- Pitchfork Media
Pitchfork Media URL pitchfork.com Type of site Music webzine Registration No Owner Ryan Schreiber Created by Ryan Schreiber Launched 1995 Current status Active
Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork or P4k, is a Chicago-based daily Internet publication established in 1995 that is devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. Its focus is on underground and independent music, especially indie rock. However, the range of musical genres covered extends to electronic, pop, hip hop, dance, folk, jazz, metal, and experimental music.
- 1 History
- 2 Influence
- 3 Criticism
- 4 Music festivals
- 5 Rating system
- 6 Pitchfork.tv
- 7 Pitchfork Album and Song of the Year winners
- 8 Decade Lists Songs and Albums of the Year
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Pitchfork was created in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, then just out of high school. Influenced by local fanzines and college radio station KUOM, Schreiber, who had no previous writing experience, aimed to provide the Internet with a regularly updated resource for independent music. At first bearing the name Turntable, the site was originally updated monthly with interviews and reviews. In May 1996, the site moved to the domain PitchforkMedia.com, began publishing daily, and was renamed "Pitchfork", a reference to Tony Montana's tattoo in the 1983 film Scarface.
In early 1999, Schreiber uprooted Pitchfork from its Minneapolis base and relocated to Chicago, Illinois. By then, the site had expanded to four full-length album reviews daily, as well as sporadic interviews, features, and columns. It had also begun garnering a following for both its extensive coverage of underground music and its writing style, which was often unhindered by the conventions of print journalism. In October of that year, the site added a daily music news section. Early 2009 saw a complete renovation of the website's layout and a move to a new domain, Pitchfork.com.
In 2008, the book The Pitchfork 500: Our Guide to the Greatest Songs from Punk to the Present–edited and compiled by the Pitchfork staff and freelance writers–was released.
Conversely, Pitchfork has also been seen as being a negative influence on some indie artists. As suggested in a Washington Post article in April 2006, Pitchfork's reviews can have a significant influence on an album's popularity, especially if it had previously only been available to a limited audience or had been released on an independent record label. A dismissive 0.0 review of former Dismemberment Plan vocalist Travis Morrison's debut solo album Travistan led to a large sales drop and a virtual college radio blacklist. On the other hand, as one Washington Post reporter wrote, "an endorsement from Pitchfork – which dispenses its approval one-tenth of a point at a time, up to a maximum of 10 points – is very valuable, indeed."
- Arcade Fire is among the bands most commonly cited to have benefited from a Pitchfork review. In a 2005 Chicago Tribune article, a Merge Records employee stated, "After the Pitchfork review, Funeral went out of print for about a week because we got so many orders for the record."
- Clap Your Hands Say Yeah member Lee Sargent has discussed the impact of Pitchfork's influence on their album, saying, "The thing about a publication like Pitchfork is that they can decide when that happens. You know what I mean? They can say, 'We're going to speed up the process and this is going to happen...now!' And it was a kick in the pants for us, because we lost control of everything."
- Wired magazine has attributed the success of indie rock band Broken Social Scene to editor-in-chief Ryan Schreiber's hype-generating review of the band. Frontman Kevin Drew said that, following the review, "Everyone was coming up to us, saying, 'We heard about you from Pitchfork.' It basically opened the door for us. It gave us an audience", and that the band "suddenly found [themselves] selling out venues."
One common complaint is that the site's journalism suffers from a narrow view of independent music, favoring lo-fi and often obscure indie rock and giving only cursory treatment to other genres. Some critics have accused the site of rating albums from particular music scenes or artists more favorably in order to bolster its influence when the music becomes popular.
The majority of criticism, however, is aimed at the site's album reviewing style, with the site being accused of often placing the emphasis on the reviewer's own writing and personal biases over the actual music being reviewed. Pitchfork is also known to give "0.0" ratings, deeming the work utterly worthless. One critic wrote that Pitchfork's "0.0" rating of a particular album amounts to no more than a "cheap publicity stunt" for a website that "thrives on controversy."
- When Pitchfork asked comedian David Cross to compile a list of his favorite albums, he instead provided them with a list of "Albums to Listen to While Reading Overwrought Pitchfork Reviews". In it, he satirically piled over-the-top praise on fictional indie rock records, mocking Pitchfork Media's reviewing style.
- In 2005, Aziz Ansari and Rob Heubel hosted an episode of the NYC TV indie music show New York Noise while pretending to be Pitchfork's editors in chief
- In 2004, comedy website Something Awful created a parody of Pitchfork's front page. Entitled "RichDork Media", the page makes reference to nonexistent, obscure-sounding indie-rock bands in its reviews, news headlines and advertisements. The rating system measures music on its proximity to the band Radiohead. A similar, more light-hearted parody was created by Sub Pop.
- On September 10, 2007, the satirical newspaper The Onion published a story in which Pitchfork Media founder and editor Ryan Schreiber reviews music as a whole, giving it a 6.8 out of 10.
- In Jeffrey Lewis' suicide-themed song entitled "So What?", after describing a failed jump from a bridge, he jokingly sings, "A large garbage barge comes and drops twenty tons of toxic waste on my face/And as I sink from the sun to whatever’s to come/My last sight is the bums who all change their signs into twos, threes, and ones/And after this discourse there’s a 3.6, of course it must be Pitchfork."
- On August 12, 2009, the pop culture website PopSense satirically reviewed an entire day's worth of Pitchfork content in the style of a Pitchfork review.
- In September 2009, Steamroller Media launched a website, seemingly devoted to satirizing Pitchfork. It also seems to be on hiatus since March 2010.
In August 2006, a directory on Pitchfork's servers containing over 300 albums was compromised. A person managed to discover and download the collection, which included The Decemberists' The Crane Wife and TV on the Radio's Return to Cookie Mountain, both of which had previously leaked to peer-to-peer networks. Allegedly, one of the albums on the server, Joanna Newsom's Ys, had not been available previously on file-sharing networks.
Deleted and changed reviews
Pitchfork has been criticized for deleting older reviews from their archive in an effort to keep up with the changing trends in indie music. One such example is the 9.5/10 review written for Save Ferris' album It Means Everything.
Negative reviews of two By Divine Right albums were also removed from Pitchfork after members Brendan Canning and Leslie Feist became successful with the band Broken Social Scene and their own solo work. Steven Byrd's deleted review of By Divine Right's Bless This Mess, on which Canning and Feist play bass and guitar, went so far as to compare the band to "retard(s) with a guitar" who "wouldn't know Rock and Roll if she broke into their house and beat up their children," rating the album 1.8 out of ten. After Belle & Sebastian's "comeback" in the mid-to-late 2000s, Pitchfork removed their 0.8-rated review of The Boy With the Arab Strap from the site. The reviewer lambasted the band for writing songs that were "so sticky they should be hanging from Ben Stiller's ear, and I don't mean that in a good way." The site has also removed its earlier reviews of three albums which it later rated 10.0/10: Boards of Canada's Music Has the Right to Children, DJ Shadow's Endtroducing, and Neutral Milk Hotel's In the Aeroplane Over the Sea. Pitchfork originally gave the Flaming Lips concept album Zaireeka a scathing 0.0/10 in a review that also derided all Flaming Lips fans. The review has since been deleted, and Pitchfork now praises the album. Despite an initial 5.4/10 rating, indicating a middling if not mediocre outing, Bright Eyes' 2000 release Fevers and Mirrors was later celebrated as one of the best of the decade in a list released after the band had reached new heights of critical and creative success.
Pitchfork has been criticized directly by artists for misrepresentation, most famously in 2007 by the artist M.I.A. for what she later described as "perpetuating the male-led ingenue myth" with regard to her work. Some have argued this is not isolated to Pitchfork in the music press, while this incident was later cited and similarly condemned by the artist Björk.
Intonation Music Festival
In 2005, Pitchfork curated the Intonation Music Festival, attracting approximately 15,000 attendees to Chicago's Union Park for a two-day bill featuring performances by 25 acts, including Broken Social Scene, The Decemberists, The Go! Team, and a rare appearance by Les Savy Fav.
Pitchfork Music Festival
On July 29 and 30, 2006, the publication premiered its own Pitchfork Music Festival in Union Park, Chicago. The event attracted over 18,000 attendees per day. More than 40 bands performed at the inaugural festival, including Spoon and Yo La Tengo, as well as a rare headlining set by reunited Tropicália band Os Mutantes.
The festival has been held every year since, and has featured artists such as Animal Collective, Fleet Foxes, Bon Iver, The National, The Hold Steady, !!!, Spoon, Ghostface Killah, Dinosaur Jr., Cat Power, Spiritualized, Mastodon, Yoko Ono, Stephen Malkmus, Vampire Weekend, De La Soul, Yo La Tengo, The New Pornographers, Of Montreal, Band of Horses, M. Ward, Iron and Wine, The Mountain Goats, Clipse, Girl Talk, Grizzly Bear, No Age, Ted Leo, Les Savy Fav, Devendra Banhart, Liars, and Deerhunter.
The 2009 festival, which took place in July, featured Built to Spill, The Jesus Lizard, Yo La Tengo, and Tortoise performing setlists voted on by attendees, as well as performances by The Flaming Lips, The National, Grizzly Bear, M83, The Walkmen, Yeasayer, Blitzen Trapper, The Black Lips, The Pains of Being Pure at Heart, Matt and Kim, and Pharoahe Monch.
All Tomorrow's Parties
In 2007, the Pitchfork Music Festival was expanded to three days (Friday, July 13 – Sunday, July 15), with the first day being a collaboration between Pitchfork and the UK-based production company All Tomorrow's Parties as part of the latter's "Don't Look Back" concert series, in which artists performed the content of albums in their entirety. Performers that evening included Sonic Youth playing Daydream Nation, Slint playing Spiderland, and GZA/Genius playing Liquid Swords. The collaboration continued in 2008, with Public Enemy, Sebadoh, and Mission of Burma.
Pitchfork also collaborated with All Tomorrow's Parties to co-curate the ATP vs Pitchfork festival in Camber Sands, UK.
Pitchfork's music reviews use two different rating systems:
- Album reviews are given a rating out of 10.0, specific to one decimal point. In addition, certain notable albums are rewarded with a label of "Best New Music" or "Best New Reissue".
- Individual track reviews were formerly ranked from 1 to 5 stars, but on January 15, 2007, the site introduced a new system called "Forkcast". In it, instead of assigning tracks a particular rating, reviewers labeled them: "New Music"; "Old Music"; "Video"; "Advanced Music"; "Rising"; "WTF"; their most favorably regarded songs, "On Repeat"; and for the least favored songs, "Delete". On March 12, 2009, Pitchfork switched back to an older system, rating songs in a range between 1 and 10 points. Since that time, Pitchfork has stopped using a numbered rating system for individual songs and has introduced a feature known as "Best New Tracks" which consists of a selection of notable recent songs.
Albums rated 10.0
- ...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead – Source Tags & Codes
- 12 Rods - Gay? (EP)
- The Beach Boys - The Smile Sessions
- Bonnie 'Prince' Billy – I See a Darkness
- Bob Dylan – The Bootleg Series Vol. 4: Bob Dylan Live 1966, The "Royal Albert Hall" Concert
- The Flaming Lips – The Soft Bulletin
- Robert Pollard – Relaxation of the Asshole (In the review, this album received rating of (1)0.0, giving it a dual rating of 10.0 and 0.0.)
- Radiohead -
- Amon Tobin – Bricolage
- Walt Mink – El Producto
- Kanye West - My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy
- Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Re-release and compilations:
- Beastie Boys - Paul's Boutique
- The Beatles -
- Boards of Canada – Music has the Right to Children
- Glenn Branca - The Ascension
- James Brown – Live at the Apollo
- The Clash –
- John Coltrane – The Olatunji Concert: The Last Live Recording
- Elvis Costello – This Year's Model
- The Cure - Disintegration
- The Dismemberment Plan - Emergency & I
- DJ Shadow – Endtroducing.....
- The Fall – This Nation's Saving Grace
- Serge Gainsbourg - Histoire de Melody Nelson
- Galaxie 500 - On Fire
- Joy Division –
- Kiss – Alive!
- Neutral Milk Hotel – In the Aeroplane Over the Sea
- Nirvana - Nevermind
- Pavement -
- Pink Floyd – Animals
- R.E.M. -
- Radiohead -
- The Bends
- Kid A
- OK Computer
- Otis Redding - Otis Blue
- The Replacements - Let It Be
- The Rolling Stones - Exile On Main St.
- Sonic Youth – Daydream Nation
- Spiritualized - Ladies and Gentlemen We Are Floating in Space
- Bruce Springsteen – Born to Run
- The Stone Roses - The Stone Roses
- Talk Talk - Laughing Stock
- Television – Marquee Moon
- The Velvet Underground – Loaded
- Weezer - Pinkerton
- The Who - Odds & Sods
- Wire -
- XTC – English Settlement
- Neil Young -
- Various Artists – No Thanks!: The 70s Punk Rebellion
Albums Rated 0.0
- Bachman-Turner Overdrive - Remastered Hits: The Best Of
- The Flaming Lips - Zaireeka
- (In 2002, Pitchfork published article from contributor Mark Richardson defending the album and criticizing Jason Josephes' original 1998 review of the album)
- Francisco López - Untitled #104
- JET - Shine On
- (This album was originally not given a rating. The review consisted only of a video of a chimpanzee urinating into its own mouth. Viewing the review now reveals a rating of 0.0.)
- John Frusciante - Smile From The Streets You Hold
- (The review states that the album is 'way, way out there' and explains the 0.00 rating is because the reader will have to 'call this one on their own')
- Kiss -
- Music from "The Elder"
- Peter Criss
- Liz Phair - Liz Phair
- Robert Pollard – Relaxation of the Asshole
- (In the review, this album received rating of (1)0.0, giving it a dual rating of 10.0 and 0.0.)
- Sonic Youth - NYC Ghosts & Flowers
- Travis Morrison - Travistan
- Various Artists - This Is Next
On April 7, 2008, Pitchfork Media launched Pitchfork.tv, a website displaying videos and original content related to independent music acts. On March 12, 2009, Pitchfork.tv was incorporated into Pitchfork's new domain, Pitchfork.com.
Pitchfork Album and Song of the Year winners
Pitchfork Album of the Year
Year Artist Album Source 2000 Radiohead Kid A  2001 The Microphones The Glow Pt. 2  2002 Interpol Turn on the Bright Lights  2003 The Rapture Echoes  2004 Arcade Fire Funeral  2005 Sufjan Stevens Illinois  2006 The Knife Silent Shout  2007 Panda Bear Person Pitch  2008 Fleet Foxes Sun Giant/Fleet Foxes  2009 Animal Collective Merriweather Post Pavilion  2010 Kanye West My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy 
Pitchfork Song of the Year
Year Artist Song Source 2003 Outkast "Hey Ya!"  2004 Annie "Heartbeat"  2005 Antony & The Johnsons "Hope There's Someone"  2006 Justin Timberlake featuring T.I. "My Love"  2007 LCD Soundsystem "All My Friends"  2008 Hercules and Love Affair "Blind"  2009 Animal Collective "My Girls"  2010 Ariel Pink's Haunted Graffiti "Round and Round" 
Decade Lists Songs and Albums of the Year
These Song and Album of the Year positions are taken from Pitchfork's decade lists.
Decade List Albums of the Year
Bold indicates that album got a 'perfect' rating (10.0).
Decade List Songs of the Year
Pitchfork Albums of the Decade
Bold indicates that the album got a 'perfect' score (10.0).
# Artist Album Country of Origin Rating 1970's David Bowie Low England NA 1980's Sonic Youth Daydream Nation United States 10.0 1990's Radiohead OK Computer England 10.0 2000's Radiohead Kid A England 10.0
Pitchfork Songs of the Decade
# Artist Song Country of Origin 1960's The Beach Boys God Only Knows United States 1990's Pavement Gold Soundz United States 2000's OutKast B.O.B. United States
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