Borvo

In classical Celtic polytheism, Borvo (also Bormo Bormanus Bormanicus Borbanus Boruoboendua Vabusoa Labbonus Borus) was a healing deity associated with bubbling spring water [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/rac/rac06.htm The Religion of the Ancient Celts: Chapter III. The Gods of Gaul and the Continental Celts ] ] .

Centres of worship

In Gaul, he was particularly worshipped at Bourbonne-les-Bains, in the territory of the Lingones, where ten inscriptions are recorded.Two other inscriptions are recorded, one (CIL 13, 02901) from Entrains-sur-Nohain and the other (CIL 12, 02443) from Aix-en-Savoie in Gallia Narbonensis. [Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL), 12: "Gallia Narbonensis".] Votive tablets inscribed ‘Borvo’ show that the offerers desired healing for themselves or others . Many of the sites where offerings to Borvo have been found are in Gaul: inscriptions to him have been found in Drôme at Aix-en-Diois, Bouches-du-Rhône at Aix-en-Provence, Gers at Auch, Savoie at Aix-les-Bains, Saône-et-Loire at Bourbon-Lancy, in Savoie at Aix-les-Bains, Haute-Marne at Bourbonne-les-Bains and in Nièvre at Entrains [www.mythofrancaise.asso.fr/mythes/themes/divcelt2.htm] ] . However, findings have also been uncovered in the Netherlands at Utrecht, where he is called Boruoboendua Vabusoa Labbonus, and in Portugal at Caldas de Vizella and at Idanha a Velha, where he is called Borus and identified with Mars . At Aix-en-Provence, he was referred to as Borbanus and Bormanus but at Caldas de Vizella in Portugal, he was hailed as Bormanicus .

Epithets

In all of his centres of worship where he is assimilated to a Roman god, Borvo was equated with Apollo, . Many local gods were identified with Apollo in his capacity of god of healing . He bore similarities to the goddess Sirona, who was also a healing deity associated with mineral springs [Paul-Marie Duval. 1957-1993. "Les dieux de la Gaule." Presses Universitaires de France / Éditions Payot. Paris.] , but he is clearly distinct from her. Variant forms of his name include Bormo and Bormanus (in Gaul) and Bormanicus (in Portugal). The names Bormanus, Bormo and Borvo are found on inscriptions as names of river or fountain gods [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/rac/rac15.htm The Religion of the Ancient Celts: Chapter XII. River and Well Worship ] ] .

Divine entourage

Borvo was frequently associated with a divine consort. Eight of the inscriptions mention the goddess Damona. Here is an example of one of them (CIL 13, 05911):

:"Deo Apol/lini Borvoni / et Damonae / C(aius) Daminius / Ferox civis / Lingonus ex / voto"Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL), 13: "Tres Galliae et Germanae".]

In other areas, Borvo's partner is the goddess Bormana. Bormana was, in some areas, worshipped independently of her male counterpart [Miranda Green. "Dictionary of Celtic Myth and Legend." Thames and Hudson Ltd. London. 1997] . Gods like Borvo, and others, equated with Apollo, presided over healing springs, and they are usually associated with goddesses, as their husbands or sons . He is found in Drôme at Aix-en-Diois with Bormana and in Saône-et-Loire at Bourbon-Lancy and in Haute-Marne at Bourbonne-les-Bains with Damona but he is accompanied by the ‘candid spirit’ Candidus in Nièvre at Entrains . In the Netherlands at Utrecht as Boruoboendua Vabusoa Lobbonus, he is found in the company of a Celtic Hercules, Macusanus and Baldruus .

Etymology

The variants "Borus ~ Borvo ~ Bormo ~ Bormanus" seem to be based on a root *"boru"-. This root in turn is thought to be a variant of the Proto-Celtic root *"beru"- ‘boil’ and may have meant ‘to bubble.’ Cognate with the names is the Welsh "berw" ‘boiling.’ and the Goidelic "bruich", ‘boil, cook’ [ [http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/mb05.html#bruich MacBain's Dictionary - Section 5 ] ] . The words are variants of a Proto-Indo-European base *"bhreue"- ‘to bubble, boil, effervesce’ (cf. Skt. "Bhurnih" ‘violent, passionate,’ Gk. "Phrear" ‘well, spring,’ L. "fervere" ‘to boil, foam,’ Thracian Gk. "Brytos" ‘fermented liquor made from barley;’ O.E. "beorma" ‘yeast;’ O.H.G. "brato" ‘roast meat’ ) from which the English word "brew" also derives [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=brew&searchmode=none Online Etymology Dictionary ] ] . The Proto-Celtic forms of the name variants most probably were *"Boru-s", *"Borwon"-, *"Borumāno-s" and *"Borumān-iko-s" and the names most probably meant the ‘Bubbler.’ The base of these names is furthermore the source of the name of the River Barrow. In Irish, the river is called "Bearú", the ‘Boiling, Bubbling’ and in Irish mythology it was Dian Cecht, a great healer of the Tuatha Dé Danann, who first caused the river to ‘boil’ [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/cml/cml09.htm Celtic Myth and
]
] . *"Borvo"- is the stem Macbain reconstructs for the Irish "borbhan", ‘a purling sound,’ and which he also relates to the Welsh "berw", ‘seethe,’ French "Bourbon" and the Latin "fervo", ‘boil’ [ [http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/mb04.html#borbhan MacBain's Dictionary - Section 4 ] ] .

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BORVO — BORV Dans la mythologie celtique, Borvo, Bormo ou encore Bormanus est connu en tant que surnom d’Apollon par une dizaine d’inscriptions gallo romaines et des toponymes divers: Borvo ialum , La Bourboule (Puy de Dôme); Borvo cetum , Burtscheid… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Borvo — Dans la mythologie celtique gauloise, Borvo (connu aussi sous les graphies Bormo, Boramus ou Borvoni) est un dieu guérisseur, associé à l’eau. Sommaire 1 Onomastique 1.1 Etymologie 1.2 Toponymie 2 Fonctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Borvo —    A god of hot springs associated with the continental Celts, equated by the Romans with Apollo. He seems to have arisen as the son of an earlier goddess Sirona or Dirona. The word borvo means to boil …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Borvo —    From Celtic mythology, a water god, especially of springs and some rivers …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Nicole Borvo — Cohen Seat Nicole Borvo Cohen Seat Parlementaire français Naissance 8 décembre 1945 (63 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicole Borvo Cohen-Seat — Mandats Sénatrice de Paris Actuellement en fonction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicole Borvo — (born 8 December 1945) is a member of the Senate of France, representing Paris. She is a member of the Communist, Republican, and Citizen Group. References Page on the Senate website …   Wikipedia

  • Bormo — Bormo, auch Borvo, Bormanus oder deus Bormanicus (im heutigen Portugal), ist der Name eines keltischen Heil Gottes. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Etymologie und Mythologie 2 Weiheinschriften 3 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agecanonix — Liste des personnages d Astérix le Gaulois Voici la liste des personnages de la bande dessinée Astérix le Gaulois par René Goscinny et Albert Uderzo, classés par ordre alphabétique. Sommaire 1 Personnages du village 1.1 Abraracourcix 1.2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agécanonix — Liste des personnages d Astérix le Gaulois Voici la liste des personnages de la bande dessinée Astérix le Gaulois par René Goscinny et Albert Uderzo, classés par ordre alphabétique. Sommaire 1 Personnages du village 1.1 Abraracourcix 1.2… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.