- 2001 Gujarat earthquake
title=2001 Gujarat earthquake
January 26, 2001
magnitude = 7.7 Mw
countries affected = IND
casualties = Approximately 20,000 dead, 167,000 injured
The 2001 Gujarat earthquake occurred on
January 26, 2001, which coincided with the 51st celebration of Republic Day (India)at 0317 hrs GMT. [cite web
title = Preliminary Earthquake Report
publisher = USGS
url = http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq_depot/2001/eq_010126/
date = 2001 January 26
accessdate = 2007-11-21 ] The location of the epicentre was
Bhuj(23.6° N 69.8° E) Gujarat, India. With Moment magnitude(Mw) of 7.7, the quake killed more than 20,000 people and injured another 167,000 and destroyed near a million homes. [cite web
title = Bhuj Earthquake
url = http://www.rurkiu.ernet.in/centers/TIFAC/database/earth%20quakes/BHUJ_EQ.HTM
date = 2001-02-05
accessdate = 2007-11-21 ] throughout Gujarat and parts of Eastern
It happened because of tectonic plates releasing pressure in the area after a collision margin took place. A collision margin is where two continental plates collide and begin to rub, creating lots of pressure, until eventually it is released and creates an earthquake.
The earthquake is considered an
intraplate earthquakebecause it occurred a great distance from any plate boundary, where the theory of plate tectonicssays most earthquakes of this size happen. Because of this, this area was not completely prepared for an earthquake of such size.
Because of its size and location,the quake was very destructive in terms of lives lost and damage to property. All the deaths occurred in India's western state of Gujarat, near the Pakistan border.
Bhuj, situated only 20 kilometres (14 miles) from the epicentre, was the most devastated town.
Because of such a high magnitude (7.7) and duration (98 seconds), as many as 20,000 people were reported dead. As of
February 3, the official toll had climbed to more than 30,000, though it later fell to 19,730. The final death toll of Kutchwas 12,220. At least 150,000 more were reported injured. This too may be an underestimate. Over a million structures were damaged or destroyed, including many historic buildings and tourist attractions [e.g.julta minar made by ashoka near railway station] .Fact|date=February 2007
The quake destroyed a percent of the homes in Bhuj, several schools, and flattened the hospital. Considerable damage occurred also at
Bhachau. In Ahmedabad, Gujarat's commercial capital and a city of 4.5 million, as many as 50 multistory buildings collapsed and several hundred people were killed. Total property damage was estimated at $5.5 billion and rising.The quake destroyed 75% of Kutchand over 80% of usable food and water supplies.
The district collector
Anil Mukimoversaw the early delivery of aid and equipment to affected villages but then called for further aid deliveries to cease as they encouraged a "relief mentality" which would delay a return to normal life. [cite news| last =Malik |first =Rajiv |coauthors = |title =To Rebuild Kutch | work =Hinduism Today | pages = | publisher =Himalayan Academy | date =2001-08-18 | url =http://www.hinduismtoday.com/archives/2001/7-8/18-26_disaster.shtml | accessdate =2008-08-26 ]
2006 Gujarat earthquake
* [http://www.bhujada.com/ Bhuj Area Development Authority]
* [http://asc-india.org/lib/20010126-kachchh.htm Special Event Page, Amateur Seismic Centre, India]
* [http://gujarat-earthquake.gov.in Gujarat Earthquake, Government of India]
* [http://cires.colorado.edu/~bilham/Gujarat2001.html Bhuj earthquake, University of Colorado ]
* [http://home.iitk.ac.in/~ramesh/gujrat/gujarat.htm Gujarat Earthquake, Pictures and Analysis]
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