The Scrameustache is a
fictional character in a science-fiction Franco-Belgian comicsseries of the same name. He was created by the Belgianartist Gos. Gos has written and drawn all the Scrameustache's adventures since 1972. Since the mid-1980s he has been assisted by his son Walt. Another son, Benoit has contributed as colourist. It is a popular, ongoing series.
The adventures of the Scrameustache first started in issue 1806 of "
Spirou magazine" in November 1972under the title "Khéna et le Scrameustache" ("Khena and the Scrameustache")."Dictionnaire mondial de la Bd" ("World Dictionary of Comics") by Patrick Gaumer and Claude Moliterni, ISBN-10: 203750019X, ISBN-13: 978-2037500197] The story tells of how Khena, a young Peruvian boy living in Europe, meets a cat-like alien who has come to Earth in his own flying saucer. Khena lives with his adopted father Uncle Georges in the small town of Chambon-Les-Roses and the Scrameustache moves in with them.
What made it a little different from most Earth-kid-meets-alien stories was that a certain amount of mystery surrounded Khena himself. As a toddler he had been found in the remains of an
earthquakein Peru. He was then adopted by Georges Caillau, a European scholar, archaeologistand ethnologist. Some ten years later, Khena met the Scrameustache and proved himself resistant to the alien's (non-lethal) weapons and other technology. This resistance made the Scrameustache curious and he stuck around hoping that time would provide an explanation.
Title and Names
Khena's name was later dropped from the title of the series which is now just called "Le Scrameustache". He does however remain a leading character, some of the stories looking at his development from a boy in his early teens to an actual teenager.
The name "Khena" is taken from the word
Quenawhich is an Inca flute.
The name "Scrameustache" does not appear to be based on any puns or wordplays. Gos claims that he simply came up with strange names as part of a game with friends. [TV interview] The same could be said about the "
Smurfs", or "Schtroumpfs", created by Peyo, and which Gos worked on for a while."Dictionnaire mondial de la Bd" ("World Dictionary of Comics") by Patrick Gaumer and Claude Moliterni, ISBN-10: 203750019X, ISBN-13: 978-2037500197]
Khena's adoptive father is Uncle Georges Caillau. "Caillau" sounds like "caillou" which is the French for "
stone". In "Le dilemme de Khéna" ("Khena's Dilemma"), the young man indicates that George is descended from an aristocratic family called de la Roche ("Roche" being the French for "rock")
The Scrameustache series is very popular amongst
elementary schoolchildren in several francophonecountries.
Apart from their humour and science-fiction content, many of the stories display an interest in
archaeologyand are set in archaeological sites. Some of the early adventures were based on the theories popularised by Erich von Dänikenthat ancient civilisations were influenced by visitors from space (see ancient astronaut theory).
The World of the Scrameustache
Over the years, Gos has expanded the Scrameustache's universe, with him and Khena travelling to other planets and mixing with other aliens, above all the Galaxians.
Using his saucer, he and Khena divide their time between Earth, planet Aktarka and its two neighbouring moons. Aktarka has only one major land mass and is thus sometimes referred to as the Continent of the Two Moons.
Uncle Georges lives on Earth; some human friends live on Aktarka; the friendly Galaxians live on one of the moons; and the warlike Kromoks and the scheming Stixes live on the other.
The Scrameustache is a genetically-created hybrid alien who resembles an upright cat. His feet are furry and hand-like and he can use them to grasp hold of
handrails and other similar supports, in a way similar to a monkey. He was created by Najboul, a human scientist of planet Aktarka, who used elements of his planet's various species.
Aktarka's biggest mainland is known as the Continent of the Two Moons, and that is where the Scrameustache was trained as an
astronaut. He later went to Earth on an undefined mission. It is hinted that the Aktarkian leaders feared his superior intelligence would turn against them and thus sent him into some kind of unofficial exile. [A remark made by an Aktarkian leader in "Le continent des deux lunes" ("The Continent of the Two Moons"), published in 1974]
He now lives on Earth with Khena and Uncle Georges Caillau and is known to some of the locals.
The Scrameustache is a highly intelligent and charming character, always willing to go out of his way to help his friends. But he can also be cheeky and mischievous at times, especially towards Uncle Georges.
Clothing and Equipment
The Scrameustache wears a blue
jumpsuitand an anti-gravity belt which slows down his falls. He does not wear shoes, except in winter time.
His main article is a bright red helmet with a brainwave-activated lamp that can be used to illuminate at will. It can also shoot a laser which paralyses people, turning then into pillars of salt for a short time. This is quite harmless unless they happen to be near water, in which case parts of their bodies may shrink as a result.
The aerials on the helmet can be used for communicating or listening into radio-emitted conversations, but this requires a certain amount of concentration on the part of the wearer.
His flying saucer is for intergalactic exploration and, by applying theories and calculations based on
faster-than-lighttravel, can go back in time. He also has a two-seater wheel-less car-like vehicle called the Passe-partout which can fly within a breathable atmosphere.
Tobor is a robot owned by the Scrameustache. His "mouth" has the same functions as the Scrameustache's helmet "lamp": i.e. he can turn people temporarily into salt. He is also capable of flight.
Khena was found as a toddler in the remains of an earthquake in
Peru. He was adopted by Georges Caillau. He first met the Scrameustache when he was in his early teens.
A later adventure established that Khena was himself an alien who came from Aktarka, the same planet as his cat-like friend ! (There are hints in the earlier storyline that Gos intended this from the start.)
Khena and the Scrameustache now spend much of their time travelling to Aktarka and other planets to visit friends and relatives. But their main home is still on Earth where they loyally stick by Uncle Georges.
Uncle Georges Caillau is a European
scholar, archaeologistand ethnologist. He adopted Khena while on an archaeological dig in Peru. He refrains from space travelling if he can avoid it and finds journeys back in time a bit nerve-racking. Although a very decent man he is quick-tempered at times, and especially finds his son's alien friends a bit of a handful. (On one occasion the Scrameustache unintentionally produced a clone of himself: "As if one wasn't enough !" groaned Uncle Georges. ["L'Antre de Satic" ("Satic's Lair"), published in 2005] )
The Galaxians are friendly, little green people who live on one of the moons that orbit planet Aktarka. Khena and the Scrameustache frequently visit them.
Galaxian society is very democratic, even in the sharing of tasks: for example, while away on missions, the crew members of a space ship take it in turn to be the ship's captain, or Chief-of-the-Day. The annual
head of stateis called the Prince-of-the-Year and is the Galaxian who received the most merit points over the past year.
In overall charge is the Council of Elders which is made up of five older long-bearded Galaxians. However, they are not as wise as they would like to make out and one or two of them are quite
senile; in fact a lot of their time is spent arguing between each other. The younger Galaxians are quite aware of their deficiencies and often enjoy a good laugh at the Elder's expense (in one story a young Galaxian lawyer did warn the Elders in their faces that he could cause them to "lose what little credit for wisdom you have left".)
(From the early-1980s to the late-1990s, many one-page gags and short stories were published in "Spirou magazine" under the title "Les Galaxiens", giving humorous descriptions of Galaxian society. Some of the longer stories, such as "Le prince des Galaxiens" ("The Galaxian Prince") or "L'oeuf astral" ("The Astral Egg") could be described as actual Galaxian adventures with Khena and the Scrameustache appearing simply because they were the stars of the series.)"Dictionnaire mondial de la Bd" ("World Dictionary of Comics") by Patrick Gaumer and Claude Moliterni, ISBN-10: 203750019X, ISBN-13: 978-2037500197]
Khena's other family
Khena's actual parents are Torcal, an imminent scientist from planet Aktarka, and his wife. They were sent to Earth on a mission to
Peruand took their baby son Gari with them. However, an enemy had sabotaged their spaceship and, while testing it, they were sent to an unknown period of time and space leaving Gari behind. He was found by local Peruvian Indians and named Khena. Adjusting to life in another period of Earth's past, Torcal and his wife had two more children, son Thibaut and a daughter Berengere. They were eventually found and returned to Aktarka. Khena knew that the local laws restricted families to two children each and used this in order to stay on Earth with Uncle Georges. During the school holidays he uses the Scrameustache's saucer to visit them on Aktarka.
Other Aktarkians include Torcal's brother Yarmouth and his daughter Pilili.
Ramouchas are bear-like creatures from planet Aktarka. They live on an island separated from the main continent. One of them played an important role in the Scrameustache's upbringing. They are intelligent beings, though they are not capable of speaking. They are friendly and fun-loving but give off electric shocks as a form of humour.
Falzar, the Wizard of the Great Bear
Falzar, the Wizard of the Great Bear, is the nearest the Scrameustache has to a sworn enemy. He is a powerful and power-crazed wizard. At one stage he was turned into a
menhirby undetermined aliens and placed on Earth amongst the Carnac stonesin Brittany, France. Falzar occasionally manages to break free of his imprisonment and gets up to all sorts of devilish plots, such as turning people into animals. In the end though, he usually ends up as a menhir again and is returned to the alignments.
The Kromoks and the Stixes
Another set of enemies are the Kromoks and the Stixes. Planet Aktarka has two moons: the friendly Galaxians live on one of the moons; and the warlike Kromoks and the scheming Stixes live on the other. The ape-like Kromoks aim to conquer Aktarka but being naturally stupid does not make it easy. The Stixes, who are yellow skinned with pointed heads, are, on the other hand, ingenious and conniving characters and it is they who come up with the plans that the Scrameustache and his friends have to face.
The Scrameustache's adventures have not been published in English. Below is a list of the French titles, their year of publication, an English translation of the titles and a brief description. They are listed in order of publication. All the stories have been written and drawn by Gos. Since 1985, his son Walt has assisted in the drawing.
Between 1972 and 2007, some 37 books of the Scrameustache's adventures have been published.
L’Héritier de l’Inca  " [The Heir to the Inca] ":Khena is a young Peruvian boy who lives in the European village of Chambon-Les-Roses with his adopted father, Uncle Georges Caillau. One day he meets the Scrameustache, a friendly cat-like alien, on an undefined mission to Earth.
Le Magicien de la Grande Ourse  " [The Wizard of the Great Bear] ":While witnessing extra-terrestrial activity amongst the
Carnac stonesof Brittany, one of Uncle Georges' friends is turned into a minotaur! The Scrameustache's attempt to help him out leads to the unleashing of a powerful and power-crazed wizard called Falzar.
Le Continent des Deux Lunes  " [The Continent of the Two Moons] ":Khena is picked up by two human-like aliens who discover that he is in fact one of their own and take him back to his native planet, Aktarka ! They hope to find out what happened to his parents who went missing while on a mission to Earth ten years previously. The Scrameustache follows them to sort things out, and settle a score with an old enemy.
Le Totem de l'espace  " [The Totem Pole from Space] ":Khena, the Scrameustache and Uncle Georges travel to the Canadian province of
Quebecin order to witness the landing of a rocket ship. It's the prelude to an alien invasion!
Le Fantôme du cosmos  " [The Ghost from the Cosmos] ":A distress call leads Khena and the Scrameustache to a haunted spaceship. The ghost, an alien astronaut called Snopsy, asks for help to escape his enemies.
La Fugue du Scrameustache  " [The Scrameustache Runs Away] ":Anxious to keep the Scrameustache secret from the locals, Uncle Georges confines him to his cottage. But the mischievous little extra-terrestrial has a few ideas of his own and sets off to become more public.
Les Galaxiens  " [The Galaxians] ":The Scrameustache is re-united with a group of Galaxians, friendly little green creatures from one of the moons which orbit planet Aktarka. They soon integrate into the life of the local town, but are also unjustly blamed when things go wrong.
La Menace des Kromoks  " [The Kromok Threat] ":A Galaxian ship is hijacked by the Kromoks, a warlike race of aliens who intend to conquer planet Aktarka. Khena and the Scrameustache set off to help their friends and relatives.
Le Dilemme de Khéna  " [Khena's Dilemma] ":Khena has a dream that leads him to believe that his parents are alive in 16th-century Europe. Accompanied by a Ramoucha and two Galaxians, he, the Scrameustache and Uncle Georges go back in time in order to find out.
Le Prince des Galaxiens  " [The Galaxian Prince] ":Every year the most deserving Galaxian is made the annual head-of-state, but proceedings are ruined when a cheat attempts to hack the main computer and get the post for himself. A miscalculation results in him and the real winner being on equal points! Desperate measures are required to sort things out, including help from a very unexpected source.
Le Renégat  " [The Renegade] ":The Galaxian who tried to cheat his way into becoming Prince leads a jailbreak involving the leader of the warlike Kromoks. With galactic peace at stake, Khena and the Scrameustache set off to recapture the Renegade and the Kromok chieftain.
Ramouchas en péril  " [Ramouchas in Peril] ":The Ramouchas live on a small island on planet Aktarka. When some of them end up drowned on a mainland beach, Khena and the Scrameustache try to find out what prompts them to swim away from their island, and discover a nasty plot.
Le Satellite fou  " [The Crazy Satellite] ":A satellite crash-lands in a dense
rainforestand its radiation has a strange effect on the local area and wildlife.
La Saga de Thorgull  " [The Saga of Thorgull] ":The building of a new road means that Khena, the Scrameustache and Uncle Georges have to vacate their cottage. A Galaxian building crew helps them to restore an old manor house, but a strange young woman also has an interest in the place.
Le Secret des Trolls  " [The Secret of the Trolls] ":A Viking helmet has magically stuck itself to Uncle Georges' head! The Scrameustache organises an expedition to go back in time and convince the
Troll-witch responsible to lift the curse.
Les Kromoks en folie  " [The Kromoks Go Crazy] ":The leader of the warlike Kromoks escapes from a Galaxian prison, taking Khena as a hostage! When the Scrameustache and the Galaxians strike back they get help from some unexpected allies.
Le Stagiaire  " [The Trainee] ":A trainee Galaxian astronaut is sent to stay on Earth for a few days, but his bungling attempts at trying to be useful prove quite trying to Uncle Georges' nerves!
Le Grand Retour  " [The Great Return] ":Khena's parents and siblings are due to return to the present from their exile in 16th-century Europe, but things get complicated when Khena's sister disappears to yet another time period!
Les Galaxiens s’en vont en gags  " [Galaxian Gags] ":A collection of funny stories involving the everyday lives of the Galaxians, Khena and the Scrameustache's little green friends.
D’où viens-tu Scrameustache ?  " [Where Are You From, Scrameustache?] ":The Scrameustache's origins are revealed. He is a
genetically-created hybrid of various species of planet Aktarka and is coveted by many unscrupulous characters.
Les Figueuleuses  " [The Figueuleuses] ":The Galaxian known as the Renegade gets married and goes on honeymoon on a tropical part of the planet. But his bride feels that his love is only half-hearted and summons Falzar, the Wizard of the Great Bear, for help! Not the wisest of moves...
Le Sosie  " [The Double] ":A Princess from planet Venicoba asks Khena and the Scrameustache to help save her kingdom from reptile-like invaders. One trick in their favour is that Khena is the spitting image of her brother!
L’Œuf astral  " [The Astral Egg] ":A mysterious
gnomeasks the Galaxian Princess to intercept an egg travelling through space. The mission, led by Khena, the Scrameustache and the Prince, proves far from easy: the only crew available is made up of young Galaxian space cadets, which leads to chaos all over the ship!
Chroniques galaxiennes  " [Galaxian Chronicles] ":More mishaps in the everyday lives of the Galaxians.
La Caverne tibétaine  " [The Tibetan Cave] ":Khena, the Scrameustache and Uncle Georges set off to help Tibetan monks keep some age-old secrets away from the Chinese forces. (This story raises the issue of China's controversial occupation of Tibet.)
Le Cristal des Atlantes  " [The Crystal of the Atlantians] ":Earth is in danger of being destroyed and it is up to Uncle Georges to save it! But he has no idea of the nature of the threat and his only clue is a pastoral-like staff dating from the time of the lost continent of
Atlantis. Another journey back in time is in order.
Le Bêtisier galaxien [1992-1996] " [Galaxian Howlers] " (including contributions by
Fabrizio Borriniand François Gilson):More everyday mishaps for the little green aliens.
Les Enfants de l’arc-en-ciel  " [The Children of the Rainbow] ":While exploring an island on the Galaxian moon world, Khena and the Scrameustache discover that their little green friends are just one of many Galaxian races. (This story highlights
race relationsand pokes fun at some aspects of political correctness.)
Les Naufragés du Chastang  " [The Chastang Castaways] ":Khena and the Scrameustache go to the rescue of telepathic aliens whose ship crashes in a lake in central France. The recovery of the ship is made complicated by the curiosity of the local military.
Les Petits Gris  " [The Little Greys] " :The Galaxians intercept a space probe which is calling Khena and the Scrameustache for help. They have to try and find the last surviving princess of the lost continent of Atlantis, who has been missing for twelve thousand years! (Much of this adventure takes place in the restored village of
Pommeroland features the real-life restorer Doctor Paul Vuillard, to whom the story is dedicated.) [ [http://www.geol-alp.com/diois/_lieux_Ebaronnies/pommerol.html] French website which mentions Pommerol and Vuillard.]
Le Président galaxien  " [The Galaxian President] ":A computer breakdown means that the Galaxians have to resort to other means to choose their Prince-of-the-year. But are Earth-like elections really the best solution? (This story pocks fun at democratic politics at a time when many in Western Europe were taking a very cynical view towards democracy. It also raises the issue — and potential chaos — of imposing new forms of government on old established institutions.)
L’Épreuve du sablier  " [The Test of the Sand Glass] ":When the Earth continent of Atlantis was destroyed, the inhabitants fled to a new planet, Atlantis II. When the King dies without an immediate heir Khena and the Scrameustache try to help their friend Princess Lila stake her claim to the throne. But a ruthless rival is out to stop them !
La Fontaine des mutants  " [The Water Source of the Mutants] ":Khena and the Scrameustache investigate an island on planet Aktarka, whose water source turns living beings into animals.
Tempête chez les Figueuleuses  " [Storm Among the Figueuleuses] ":A violent storm devastates a tropical island on the Galaxian moon world. The Galaxians set off to help the native Figueuleuses, but the mission is fraught with problems. Meanwhile the Scrameustache's investigation of the storm leads him to believe that some old enemies are responsible !
Le Réveil du Mirmidon [2001-2002] " [The Mirmidon Awakes] ":During an outing on their moon world, Khena and some Galaxians discover a strange dwarf, who has 48 hours to set up a community for his missing brothers and their wives or face annihilation! But finding them proves a major task, and a foul and smelly experience for the Galaxians.
Le Retour de Falzar  " [The Return of Falzar] ":Khena and the Scrameustache discover the origins of their powerful enemy Falzar, the Wizard of the Great Bear. He himself is brought back to life and provokes havoc all over the place. The Scrameustache decides that he has no option but to face his enemy on equal terms.
L’Antre de Satic  " [Satic's Lair] ":The Scrameustache's attempt to acquire magic powers has some unforeseen consequences, namely a second Scrameustache! Not only that, but the kidnapping of a young boy and the involvement of Galaxians and a Ramucha does not really help Uncle Georges' mood. And there is still Falzar to deal with!
Casse-tête olmèque  " [Olmec Headache] ":A young woman archaeologist asks Uncle George for help when she discovers an
Olmechead statue which displays strange properties: one of which is slowly turning a colleague of hers into gold! This fact alone covets the attention of some strange characters from space as well as some unscrupulous ones from Earth.
Les Exilés  " [The Exiled] ":The testing of a new Galaxian spaceship goes wrong when it is dragged into a blue hole. Khena, Scrameustache and a group of Galaxians end up on an unknown planet, but it soon turns out that one of the group deliberately orchestrated the whole thing.
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