Zygmunt Krasiński

Zygmunt Krasiński
Photo by Karol Beyer.
Spouse(s) Eliza Branicka
Issue
with Eliza Branicka:
Władysław Krasiński
Zygmunt Jerzy Krasinski
Maria Beatrix Krasińska
Eliza Krasinska
Full name
Napoleon Stanisław Adam Ludwig Zygmunt Krasiński
Noble family Krasiński
Father Wincenty Krasiński
Mother Maria Urszula Radziwiłł
Born 19 February 1812(1812-02-19)
Paris, France
Died 23 February 1859(1859-02-23) (aged 47)
Paris, France

Count Napoleon Stanisław Adam Ludwig Zygmunt Krasiński (Polish pronunciation: [ˈzɨɡmunt kraˈɕiɲskʲi]; Paris, France, 19 February 1812 – 23 February 1859, Paris, France), a Polish count, is traditionally ranked with Mickiewicz and Słowacki as one of Poland's Three National Bards — the trio of great Romantic poets who influenced national consciousness during the period of Poland's political bondage.

Life and work

Krasiński was the son of a general, Count Wincenty Krasiński, of the aristocratic Krasiński family. He studied law at Warsaw University and in Geneva, where he met Adam Mickiewicz.

Krasiński was more sociopolitically conservative than the other two poets. He published much of his work anonymously.

Krasiński, 1850s

He is best known for his philosophical Messianist ideas. His drama, Nie-boska Komedia (The Un-Divine Comedy, 1835), portrays the tragedy of an old-world aristocracy defeated by a new order of communism and democracy, and is a poetic prophecy of class conflict and of Russia's October Revolution (see also Okopy Świętej Trójcy); and his drama, Irydion (1836), deals, in the context of Christian ethics, with the struggle of a subjugated nation against its oppressor.

Krasiński's writings from the period are full of frenetic plots, strongly influenced by gothic fiction and Dante Alighieri. As the poet's most famous works show, he is most interested in the extreme face of human existence such as hate, desperation or solitude.

Krasiński's Agaj-Han (1834) is also well known in Poland. It is a historical-poetic novel, though unlike the historical novels which were popular in Poland, such as those of Walter Scott. Agaj-Han is filled by macabre motives, death and fratricide. Upon human life still exists tragic fate. Later (1844–1848) he wrote Psalmy Przyszłości (Psalms of the Future), in which Krasiński calls to love and charity according to Christianity.

His muse for many years was Countess Delfina Potocka (likewise a friend of Frédéric Chopin), with whom he conducted a romance from 1838 to 1846. Later she continued to be his friend, and he wrote for her Sen Cezary (published 1840) and Przedświt (Dawn's Approach, published 1843). Chopin set a poem by Krasiński as a song (see Polish songs by Frédéric Chopin).

On 26 July 1843, Krasiński married Polish Countess Eliza Branicka (1820–76).

See also

External links



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