Martín Alonzo Pinzón
Martín Alonso Pinzón, (
Palos de la Frontera, Huelva; c. 1441 – March 1493), Spanish navigator and explorer. He sailed with Christopher Columbuson his first voyage to the New Worldin 1492, as captain of the " Pinta". [CathEncy|wstitle=Martín Alonso Pinzón]
Pinzón was born in a family of Spanish shipowners. He was the brother of
Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, and part-owner of the " Niña" and the " Pinta". Vicente was pilot on the Niña.
Pinzón suggested to Columbus a change of course for their voyage on
October 7 1492. His suggestion brought the fleet into the Bahamason October 12 1492. During the voyage to the AmericasPinzón often disobeyed the orders of Columbus. Pinzón became separated from Columbus in Cubaon November 21 1492. He probably sailed off on his own trying to make individual discoveries and to find treasures. (In fairness to Pinzon, it should be said that Columbus's voyage plan for that day - November 21st.- must have seemed pointless and rather reckless in the circumstances. Columbus was heading back towards the Bahamian islands which they had already visited. In other words Columbus seemed intent on returning to a region of islands, shoals and reefs, where they knew that sailing was difficult and dangerous and where there was little of significance to profit the voyage.) Some scholars believe that Pinzón was the first person to discover the island of Puerto Rico, based on his easterly course after separating from the other ships while in the Bahamas.
Pinzón rejoined Columbus on
January 6 1493, when the fleet was to sail back to Spain. During the voyage back to Spain, Pinzón's ship was separated from Columbus in stormy conditions, south west of the Azores. Pinzón arrived in Baionain Galicia, near Vigo, in March 1493 (after Columbus had already reached Spain, but before he had met with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella). Columbus later accused Pinzón of disloyalty. Pinzón returned to his home in Palos de la Frontera, where he died in November 1493, probably of syphilisthat he caught during the voyage.
Pinzón was a more accomplished sailor than ColumbusFact|date=July 2007 and was later granted the title "Admiral of the Seas" by the Spanish royaltyFact|date=July 2007. While Columbus is credited with the discovery of the New World, the extensive experience, navigation and seaman's skills of the Pinzón brothers, was key to the mission's success. There were later recordings of Pinzón's skill and bravery on the seas.
In popular culture
Martín Alonso Pínzon was portrayed by
Tchéky Karyoin the 1992 film".
*Louis-Théodule Begaud: "Le premier Capitaine au long cours, Martín Alonso Pinzón, associé de Christophe Colomb ; Organisateur et animateur de l'expédition de 1492", Paris 1944
*Adám Szászdi: "El descubrimiento de Puerto Rico en 1492 por Martín Alonso Pinzón", in: Revista de historia. San Juan , Año 1(1985), Nr. 2, S. 9-45.
*Domingo Gómez: "Vindicación del piloto de la carabela "Pinta", Martín Alonso Pinzón", in: Mundi hispánico. - Madrid , Año 21(1968), Nr. 241.
*Francisco Morales Padrón: "Las relaciones entre Colón y Martín Alonso Pinzón", in: Actas. - Lisboa , Vol. 3(1961), S. 433-442.
*Urs Bitterli: "Die "Wilden" und die "Zivilisierten", 3. Aufl., München 2004 ISBN ?
*Ders.: "Alte Welt - neue Welt", München 1992 ISBN ?
*Ders.: "Die Entdeckung Amerikas", 4. Aufl., München 1992 ISBN ?
*Ders.: "Die Kenntnis beider "Indien" im frühneuzeitlichen Europa", München 1991
The Pinzon Brothers
List of explorers
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Look at other dictionaries:
Martín Alonso Pinzón — Statue of Pinzón in Palos de la Frontera Born c. 1441 Palos de la Frontera, Huelva … Wikipedia
Pinzón (surname) — Pinzón is a surname, and may refer to: * Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, Martin Alonzo Pinzón and Francisco Pinzón, commonly known as The Pinzon Brothers, who were Spanish navigators that accompanied Christopher Columbus * Daniel Chanis Pinzón, former… … Wikipedia
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Pinzón — /peen thawn /, n. Martín Alonzo /mahrdd teen ah lawn thaw/, c1440 93?, and his brother, Vicente Yáñez /bee then te yah nyeth/, c1460 1524?, Spanish navigators with Christopher Columbus. * * * … Universalium
Pinzón — Pin•zón [[t]pɪnˈzoʊn[/t]] n. big Martín Alonzo, c1440–93?, and his brother, Vicente Yáñez, c1460–1524?, Spanish navigators with Christopher Columbus … From formal English to slang
Pinzón — /pinˈθɒn/ (say peen thon) noun 1. Martín Alonzo /aˈlɒnθoʊ/ (say ah lonthoh), 1440–93, Spanish navigator, who commanded the Pinta on Columbus first voyage to America (1492–93). 2. his brother, Vicente Yáñez, c.1460–c.1524, Spanish navigator, who… … Australian English dictionary
Pinzón — /peen thawn /, n. Martín Alonzo /mahrdd teen ah lawn thaw/, c1440 93?, and his brother, Vicente Yáñez /bee then te yah nyeth/, c1460 1524?, Spanish navigators with Christopher Columbus … Useful english dictionary
The Pinzon Brothers — were Spanish sailors/explorers/fishermen, natives of Palos de la Frontera. All three, Martín Alonso, Francisco Martín and Vicente Yañez, participated in Columbus s first expedition to the New World. They are noted by most historians as being… … Wikipedia
Vicente Yáñez Pinzón — (Palos de la Frontera (Spain) c. 1460 ndash; after 1523) was a Spanish navigator, explorer, and conquistador. Along with his older brother Martin Alonzo Pinzón, he sailed with Christopher Columbus on the first voyage to the New World in 1492, as… … Wikipedia
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