Andragogy is the process of engaging adult learners in the structure of the learning experience. The term was originally used by Alexander Kapp (a German educator) in 1833, was developed into a theory of adult education by the American educator, Malcolm Knowles , (April 24, 1913 -- November 27, 1997).

Knowles held that andragogy (from the Greek words meaning "man-leading") should be distinguished from the more commonly used "pedagogy" (Greek: "child-leading"). Knowles' theory can be stated as four simple postulates: [(nd) [ Andragogy (M. Knowles)] "Theory into Practice" website. Retrieved 5/29/07.] [(nd) [ Andragogy] Informal Education Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5/29/07.]
#Adults need to be involved in the planning and evaluation of their instruction (Self-concept and Motivation to learn).
#Experience (including mistakes) provides the basis for learning activities (Experience).
#Adults are most interested in learning subjects that have immediate relevance to their job or personal life (Readiness to learn).
#Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented (Orientation to learning).

The term has been used by some to allow a discussion of the difference between self directed and 'taught' education. [ [ Hansman (2008)] Adult Learning in Communities of Practice: Situating Theory in Practice]


ee also

* The Learning Plan and the ePortfolio are emerging as important tools that adults can use to manage their own learning.
* Situated learning a model of learning often associated with adult learners.

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  • andragogy — andragogika statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis bendrąsias suaugusiųjų mokymo ir lavinimo, jų ugdymo institucijų organizavimo ir vadovavimo joms problemas. Šis ugdymo mokslo pavadinimas Europoje įsigalėjo XIX a. pradžioje.… …   Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas

  • andragogy — /an dreuh goh jee, goj ee/, n. the methods or techniques used to teach adults. [ANDR + (PED)AGOGY; see AGOGUE, Y3] * * * …   Universalium

  • andragogy — noun The methods or techniques used to teach adults …   Wiktionary

  • andragogy — science of teaching adults Sciences and Studies …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • andragogy — an·dra·go·gy …   English syllables

  • andragogy — /ˈændrəgɒdʒi/ (say andruhgojee) noun 1. the teaching of adult students in a structured learning process. 2. the principles or theory of such education. {andr + (ped)agogy} …   Australian English dictionary

  • andragogy — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Malcolm Knowles — Malcolm Shepherd Knowles Born August 24, 1913(1913 08 24) Livingston, Montana Died November 27, 1997(1997 11 27) (aged 84) Fayetteville, Arkansas Cause of death Stroke …   Wikipedia

  • Andragogik — (von griech. ανδρος andros (Genitiv von „Mann“) und gr. ἄγειν agein, „führen“) ist die Wissenschaft, die sich mit dem Verstehen und Gestalten der lebenslangen und lebensbreiten (siehe unten Begründung ) Bildung des Erwachsenen befasst. Sie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Андрагогика — (гр. андрос взрослый человек, мужчина; агогейн вести) раздел теории обучения, раскрывающий специфические закономерности освоения знаний и умений взрослым субъектом учебной деятельности, а также особенности руководства этой деятельностью со… …   Википедия

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