Oliver H. Kelley Homestead

Oliver H. Kelley Homestead
The Kelley Homestead in Elk River.
Oliver H. Kelley Homestead is located in Minnesota
Location: 2.5 mi. SE of downtown Elk River, Minnesota on U.S. Highway 10
Coordinates: 45°15′35″N 93°32′12″W / 45.25972°N 93.53667°W / 45.25972; -93.53667Coordinates: 45°15′35″N 93°32′12″W / 45.25972°N 93.53667°W / 45.25972; -93.53667
Area: 189 acres (76 ha)
Built: 1850
Governing body: State
NRHP Reference#: 66000406
Significant dates
Added to NRHP: October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLD: July 19, 1964[2]

The Oliver H. Kelley Farm is a historic farmstead once owned by Oliver Hudson Kelley, one of the founders of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. The farmstead is a U.S. National Historic Landmark, which also places it on the National Register of Historic Places. The farm is currently operated as a living history museum by the Minnesota Historical Society. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[2][3]

Oliver Kelley moved to Minnesota in 1849, the year that Minnesota Territory was formed. Although he knew little about farming, he taught himself using agricultural journals and correspondence with other "scientific-oriented" farmers. He became an expert on farming in Minnesota, and he learned how adverse events such as bad weather, debt, insect pests, and crop failures could devastate a farmer's fortunes.[4] In 1864, he became a clerk in the United States Department of Agriculture. After the end of the American Civil War, he toured the agricultural resources of the Southern states. When he returned to Washington, he was convinced that farmers' fortunes could be improved through cooperative associations with other farmers. Along with several other associates, he founded the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry in 1867. He later returned to Minnesota with the hope of organizing local Granges.[5][3]

The farm remained in the ownership of the Kelley family until 1901. The National Grange bought the farm in 1935 and donated it to the Minnesota Historical Society in 1961. Today, the farm offers tours by guides in period costume, who invite visitors to help out with farm chores such as picking vegetables, churning butter, and making soap.[4] In 2003, state budget shortfalls threatened closure for the historical site. In response, the group Friends of the Kelley Farm was organized to help raise money to close the funding gap. The Friends group also supports the educational goals of the site and works for the site's preservation.[6]

See also


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  2. ^ a b "Oliver H. Kelley Homestead". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=282&ResourceType=District. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  3. ^ a b Stephen Lissandrello (December 30, 1975). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Oliver H. Kelley HomesteadPDF (312 KB). National Park Service  and Accompanying 3 images from 1969 and 1975.PDF (1.24 MB)
  4. ^ a b "About the Kelley Farm". Minnesota Historic Sites: Oliver H. Kelley Farm. Minnesota Historical Society. http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/ohkf/aboutkelley.html. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  5. ^ Lass, William E. (1998) [1977]. Minnesota: A History (2nd ed.). New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-04628-1. 
  6. ^ "About the Friends". Friends of the Kelley Farm. http://www.friendsofthekelleyfarm.org/friends_of_the_kelley_farm.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-23. [dead link]

External links

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