Remains of the hilltop fortress Chankillo
Remains of the hilltop fortress Chankillo
Chankillo is located in Peru
Location of Chanquillo in Peru
Coordinates 9°33′24″S 78°14′09″W / 9.55667°S 78.23583°W / -9.55667; -78.23583Coordinates: 9°33′24″S 78°14′09″W / 9.55667°S 78.23583°W / -9.55667; -78.23583
Period 300 BC
Country  Peru
Region Ancash
Elevation 300 m (980 ft)
Area 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)

Chankillo is an ancient monumental complex in the Peruvian coastal desert, found in the Casma-Sechin Oasis in the Ancash Department of Peru. The ruins include the hilltop Chankillo fort, the nearby Thirteen Towers solar observatory, and residential and gathering areas. The Thirteen Towers are believed to have been a solar observatory built in the 4th century BC.[1][2] As of 2008, the culture that produced Chankillo is unnamed.[3]

The site covers about four square kilometres (1.5 square miles) and is believed to be a fortified temple that was occupied in the 4th Century BC.[4]


The Thirteen Towers solar observatory

The Thirteen Towers of Chankillo run north to south along a ridge of a low hill and are regularly spaced, forming a "toothed" horizon with narrow gaps at regular intervals. To the east and west investigators found two observation points. From these vantages, the 300m long spread of the towers along the horizon corresponds very closely to the rising and setting positions of the Sun over the year.[1][2] This suggests that some activities of the ancient civilization were regulated by a solar calendar.

The towers had been known to travelers for centuries, but the astronomical function of the towers was discovered in 2007 by Iván Ghezzi and Clive Ruggle.[5]

See also

  • List of archaeoastronomical sites by country


  1. ^ a b Ghezzi and Ruggles (2007).
  2. ^ a b BBC/Open University documentary, Broadcast March 2011, Downloadable demonstration of Towers at sunrise.
  3. ^ Atwood
  4. ^ Ghezzi (2006)
  5. ^ Atwood, Roger. " "Solar Observatory at Chankillo, Peru." Archaeology. Volume 61 Number 1, January/February 2008.


Ghezzi, Ivan (2006). "Religious Warfare at Chankillo". In William Harris Isbell and Helaine Silverman (eds.). Andean Archaeology III: North and South. New York: Springer. pp. 67–84. doi:10.1007/0-387-28940-2. ISBN 978-0-387-28939-7. OCLC 71272735. 
Ghezzi, Ivan; and Clive Ruggles (2 March 2007). "Chankillo: A 2300-Year-Old Solar Observatory in Coastal Peru". Science (Washington, DC: AAAS) 315 (5816): pp. 1239–1243. doi:10.1126/science.1136415. ISSN 0036-8075. OCLC 110607624. PMID 17332405. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chankillo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vista del observatorio solar de Chankillo Chankillo, el observatorio solar más antiguo de América, está ubicado en la costa del Perú, a 400 kilómetros de Lima. El observatorio, de una antigüedad de más de 2.000 años …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chankillo — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chankillo — Chanquillo Chanquillo que les anglophones écrivent Chankillo est un site archéologique du Pérou qui combine un observatoire solaire et un calendrier monumental du IVe siècle av. J. C.. Situé dans la Région d Ancash, il est un témoignage des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chanquillo — Chankillo, el observatorio solar más antiguo de América, está ubicado en la costa del Perú, a 400 kilómetros del norte de Lima . El observatorio, de una antigüedad de más de 2.000 años, está conformado por trece torres alineadas de norte a sur.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Чанкильо — Комплекс Чанкильо Чанкильо, исп.  …   Википедия

  • Chanquillo — 9.5566666666667 78.235833333333 Koordinaten: 9° 33′ 24″ S, 78° 14′ 9″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology — Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology.Before Common Era (B.C.)2100*Xiangfen Astronomical Observatory, Xiangfen County, Linfen City, Shanxi Province, China 1100* 11th 7th century B.C., Zhou dynasty astronomical… …   Wikipedia

  • Observatory — This article is about scientific observatories. For the suburb of Cape Town, see Observatory, Cape Town. For other uses, see The Observatory (disambiguation). The Sphinx Observatory at the Jungfraujoch in the Swiss Alps; high altitude… …   Wikipedia

  • Machu Picchu — Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu * UNESCO World Heritage Site The mountain Huayna …   Wikipedia

  • Cumbe Mayo — Kumpi Mayu Humpi Mayo Panoramic from the museum in cumbe mayo. Location …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.