Avellino


Avellino

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Avellino-Stemma.png
|image_caption=The cathedral
official_name = Avellino
region = Campania
province = Avellino (AV)
elevation_m = 348
area_total_km2 = 30
mapx=40.922|mapy=14.7845
name=Avellino
population_as_of = December 31, 2004
population_total = 56993
population_density_km2 = 1752
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|40|55|N|14|47|E
frazioni = Picarelli, Bellizzi Irpino, Valle, Pianodardine
telephone = 0825
postalcode = 83100
gentilic = Avellinesi
saint = St. Modestino
day = February 14
mayor = Giuseppe Galasso
website = [http://www.comune.avellino.it www.comune.avellino.it]
Commons| Avellino

Avellino is a town and comune, capital of the province of Avellino in the Campania region of southern Italy. It is situated in a plain surrounded by mountains 42 km (19 mi) north-east of Naples and is an important hub on the road from Salerno to Benevento.

History

Before the Roman conquest, the ancient "Abellinum" was a centre of the Samnite Hirpini.

The town was Christianized around 500 AD, becoming an episcopal see. There followed the invasions of the Goths and Vandals. Subsequently Avellino became a Lombard centre, with a castle on the Terra hill. In the early Middle Ages it was part of the Duchy (later Principate) of Benevento and, after the latter’s fall, of the Principate of Salerno.

In 1100, during the Norman rule of southern Italy, it was acquired by Riccardo dell’Aquila. Later King Charles I of Anjou assigned it to the Montfort family, who were succeeded by the Del Balzo and the Filangierian of the House of Candia.

The feudal rights to Avellino were purchased in 1581 by Don Marino I Caracciolo, duke of Atripalda, of a patrician family of Naples, who was made Prince of Avellino in 1589. Avellino became the main seat of the Caracciolo. Don Marino’s son and grandson were consecutively Grand Chancellor of the Kingdom of Naples and chevaliers of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The grandson, Don Marino II (1587-1630), was the patron of Giambattista Basile, author of the "Pentamerone".

In 1820 Avellino was seat of revolutionary riots. However, the Unification of Italy some fifty years later did not bring any benefit to the city, being cut off from the main railway line Naples-Benevento-Foggia, and far from the sea as well.

In 1943 the city was bombed by Allied planes in an attempt to cut off the retreat of German panzer units over the important Bridge of Ferriera.

Avellino has suffered from seismic activity throughout its history and was struck hard by the earthquakes of 23 November, 1980 and 14 February, 1981.

Main sights

Some ruins of the ancient Abellinum can be seen near the modern village of Atripalda, 4 km (2.5 mi) East of modern Avellino.

The "Cathedral", with its Romanesque crypt, stands on the site of a rich and famous Roman villa which was built around 129 BC and abandoned after the eruption of Vesuvius and associated earthquake in 346.

There are some remains of the "Lombard castle" in Piazza Castello (Castle Square).

External links

* [http://www.comune.avellino.it/ Official website]
* [http://www.avellinomagazine.it Il Magazine della città di Avellino]
* [http://www.novamedia.it/sienall/avelcitt.htm Giuseppe Stefanachi's site]
* [http://www.sardimpex.com/caracciolo/Caracciolo-Avellino.htm Caracciolo di Avellino] : genealogy of the dukes of Avellino


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Avellino — • An Italian diocese in the Province of Naples, suffragan to Benevento Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Avellino     Avellino     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Avellino — Avellino,   1) Hauptstadt der Provinz Avellino in Kampanien, Italien, 55 700 Einwohner; Bischofssitz;   Wirtschaft:   Nahrungsmittel und Textilindustrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Avellino [1] — Avellino (einst Abellinum), Hauptstadt der neapolitanischen Provinz Principato ulteriore, am Monte Virgine, mit berühmter Abtei u. Wallfahrtskirche auf demselben; Bischofssitz u. Gerichtshof, fabricirt Hüte, Tuch, Stühle, Handel mit Getreide,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Avellino [2] — Avellino, Franc. Maria, geb. 1788 zu Neapel, er studirt die Rechtswissenschaften u. Alterthumskunde, wurde Professor der griechischen Literatur in seiner Vaterstadt, war 1809–15 Erzieher der Kinder Murats u. prakticirte dann wieder als Advocat;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Avellīno [1] — Avellīno, ital. Provinz in der Landschaft Kampanien, früher Principato ulteriore genannt, grenzt nördlich an die Provinzen Benevent und Foggia, östlich an Potenza, südlich an Salerno und westlich an Caserta, zerfällt in die drei Kreise A., Ariano …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Avellīno [2] — Avellīno, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), in fruchtbarem Tale 570 m ü. M. gelegen, Knotenpunkt an der Eisenbahn Neapel Benevent, hat ein Theater, Ober und Untergymnasium, Zuchthaus, Weinbauschule und (1901) als Gemeinde… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Avellino — Avellīno, vorher Principato ulteriore, ital. Provinz (Kampanien), 3037 qkm, (1904) 404.001 E. – Die Hauptstadt A., das alte Abellinum, am Monte Vergine (Kloster), (1901) 23.760 E.; Färbereien …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Avellino [1] — Avellino, Hauptstadt in der neapolit. Provinz Principato ulteriore, 15600 E., Bischofssitz, Tuchfabriken, Färbereien, Handel mit Roggen, Kastanien, Haselnüssen; in der Nähe die caudinischen Pässe …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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