Insurance patent


Insurance patent

Under some patent laws, patents may be obtained for insurance-related inventions. Historically, patents could only cover the technological aspects of a new insurance invention. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/30/technology/30PATE.html?ei=5007&en=01b31db998d0242c&ex=1372392000&partner=USERLAND&pagewanted=print&position= Chartrand, Sabra "Protecting Ideas in the Insurance Business" New York Times June 30, 2003] ] This is still the case in most countries. In the United States, however, recent court decisions have encouraged more inventors to file patent applications on methods of doing business. These patents may be used to get more comprehensive coverage of improvements in basic insurance processes, such as the methods of calculating premiums, reserves, underwriting, etc. This is causing controversy in the insurance industry as some see it as a positive development and others see it as a negative development.

History

An early example of an insurance patent is US patent|467872 [http://www.google.com/patents?vid=USPAT467872&id=0TZqAAAAEBAJ&pg=PP1&dq=%22insurance+policy%22&num=100&as_drrb_
] . This patent was issued in 1892. It discloses a means for selling travelers' insurance by combining coupons with a newspaper.

A more recent example of an insurance patent is Cite patent|EP|0700009|application, granted as Cite patent|EP|0700009B "Individual evaluation system for motorcar risk". This patent issued by the European Patent Office in 1996 to Salvador Minguijon Perez. It discloses a means for auto insurance risk selection whereby a driver’s mileage and driving behavior are monitored and insurance premiums are charged accordingly. The United Kingdom part of this European patent has been sold to Norwich Union insurance company. They have since introduced a commercial insurance product call Pay as You Drive.

Growth

Historically, only about one or two patents per year issued in the US on inventions specifically related to insurance policies. [ [http://www.google.com/patents?q=%22insurance+policy%22 Google patent search on “insurance policy”] ]

This changed dramatically, however, with the 1998 State Street Bank Decision. The State Street Bank Decision was a ruling by the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit that confirmed that there was no “business method exception” under United States patent law. The number of patent applications filed per year after this decision was handed down jumped to about 150. The number of patents issuing per year jumped to about 30. [ [http://www.marketsandpatents.com/IPB-02152007.mht Insurance IP Bulletin, February 2007, “Statistics”] ]

Litigation

In September 2006, Lincoln National Corporation filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Transamerica Life Insurance Company for allegedly infringing US patent|7089201, “Method and apparatus for providing retirement income benefits”. [ [http://www.foley.com/publications/pub_detail.aspx?pubid=3598| David G. Luettgen, “Foley Sponsors Conference on Business Method Patents for the Financial Services Industry”, Sept. 12, 2006] ] This patent covers methods for administering variable annuities. The lawsuit is pending.

Controversy

Some in the insurance industry see the growth in insurance patents as a positive development. They cite that by being able to protect inventions, insurance companies will be more inclined to invest in new product development [ [http://www.marketsandpatents.com/Patents%20Pending%20Insurers%20No%20Longer%20Enjoy%20%20AM%20Best%20June%202004%20(1).pdf Bowers, Barbara “Patents Pending, Insurers no longer enjoy open season on the product innovations of competitors.” Best’s Review June 2004] ] .

Some are concerned that the growth in patent claims will be negative. They are concerned that invalid patents will issue and that this will lead to patent trolls inhibiting new product introductions by demanding excessive license fees for these questionable patents. [ [http://www.insurancenetworking.com/protected/article.cfm?articleId=3505 Rutkowski, Therese, “Carriers Unaware of IP Ownership Threats and Opportunities”, Insurance Networking News, August 2005] ]

Notable patents

*Cite patent|EP|0700009 “Individual evaluation system for motorcar risk”. First patent on telematic automobile insurance. Commercialized as PAYD auto insurance in the UK.
*Cite patent|US|6235176 “Computer apparatus and method for defined contribution and profit sharing pension and disability plan”. Patented disability insurance for a defined contribution pension plans. Adopted by IBM for their employees.

References

ee also

* Insurance
* Business method patent


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