Novocherkassk


Novocherkassk
Novocherkassk (English)
Новочеркасск (Russian)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Novoch Triumph arc.JPG
A triumphal arch, erected to commemorate the Cossack victories over Napoleon
Map of Russia - Rostov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Rostov Oblast in Russia
Novocherkassk is located in Rostov Oblast
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Novocherkassk
Coordinates: 47°25′N 40°05′E / 47.417°N 40.083°E / 47.417; 40.083Coordinates: 47°25′N 40°05′E / 47.417°N 40.083°E / 47.417; 40.083
Coat of arms of Novocherkassk.JPG
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Rostov Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Novocherkassk Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Head of Administration[citation needed] Anatoly Volkov[citation needed]
Representative body Council of Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 100 km2 (39 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
169,039 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 108th
Population (2002 Census) 170,822 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 102nd
Density 1,690 /km2 (4,400 /sq mi)[3]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1805[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 3464xx[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 8635[citation needed]
Official website

Novocherkassk (Russian: Новочерка́сск) is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Tuzlov River and on the Aksay River. Population: 169,039 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 170,822 (2002 Census);[2] 187,973 (1989 Census);[5] 178,000 (1974); 123,000 (1959); 81,000 (1939); 52,000 (1897).

Novocherkassk was founded in 1805 by Matvei Platov, as the administrative center of the Don Voisko Lands, when the inhabitants of the stanitsa of Cherkassk were compelled to leave their abodes on the banks of the Don on account of the frequent inundations. Later Novocherkassk served as the administrative center of the Don Voisko Oblast.

During the Russian Civil War, Novocherkassk was the heart of the Don counterrevolution and was under the command of Aleksei Maksimovich Kaledin. The Red Army finally ousted the Whites from this town on January 7, 1920. During World War II, Novocherkassk was occupied by the German army between July 24, 1942 and February 13, 1943. In 1962, the local food riots were brutally suppressed by the Soviet Army in the event known as the Novocherkassk Massacre.

Novocherkassk was once an archiepiscopal see of the Greek Orthodox Church and has a cathedral (1904), the palace of the ataman of the Cossacks, and monuments to Matvei Platov and Yermak Timofeyevich (Mikeshin, 1904). During the bicentenary celebrations in September 2005 another monument, dedicated to the reconciliation of White and Red Cossacks, was opened in the presence of the members of the Romanov family.

Twin cities

Novocherkassk is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  5. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 

External links


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