Philip Webb

Infobox Architect


name=Philip Speakman Webb
nationality=British
birth_date=1831
birth_place= Oxford, England
death_date=1915
death_place= Worth, Sussex, England
practice_name=
significant_buildings= Standen
Red House, Bexleyheath
significant_projects=
awards=|

Philip Speakman Webb (12 January, 1831 – 17 April 1915) was an English architect — sometimes called the 'Father of Arts and Crafts Architecture'.

Born in Oxford, Webb studied at Aynho in Northamptonshire and was then articled to firms of builder-architects in Wolverhampton and Reading, Berkshire. He then moved to London where he eventually became a junior assistant for G. E. Street. While there he met William Morris in 1856 and then started his own practice in 1858.

He is particularly noted as the designer of Red House at Bexleyheath, south-east London in 1859 for William Morris, and — towards the end of his career — the house Standen (near East Grinstead in West Sussex). These were among several works in his favoured niche: country houses.

William Morris, Edward Burne-Jones, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti were three of his fellow partners in the interior decorating and furnishing business, Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co., later to become Morris & Co.

Webb and Morris formed an important part of the Arts and Crafts movement, and founded the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings in 1877. Webb also joined Morris's revolutionary Socialist League, becoming its treasurer.

George Howard of Naworth Castle near Brampton in Cumbria was an able artist and friend of the Pre-Raphaelites, and a keen patron of Philip Webb. Webb had built two houses for his Naworth Castle Estate: Four Gables and Green Lane House, as well as his London house at 1, Palace Green. Much financial help was offered towards building a new church in Brampton by Charles Howard MP on condition that he chose the architect.

Webb's plan for St Martin's Church is quite unlike most other Victorian Churches, with the body of the church being almost square. It is the only church designed by Webb, and contains an exquisite set of stained glass windows designed by Burne-Jones, and executed in the William Morris studio.

In 1901 Philip Webb retired to the country and ceased practising. He continued to be an influence on the "school of rational builders" surrounding William Lethaby, and Ernest Gimson and his community of architect-craftsmen based at Sapperton in Gloucestershire.

Projects

*Red House (London), Bexleyheath (1859)
*Sandroyd, now Benfleet Hall, Cobham, Surrey (1860)
*Arisaig House, Highland (1863, rebuilt)
*1 Palace Green, London (1868)
*19 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London (1868)
*Joldwyns, Surrey (1873)
*Smeaton Manor, Yorkshire (1878)
*Four Gables, Green Lane House, Brampton, Cumbria
*St Martin's Church, Brampton (1878) [ [http://www.stmartinsbrampton.org.uk/ St Martin's Pre-Raphaelite Church, Brampton, Cumbria ] at www.stmartinsbrampton.org.uk]
*Conyhurst, Surrey (1885)
*Clouds House, Wiltshire (1886)
*Naworth Castle, Cumbria
*Standen, West Sussex (1892-1894)
*Bell & Co Ltd (offices), Zetland Rd, Middlesbrough (1891)
*Rounton Grange, near Middlesbrough (for Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell)
*Forthampton Court, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire (1889-92)
*Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire (1874-7)

----"Another Philip Webb — Philip Edward Webb was the architect son of leading architect Sir Aston Webb. Along with his brother, Maurice, he assisted his father towards the end of his career."

Notes


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