Scylax of Caryanda

Scylax of Caryanda was an ancient Greek explorer from Caria. He lived during the 6th century BC.

In about 515 BC Scylax was sent by the Persian king Darius I of Persia to explore the course of the Indus River. [J.Lendering (n.d.)] Scylax and his companions sailed down the river to the east and the rising of the sun, till they reached the sea, whence they sailed westward through the Indian Ocean to the Red Sea, performing the whole voyage and returning in thirty months.

Scylax explored and recorded information regarding a number of ancient cities among the Mediterranean islands, including the island of Crete. For example, Scylax was one of the first ancient recorders who wrote of the presence of the city of Kydonia on western Crete. [C.M.Hogan, 2008]

Scylax is mentioned by Strabo as an "ancient writer". The "Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax" which dates from the 3rd century BC is a compilation which seems to have been named in his honour.

ee also

*List of explorers

Line notes

References

* Herodotus 4.44
* C. Michael Hogan, "Cydonia", The Modern Antiquarian, Jan. 23, 2008 [http://letmespeaktothedriver.com/site/10881/cydonia.html#fieldnotes]
*

External links

* [http://www.livius.org Livius]
* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/3091.html Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology]


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  • Scylax Of Caryanda — ▪ Greek explorer flourished 6th century BC       ancient Greek explorer who was a pioneer in geography and the first Western observer to give an account of India.       It is known from Herodotus that Scylax was sent by the Persian king Darius I… …   Universalium

  • Scylax de Caryanda — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Scylax. Scylax de Caryanda est un navigateur grec originaire de Carie qui vécut au VIe siècle av. J.‑C. Son voyage Il fut chargé par Darius Ier d une exploration qui devait le conduire de l Indus jusqu… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • SCYLAX — (SCYLAX VIe s.) Géographe grec. Originaire de Caryanda en Carie, Scylax aurait remonté le cours de l’Indus puis, après un voyage de trente semaines, atteint l’isthme de Suez. Hécatée, Aristote et Strabon ont utilisé sa description. Au SCYLAX IVe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SCYLAX — I. SCYLAX Caryandâ Cariae oppidô oriundus, Mathematicus et Musicus, missus a Xerxe Persarum Rege in Indiam, ut Indi fluminis caput vestigaret: Illud iter triginta mensibus, peragratâ totâ Indiâ, dexterrime confecit, inque illa peregrinatione suâ… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pseudo-Scylax — Périple du Pseudo Scylax Le Périple du Pseudo Scylax est un périple grec datant du IVe ou du IIIe siècle av. J. C. On pense qu on lui a donné le nom de Scylax en référence à un navigateur grec mentionné par Hérodote, Scylax de Caryanda, qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax — The Periplus of Pseudo Scylax is an Ancient Greek periplus, dating from 4th or 3rd century BC. The name Scylax is thought to be an appeal to authority: Herodotus (4.44) mentions a Scylax of Caryanda, a Carian navigator who explored the coast of… …   Wikipedia

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  • PSEUDO-SCYLAX° — (fl. c. 350 B.C.E.), pseudonym of the Greek author of a seafarers manual (Periplus), which includes a description of the Mediterranean and Black Sea coastlines. The work, entitled Periplus of the sea of inhabited Europe, of Asia, and of Libya,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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