Thicket Tinamou

Thicket Tinamou
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Crypturellus
Species: C. cinnamomeus
Binomial name
Crypturellus cinnamomeus
(Lesson, 1842)[2]
Sub-species

C. c. cinnamomeus
(Lesson, 1842)[2]
C. c. occidentalis
(Salvadori, 1895)[2]
C. c. mexicanus
(Salvadori, 1895)[2]
C. c. sallaei
(Bonaparte, 1856)[2]
C. c. golmani
(Nelson, 1901)[2]
C. c. soconuscensis
(Brodkorb, 1939)[2]
C. c. vicinior
(Conover, 1933)[2]
C. c. delattrii
(Bonaparte, 1854)[2]
C. c. praepes
(Bangs & Peters, 1927)[2]

Synonyms

Tinamus cinnamomeus[3]
Nothura cinnamomeus[3]

The Thicket Tinamou or Rufescent Tinamou, Crypturellus cinnamomeus, is a type of Tinamou commonly found in moist forests in subtropical and tropical Central Mexico.[4] Although the Thicket Tinamou is recognized by most authorities, the SACC still classifies this bird as a sub-species of Crypturellus erythropus, Red-legged Tinamou.[5]

Contents

Taxonomy

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[6]

René-Primevère Lesson identified the Thicket Tinamou from a specimen from La Unión, El Salvador., in 1842.[6]

Subspecies

The Thicket Tinamou has many subspecies as follows:

Etymology

Crypturellus is formed from three Latin or Greek words. kruptos (κρυπτός) meaning covered or hidden, oura meaning tail, and ellus meaning diminutive. Therefore Crypturellus means small hidden tail.[7]

Description

The Thicket Tinamou is 27–29 cm (11–11 in) in length and weighs 440 g (16 oz).[6] Its upper parts are brown, heavily barred blackish on back, rump and wings. Its lowerparts pale brown, cinnamon on breast, greyer on belly and undertail whitish with dark barring. Its head brown with prominent buff supercilium and well-defined ear covert patch with bill brownish and legs red in color.

Behavior

The species has a monotonous voice ‘whoo-oo’, sounding like a steam engine. The Thicket Tinamou can be found in pairs, families or as a solitary bird and like most Tinamous it prefers to walk than fly.[6]

Feeding

Like most Tinamous, it will eat fruit, seeds and invertebrates.[6]

Reproduction

Like most Tinamous, it will place its nest on the ground alongside raised roots. It will contain around three eggs, but as many as seven, that are glossy and purple in color. This species and the Slaty-breasted Tinamou will produce hybrids.[6]

Range

This species ranges from Sinaloa, (coastal strip, western Mexico), to Costa Rica, and eastern coastal Mexico, from the United States border into Belize. In the southern part of its range it ventures into the highlands as well.[4]

Habitat

This species prefers moist lowland forest, gallery forest, deciduous forest, and secondary forest[3] in subtropical and tropical regions, but will be found in shrubland and drier forests up to 1,850 m (6,070 ft) altitude.[6][8]

Conservation

The IUCN lists this bird as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 600,000 km2 (230,000 sq mi).[8]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c American Ornithologists' Union (1998)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Clements, J (2007)
  5. ^ Gill, F. (2009)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  7. ^ Gotch, A. F. (1195)
  8. ^ a b BirdLand International (2008)(a)

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • thicket tinamou — krūmyninis tinamas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Crypturellus cinnamomeus angl. thicket tinamou vok. Buschtinamu, m; Zimttinamu, m rus. кустарниковый криптуреллус, m pranc. tinamou cannelle, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • thicket tinamou — noun A tinamou, Crypturellus cinnamomeus …   Wiktionary

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  • tinamou cannelle — krūmyninis tinamas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Crypturellus cinnamomeus angl. thicket tinamou vok. Buschtinamu, m; Zimttinamu, m rus. кустарниковый криптуреллус, m pranc. tinamou cannelle, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Red-legged Tinamou — Illustration by Keulemans, 1895 Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Slaty-breasted Tinamou — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Little Tinamou — Conservation status Least Concern (IUC …   Wikipedia

  • Magdalena Tinamou — Conservation status Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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