Seventh Avenue Line (Manhattan surface)
The Seventh Avenue Line is a surface
public transitline in Manhattan, New York City, United States, connecting Lower Manhattanwith Central Park along Seventh Avenue. Once a streetcar line, it is now part of the southbound direction of the M10 and M20 bus routes.
Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroadwas chartered by the New York State Legislaturein April 1860; the authorized system consisted of two main lines - the Seventh Avenue Line and Broadway Line - connecting Broadway near City Hall with Central Park. The Seventh Avenue Line began at Seventh Avenue and 59th Street and proceeded in a general southerly direction through Seventh Avenue, Greenwich Avenue, Eighth Street, MacDougal Street, Fourth Street, Thompson Street, Canal Street, and West Broadway, with a one-way pairof single tracks in West Broadway and Barclay Streetin one direction and Chambers Street and Church Street in the other, and ending in a double track on the block of Barclay Street between Church Street and Broadway. Branches along three other streets - Broome Street, Duane Street , and Park Place - to Broadway were also authorized, and the Broadway Line shared the route north of Times Squareand south of Barclay Street (in one direction on Church Street) and Canal Street (in the other direction on West Broadway). [Chapter 513, An Act to authorize the construction of a railroad in Seventh avenue, and in certain other streets and avenues of the city of New York, passed April 17, 1860, reproduced in [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC02694036&id=HdVbGMuSqhwC A Compilation of the Ferry Leases and Railroad Grants Made by the Corporation of the City of New York] , 1860, pages 354 to 359]
The company was incorporated on
May 26, 1864,Harry James Carman, [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC39242813&id=TTwYcXTL28wC The Street Surface Railway Franchises of New York City] , pages 119 to 121] and opened the Seventh Avenue Line by the end of 1865. [ New York Times, , December 26, 1865, page 8] The initial route ran northbound on Church Street and southbound on West Broadway from Barclay Street to Chambers Street, using West Broadway in both directions to Canal Street.Fact|date=February 2007 Except in Barclay Street, the line used existing tracks already shared between the Sixth Avenue Railroad's Sixth Avenue Line and Eighth Avenue Railroad's Eighth Avenue Line south of the intersection of Canal Street and Thompson Street.Fact|date=February 2007
An 1866 law required the company to replace its double track in Fourth and Thompson Streets with a
one-way pair, the other direction using Third and Sullivan Streets between MacDougal and Canal Streets. [Chapter 500, An Act to change the route of the Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroad Company in the city of New York, reproduced in [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC25235856&id=P5EgAAAAMAAJ A Compilation of the Existing Ferry Leases and Railroad Grants Made by the Corporation of the City of New York] , 1866, pages 412 to 413] Since the block of MacDougal Street between Third and Fourth Streets was already used northbound by the Bleecker Street and Fulton Ferry Railroad's Bleecker Street Line, and the Seventh Avenue cars used that track via trackage rights, a law was passed in 1867 requiring the Seventh Avenue cars to travel in the same direction, with northbound cars in Sullivan Street, a block west of southbound cars in Thompson Street.
The line in Park Place from the one-way pair of West Broadway and Church Street east to Broadway was built later for Seventh Avenue cars, while the Broadway Line continued to use Barclay Street, one block to the south.Fact|date=February 2007
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eighth Avenue Line (Manhattan surface) — The Eighth Avenue Line is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Eighth Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Harlem. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the M10 bus route, operated by the New York City … Wikipedia
Seventh Avenue Line — may refer to any of the following transit lines: *IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (rapid transit) *Seventh Avenue Line (Brooklyn surface) (bus, formerly streetcar) *Seventh Avenue Line (Manhattan surface) (bus, formerly streetcar) … Wikipedia
Broadway Line (Lower Manhattan surface) — The Broadway Line is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Broadway and Seventh Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Central Park. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the southbound direction of the… … Wikipedia
West End Line (Brooklyn surface) — The West End Line or New Utrecht Avenue Line was a surface transit line in Brooklyn, New York City, United States, running along New Utrecht Avenue and other streets between Coney Island and Sunset Park. Built by the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney… … Wikipedia
Broadway Line (Midtown Manhattan surface) — The Broadway Line or Broadway Branch Line is a surface transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mainly along 42nd Street and Broadway from Murray Hill to Harlem. Formerly a streetcar line operated by the Third Avenue… … Wikipedia
Crosstown Line (Brooklyn surface) — The Crosstown Line is a public transit line in Brooklyn, New York City, United States, running along Van Brunt Street and Manhattan Avenue between Red Hook and Long Island City, Queens. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the B61 and the B62… … Wikipedia
181st Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line) — Infobox NYCS name = 181st Street accessible = no bg color = #11117D line = IND Eighth Avenue Line service = Eighth far north platforms = 2 side platforms tracks = 2 passengers = 3.044 million pass year = 2006 pass percent = 2 borough = Manhattan… … Wikipedia
BMT Myrtle Avenue Line — For the bus, formerly streetcar, line along Myrtle Avenue in Brooklyn, see Myrtle Avenue Line (surface). For the surface line in Queens, see Richmond Hill Line. BMT Myrtle Avenue Line The M train serves the entire BMT Myrtle Avenue Line at all… … Wikipedia
IRT Ninth Avenue Line — This article is about the elevated line. For the surface (bus, formerly streetcar) see Ninth and Amsterdam Avenues Line The Ninth Avenue El s suicide curve at 110th Street, in 1896 The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue El,… … Wikipedia
Myrtle Avenue Line (surface) — This article is about the surface line on Myrtle Avenue, from Downtown Brooklyn east to Ridgewood, Queens. For the continuation along Myrtle Avenue to Richmond Hill, Queens, see Richmond Hill Line. The Myrtle Avenue Line is a surface transit line … Wikipedia