Gernrode

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
image_photo =
Wappen = Wappen Gernrode.svg
lat_deg = 51 |lat_min = 43 |lat_sec = 28
lon_deg = 11 |lon_min = 8 |lon_sec = 21
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Sachsen-Anhalt
Landkreis = Harz
Verwaltungsgemeinschaft = Gernrode/Harz
Höhe = 217
Fläche = 34.07
Einwohner = 3897
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 06507
Vorwahl = 039485
Kfz = HZ
Website = [http://vgm-gernrode-harz.de/ vgm-gernrode-harz.de]
Bürgermeister = Werner Grundmann
Partei = FDP

Gernrode is a town in Germany, in the district of Harz, Saxony-Anhalt. The town was first mentioned in 961 and became a city (received "Stadtrecht") in 1539. Gernrode is 9 km south of Quedlinburg in the Harz mountains and has state recognition as a spa town, where one may take the cure and recuperate in general ("staatlich anerkannter Kur- und Erholungsort"). It is perhaps best known today for the Ottonian / Romanesque church of St. Cyriacus, and as the start of the Selketalbahn narrow gauge railway.

The city is also known as 'Gernrode/Harz', because of its location in the Harz mountains, and to distinguish it from the other Gernrode in the district of Eichsfeld in Thuringia, also called 'Gernrode (Eichsfeld)'.

Gernrode is the seat of the "Verwaltungsgemeinschaft" ("collective municipality") Gernrode/Harz.

History

Margrave Gero founded the convent of St. Cyriacus ("St. Cyriakus") in 960 (within the grounds of the fortifications built about the same time). Gero also founded the collegiate church of St. Cyriacus for the convent, which the Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, the Great took under his special protection in 961. Gero brought back relics of St. Cyriacus for the church from his second trip to Rome in 963. The convent was disbanded in 1570, when the last abbess married. The collegiate church of St. Cyriacus still contains the grave of Gero, and is one of the oldest and best preserved examples of ottonian and romanesque architecture in Germany. The church was restored from 1858 to 1874.

Additions to the church in the 11th and 12th centuries, include the west crypt, side galleries, and the two-storey cloisters. There is a chapel from about this time period in the southern aisle of the nave with a copy of the grave of Christ (a representation of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem), which is one of the oldest of its kind in Germany. The church was the first north of the Alps to have a triforium gallery in the nave, and also the first to have alternating columns and pillars (a hallmark of saxon churches).

Emperor Barbarossa, who stayed in Gernrode in 1188, donated a bell in that year to the St. Stephan church ("Stephanikirche", also known as the Market church or "Marktkirche"), the second historical church in the city. The church was built in 1046, and has been an elementary school since 1847.

Gernrode received brewing rights in 1545. Beer brewing has since stopped, but a distillery is still present in the city. The city was traditionally part of the duchy of Anhalt and a district of Ballenstedt. From 1037 to 1740 lead and silver were mined here. Matches and guns were also made in Gernrode.

The Protestant Reformation came to Anhalt and Gernrode in 1521. A Protestant elementary school was founded in 1533. The building was used as a school until 1847, and may be the oldest such school in Germany. Parts of Gernrode were burnt in the Thirty Years' War (twice, in 1631 and 1635). It had 2,533 Protestant inhabitants in 1885.

In 1945, at the end of the Second World War, Gernrode was taken by American troops without a battle, followed by occupation by Soviet troops. Gernrode celebrated its 1,000th year in 1961 and 450th year as a city in 1989. It was part of East Germany from 1949 until German Reunification in 1990. In 2001, celebrations to honour Otto I were held.

Gernrode today and the Selketalbahn

Gernrode is nationally recognized for its health facilities and is the seat of the integrated administrative region of [http://vgm-gernrode-harz.de Gernrode/Harz] .

Gernrode lies 215 m above sea level, at the foot of the Stubenberg mountains. It is the starting point of the Selketalbahn (or "Selke valley railway"), a narrow-gauge railway which is interesting both technically and for tourists. The line was built in 1887 and after initially climbing through the mountains, follows the Selke river valley and the line of the Trasse de Harz. The line passes through the communities of Mädgesprung (where the line joins the river Selke) and Alexisbad and beyond to Stiege. The total length from Gernrode to Stiege is 35 km. There are branch lines to Harzgerode (from Alexisbad) and Hasselfelde (from Stiege, where there is also a link to the narrow gauge Harzquerbahn). It is the oldest narrow-gauge railway in the Harz mountains and is served by a combination of old and more modern diesel locomotives. It is not just a tourist line, as freight is also transported. This line was extended to Quedlinburg in 2006, by rebuilding the standard gauge railway previously operated by the Deutsche Bahn.

Newer attractions include the giant cuckoo clock (whose cuckoo appears every fifteen minutes), which was listed in the Guinness Book of Records in 1998. This is part of a clock factory, which also incorporates a giant weather house indicating current weather conditions. Other local attractions include a 7.45 m giant wood thermometer, and the largest Skat table in the world.

References

* Gordon McLachlan, "Germany: The Rough Guide", Rough Guide, 1992.
* J.J.M. Timmers, "A Handbook of Romanesque Art", Harper and Row, 1976.
*

External links

* [http://www.gernrode.de/ Official website]
* [http://vgm-gernrode-harz.de/Tourismus/karteneu.jpgGeneral map of the region around Gernrode]
* [http://www.gernrode-info.de/Chronik/body_chronik.html Chronicles on Gernrode ] de icon
* [http://www.stiftskirche-gernrode.de/ Collegiate church of St. Cyriacus] de icon
* [http://www.cyriac-fhp.com/csx.htm St. Cyriacus at the Baths web site ]
* [http://www.selketalbahn.de/english/index.htm Friends of the Selketalbahn]
* [http://www.hsb-wr.de/graphic/stbprofi.gifElevation Profile of the Selketalbahn]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gernrode — Gernrode …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gernrode — ist der Name folgender Orte: Gernrode (Eichsfeld), Gemeinde im Landkreis Eichsfeld, Thüringen Gernrode (Quedlinburg), Ortsteil von Quedlinburg im Landkreis Harz, Sachsen Anhalt Stift Gernrode das in vorstehendem Ort liegende Damenstift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gernrode — Gernrode,   Stadt im Landkreis Quedlinburg, Sachsen Anhalt, 200 320 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Nordrand des Ostharzes, 3 700 Einwohner; Erholungsort; Leichtindustrie (u. a. Uhrenfabrik); Selketalbahn (Schmalspurbahn; Harz) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gernrode — Gernrode, Stadt und Luftkurort im Herzogtum Anhalt, Kreis Ballenstedt, am Fuß des Stubenbergs, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinie Quedlinburg Frose und der Eisenbahn Gernrode Harzgerode, 224 m ü. M., hat eine Wasserheilanstalt, eine Fabrik für… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gernrode — Gernrode, 1) Amt mit 3350 u. 2) Stadt im obern Herzogthum Anhalt Bernburg, am Fuße des Stubenberges, hat Fabriken für Gewehre, Maschinen, Streichhölzchen; in der Stiftskirche Grab des Markgrafen Gero; 2200 Ew.; dabei das Beringerbad, eine starke… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gernrode — Gernrode, Stadt im anhalt. Kr. Ballenstedt, am Fuße des Unterharzes, unter dem Stubenberg, (1900) 2966 E., roman. Stiftskirche [Tafel: Romanischer Stil I, 4], 1859 erneuert, Wasserheilanstalt; die bis 1614 reichsfreie Frauenabtei wurde 960 von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gernrode — Gernrode, Anhalt Bernburg. Städtlein mit 2500 E.; Frauenkloster, um 960 von dem Markgrafen Gero gestiftet, 1614 säcularisirt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gernrode — 1 Original name in latin Gernrode Name in other language Bad Gernrode, Gernrode, Gernrode am Harz, ge er en luo de, Гернроде State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 51.72575 latitude 11.13876 altitude 211 Population 3947 Date 2009 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gernrode (Quedlinburg) — Gernrode Stadt Quedlinburg Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gernrode (Eichsfeld) — Gernrode …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.