is survived by his son, Bruce Randall Donald, and his wife.
- Lincoln's Herndon (1948)
- Divided We Fought: A Pictorial History of the War, 1861—1865 (1952)
- Editor, Inside Lincoln's Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. (1954)
- Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era (1947, 2nd edition 1961)(ISBN 0-679-72310-2)
- Editor, Why the North Won the Civil War (1962) (ISBN 0-02-031660-7)
- Civil War and Reconstruction (1961; 2001) (ISBN 0-393-97427-8), 2001 edition with Jean H. Baker & Michael F. Holt; 1961 edition with James G. Randall.
- Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War (1960), prize-winning scholarly biography to 1860; Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man (1970), biography from 1861.
- Politics of Reconstruction, 1863-—1867 (1965)
- Look Homeward: A Life of Thomas Wolfe, Harvard University Press (2003) (ISBN 0-674-00869-3)
- Lincoln (1996) ISBN 0-684-80846-3
- Lincoln at Home: Two Glimpses of Abraham Lincoln's Domestic Life (1999) ISBN 978-0-912308-77-7
- We Are Lincoln Men: Abraham Lincoln and His Friends (2003) (ISBN 0-7432-5468-6)
- Editor with Aida DiPace Donald, Diary of Charles Francis Adams, Volumes 1 and 2, January 1820 - September 1829, Harvard University Press.
- Barnes & Noble
- Paul Goodman, "David Donald's Charles Sumner Reconsidered" in The New England Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 3. (Sep., 1964), pp. 373–387.online at JSTOR
- Ari Hoogenboom, “David Herbert Donald: A Celebration, ” in A Master's Due: Essays in Honor of David Herbert Donald, ed. William J. Cooper, Jr., et al.(Louisiana State University Press, 1985), 1—15.
- ^ a b c d Famed Lincoln Scholar David Herbert Donald Dies National Public Radio
- ^ a b c d e Grimes, William. "David Herbert Donald, Writer on Lincoln, Dies at 88", The New York Times, May 19, 2009. Accessed 19 May 2009.
- ^ "Meet Our Editorial Board". Lincoln Editor: Quarterly Newsletter of the Papers of Abraham Lincoln, July-September 2001, p. 3. http://www.papersofabrahamlincoln.org/NewsletterPDFs/EDITOR01.PDF.
- ^ Eric Foner, NPR, "All Things Considered: Three Books", February 10, 2009
- ^ Robert Allen Rutland, "David Herbert Donald," in Robert Allen Rutland, ed. Clio's Favorites: Leading Historians of the United States, 1945-2000, U of Missouri Press. (2000) pg 41
- ^ Robert Allen Rutland, "David Herbert Donald," in Clio's Favorites, pp 35–48
- David Herbert Donald, Daily Telegraph obituary
Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography (1951–1975)
- Margaret Louise Coit (1951)
- Merlo J. Pusey (1952)
- David J. Mays (1953)
- Charles A. Lindbergh (1954)
- William S. White (1955)
- Talbot Faulkner Hamlin (1956)
- John F. Kennedy (1957)
- Douglas S. Freeman, John Alexander Carroll and Mary Wells Ashworth (1958)
- Arthur Walworth (1959)
- Samuel Eliot Morison (1960)
- David Donald (1961)
- Leon Edel (1963)
- Walter Jackson Bate (1964)
- Ernest Samuels (1965)
- Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. (1966)
- Justin Kaplan (1967)
- George Frost Kennan (1968)
- Benjamin Lawrence Reid (1969)
- Thomas Harry Williams (1970)
- Lawrence Thompson (1971)
- Joseph P. Lash (1972)
- W. A. Swanberg (1973)
- Louis Sheaffer (1974)
- Robert Caro (1975)
- Complete list
Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography (1976–2000)
- R. W. B. Lewis (1976)
- John E. Mack (1977)
- Walter Jackson Bate (1978)
- Leonard Baker (1979)
- Edmund Morris (1980)
- Robert K. Massie (1981)
- William S. McFeely (1982)
- Russell Baker (1983)
- Louis R. Harlan (1984)
- Kenneth Silverman (1985)
- Elizabeth Frank (1986)
- David J. Garrow (1987)
- David Herbert Donald (1988)
- Richard Ellmann (1989)
- Sebastian de Grazia (1990)
- Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith (1991)
- Lewis B. Puller (1992)
- David McCullough (1993)
- David Levering Lewis (1994)
- Joan D. Hedrick (1995)
- Jack Miles (1996)
- Frank McCourt (1997)
- Katharine Graham (1998)
- A. Scott Berg (1999)
- Stacy Schiff (2000)
- Complete list
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
David Donald — may refer to: David Donald (footballer) (born 1987), Scottish footballer for Peterhead David Herbert Donald (1920–2009), American historian David Grahame Donald, RAF officer This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same… … Wikipedia
David McCullough — speaking at Emory University, on April 25, 2007 Born David Gaub McCullough July 7, 1933 (1933 07 07) (age 78) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania … Wikipedia
David Levering Lewis — Born May 25, 1936 (1936 05 25) (age 75) Little Rock, Arkansas, USA … Wikipedia
David Garrow — David J. Garrow (born 1953) is an American historian and author of the book Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which won the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for Biography. He is also the author of… … Wikipedia
David Bohm — David Joseph Bohm (1917 1992) Born December 20, 1917(191 … Wikipedia
Donald George Mackay — (29 June 1870 – 17 September 1958) was an Australian outdoorsman, long distance cyclist, and explorer who conducted several expeditions to the remotest areas of the Australian continent. Contents 1 Early life 2 Cycling Expedition Around Australia … Wikipedia
Herbert Hoover — Infobox President | name=Herbert Clark Hoover nationality=American order=31st President of the United States term start=March 4, 1929 term end=March 4, 1933 predecessor=Calvin Coolidge successor=Franklin D. Roosevelt order2=3rd United States… … Wikipedia
David Cameron — This article is about the British prime minister. For other uses, see David Cameron (disambiguation). The Right Honourable David Cameron MP … Wikipedia
Donald Knuth — Donald Ervin Knuth Donald Knuth at a reception for the Open Content Alliance, October 25, 2005 Born … Wikipedia
Donald J. Cram — Donald James Cram Born April 22, 1919 Chester, Vermont Died June 17, 2001 (aged 82) Palm Desert, California … Wikipedia