Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency)
Northumberland Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1290–1832 Number of members two Replaced by North Northumberland, South Northumberland and Tynemouth and North Shields
Northumberland, was a County constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament.
The constituency was split into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, by the Reform Act of 1832. The county was then represented by the Northumberland North and Northumberland South constituencies.
Members of Parliament
Parliament First member Second member 1300 Sir Luke Tailboys 1311 Guischard de Charron 1311 Roger Mauduit 1314 Roger Mauduit 1331 Roger Mauduit 1334 Roger Mauduit 1371 William Heron 1372 Thomas Surteys John de Mitford 1373 Sir Bertram (II) Montbourcher 1377 Sir Bertram (II) Montbourcher 1378 Sir John Fenwick 1379 Sir John Heron 1380 Walter de Swinhoe 1381 Adam de Athol (Sir Aymer de Strathbogie of Felton) 1382 Sir Robert Clifford 1386 Sir Bertram Montbourcher Sir Robert Clavering  1388 (Feb) Sir Thomas Umfraville John Mitford  1388 (Sep) John Mitford  1390 (Jan) Sir Thomas Umfraville John Mitford  1390 (Nov) Sir John Felton John Mitford  1391 Sir Gerard Heron John Mitford  1393 Sir Gerard Heron John Mitford  1394 Sir Gerard Heron John Mitford  1395 Sir William Swinburne Sampson Hardyng  1397 (Jan) Sir Thomas Gray John Mitford  1397 (Sep) Sir Gerard Heron Sir Robert Lisle  1399 Sir Thomas Gray Sampson Hardyng  1401 Sir Gerard Heron John Mitford  1402 Sir Gerard Heron John Mitford  1404 (Jan) Sir John Widdrington Sampson Hardyng 1404 (Oct) Sir William Carnaby Sir Robert Lisle 1406 Sir John Clavering Sir Robert Lisle 1407 Sir Edmund Hastings Robert Harbottle 1410 1411 1413 (Feb) 1413 (May) John Bertram William Mitford 1414 (Apr) Sir John Middleton Sir Robert Lisle 1414 (Nov) Sir John Widdrington Sampson Hardyng 1415 1416 (Mar) Sir Robert Ogle William Mitford 1416 (Oct) 1417 Sir John Middleton Sir Robert Lisle 1417 John Strother 1419 Sir Robert Ogle William Mitford 1420 Sir Robert Ogle Nicholas Turpin 1421 (May) John Manners Sampson Hardyng 1421 (Dec) Sir Robert Ogle William Mitford 1434 Thomas Lilborn John Cartyngton 1451 Sir John Ogle William Bertram 1510–1523 No Names Known  1529 Cuthbert Radcliffe Robert Collingwood  1536 1539 1542 1545 1547 Sir Thomas Hilton John Bednall  1553 (Mar) 1553 (Oct) Sir Thomas Grey Cuthbert Horsley  1554 (Apr) John Swinburne Robert Horsley  1554 (Nov) Sir Thomas Grey Cuthbert Horsley  1555 Sir Thomas Wharton George Heron  1558 Sir Thomas Wharton Sir Robert Ellerker  1558–1589 Sir Thomas Grey I Cuthbert Horsley  1562–1565 John Vaughan Robert Lawdon (died 1665)  1571 Sir Henry Percy Sir William Hilton  1572 (Apr) Sir Francis Russell Thomas Layton  1584 Sir Francis Russell Edward Talbot  1586 Sir Thomas Grey II Edward Talbot  1588 (Oct) William Carey Robert Widdrington  1593 Sir William Reade alias Kynnerd Robert Widdrington  1597 Sir Robert Carey William Selby  1601 (Oct) Sir Robert Carey William Selby  1604–1611 Sir Ralph Grey Sir Henry Widdrington 1614 Sir Henry Widdrington Sir George Selby, declared inelig.
and repl. by Sir William Selby
1621–1622 Sir William Grey Sir Henry Widdrington 1624 Sir John Fenwick Sir Francis Brandling 1625 Sir John Fenwick Sir Francis Brandling 1626 Sir John Fenwick Sir John Delaval 1628 Sir John Fenwick Sir William Carnaby 1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
Year First member First party Second member Second party April 1640 Sir John Fenwick Sir William Widdrington Royalist November 1640 Henry Percy  Royalist 1642 Sir John Fenwick  Parliamentarian August 1642 Widdrington disabled from sitting - seat vacant 1645 William Fenwick December 1648 Both Fenwicks excluded in Pride's Purge - seats vacant 1653 Not separately represented in the Barebones Parliament  Northumberland's representation was increased to three members in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate 1654 William Fenwick, Robert Fenwick, Henry Ogle 1656 William Fenwick, Robert Fenwick, Sir Thomas Widdrington Representation reverted to two members in the Third Protectorate Parliament January 1659 Sir William Fenwick (Sir) Ralph Delaval May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump April 1660 Sir William Fenwick (Sir) Ralph Delaval  1661 Viscount Mansfield 1677 Sir John Fenwick Sir Ralph Delaval 1685 William Ogle 1689 William Forster Philip Bickerstaffe 1698 Sir Edward Blackett January 1701 Ferdinando Forster Hon. William Howard December 1701 Sir Francis Blake William Loraine 1702 Bertram Stote 1705 Thomas Forster Sir John Delaval 1708 Thomas Forster, junior  Tory Earl of Hertford 1716 Francis Blake Delaval 1722 Sir William Middleton, Bt 1723 William Wrightson  1724 Ralph Jenison 1741 John Fenwick 1748 Lord Ossulston  1749 Lancelot Allgood 1754 Sir Henry Grey 1757 George Shafto Delaval 1768 Sir Edward Blackett 1774 Lord Algernon Percy Sir William Middleton, Bt 1786 Hon. Charles Grey  1795 Thomas Richard Beaumont Tory 1807 Earl Percy 1812 Sir Charles Monck 1818 Thomas Wentworth Beaumont Tory 1820 Charles John Brandling February 1826 Matthew Bell Tory July 1826 Hon. Henry Liddell Tory 1830 Thomas Wentworth Beaumont Whig 1831 Viscount Howick Whig 1832 Constituency abolished - see Northern Northumberland, Southern Northumberland
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/constituencies/northumberland. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/constituencies/northumberland. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/constituencies/northumberland. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- ^ Expelled, December 1641, "for being concerned in a plot to bring up the King's army in the North, to over-awe the Parliament"
- ^ Fenwick was temporarily disabled from sitting in January 1644, but re-admitted in June 1646
- ^ Charles Howard, Robert Fenwick, Henry Dawson and Henry Ogle were collectively nominated for the Four Northern Counties (Northumberland, Durham, Westmorland and Cumberland]]
- ^ Created a baronet, June 1660
- ^ Expelled from the House of Commons for involvement in the Jacobite Rising
- ^ On petition, Wrightson was adjudged not to have been duly elected
- ^ On petition, Ossulston waived his return in favour of his opponent, Allgood
- ^ Styled Viscount Howick from 1806
The county franchise, from 1430, was held by the adult male owners of freehold land valued at 40 shillings or more. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings, which took place in the town of Alnwick. The expense and difficulty of voting at only one location in the county, together with the lack of a secret ballot contributed to the corruption and intimidation of electors, which was widespread in the unreformed British political system.
The expense, to candidates, of contested elections encouraged the leading families of the county to agree on the candidates to be returned unopposed whenever possible. Contested county elections were therefore unusual. The Tory Percys, led by the Duke of Northumberland, shared the county representation with the Whig Grey Family.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
South Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency) — South Northumberland Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1832 (1832)–1885 (1885) … Wikipedia
North Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency) — North Northumberland Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1832 (1832)–1885 (1885) … Wikipedia
Northumbria (European Parliament constituency) — Northumbria European Parliament constituency European Parliament logo Created 1979 Dissolved 1999 MEP(s) 1 … Wikipedia
Hexham (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Hexham Map1 = Hexham Map2 = Northumberland Type = County Year = 1885 Entity = Northumberland County = Northumberland EP = North East England MP = Peter Atkinson Party = ConservativeHexham is a county constituency… … Wikipedia
Wansbeck (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Wansbeck Map1 = Wansbeck Type = County Map2 = Northumberland Entity = Northumberland County = Northumberland Year = 1885, 1983 MP = Denis Murphy Party = Labour EP = North East EnglandWansbeck is a parliamentary… … Wikipedia
Morpeth (UK Parliament constituency) — Morpeth Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1553 (1553)–1983 (1983) Numbe … Wikipedia
Marlborough (UK Parliament constituency) — Marlborough Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1295 (1295)–1885 (1885) … Wikipedia
Westminster (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Westminster Type = Borough Year = 1545 Abolition = 1918 members = two to 1885, then one Westminster was a former parliamentary constituency in the Parliament of England to 1707, the Parliament of Great… … Wikipedia
Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency) — Middlesex Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1265 (1265)–1885 (1885) Num … Wikipedia
Cockermouth (UK Parliament constituency) — Cockermouth division of Cumberland Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1885 (1885)–1918 (1918) … Wikipedia