Djellaba (جلابة) (Moroccan Arabic, also known as Darija (الدارجة)) (also djellabah, galabiya, jellāb(a)) is a traditional long, loose-fitting outer robe with full sleeves worn in the Maghreb region of North Africa and in Arabic-speaking countries along the Mediterranean.
Traditionally djellabas are made of wool in different shapes and colors though nowadays lightweight textile djellabas have replaced wool djellabas in emigrant communities in the West, e.g. Paris, Brussels, et cetera. Among the Berbers, or Imazighen, such as Imilchil in the Atlas Mountains, the color of a djellaba indicates the marital status (single or married) of the bearer—a dark brown djellaba indicating bachelorhood. Traditionally, djellabas reached down to the ground but the lightweight textile djellabas are somewhat slimmer and shorter. Married men wear a light-colored djellaba sometimes along with a red Fez hat and soft yellow slippers (balgha, Arabic: بلغه, or babouche) weather permitting. The men's djellaba is generally baggy and plain. So-called women's djel(l)abas (abaya "cloak" (Arabic: عباية ‘abāya[tu] or عباءة ‘abā'a[tu], plural عبايات ‘abāyā[tu])) are tighter and may sport elaborate decorative stitching in a variety of colors. Among the Imazighen women as well as men sometimes add a scarf (tagelmust sometimes called a cheche) to the outfit.
Almost all djellabas of both styles (male or female) include a baggy hood called a "cob" that comes to a point at the back. The hood is of vital importance for both sexes, as it protects the wearer from the sun, and in earlier times was used as a defense against sand being blown into the wearer's face by strong desert winds. In colder climes, as in the mountains of Morocco and Algeria, it also serves the same function as a winter hat, preventing heat loss through the head and protecting the face from snow and rain. It is not uncommon for the roomy hood to be used as an informal pocket during times of nice weather; it can fit loaves of bread or bags of groceries.
Traditional djellabas are generally made of two types of material, cotton for summer wear and coarse wool for the winter. The wool is typically harvested from sheep living in the surrounding mountains.
The Islamic religion is also a key factor in the way that Moroccan people dress. The djellaba covers the whole body and is therefore an acceptable modest outfit for both men and women.
References and notes
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djellaba — [ dʒɛ(l)laba ] n. f. • 1849; jilleba 1743; mot ar. du Maroc ♦ Vêtement de dessus, longue robe à manches longues et à capuchon, portée par les hommes et les femmes, en Afrique du Nord. ● djellaba nom féminin (arabe djallāba) Sorte de robe ample,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Djellaba — Die Djellaba (arabisch جلابة , DMG dschellāba), auch Dschellaba, Galabiya, ist ein traditionelles lang wallendes Gewand (Tunika), das einfarbig von Männern und bunt gemustert von Frauen in den Ländern des … Deutsch Wikipedia
djellaba — DJELLABÁ GELABA/ s. f. haină lungă şi largă, desfăcută pe părţi, cu glugă, purtată în Africa de Nord. (< fr. djellaba) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN … Dicționar Român
djellaba — or djellabah [jə lä′bə] n. 〚Ar jallaba, contr. < jallābīya〛 a long, loose outer garment worn in Arabic countries * * * djel·la·ba or djel·la·bah also jel·la·ba (jə läʹbə) or ga·la·bi·a ( bē ə) n. A long, loose, hooded garment with full sleeves,… … Universalium
djellaba — (also djellabah or jellaba) ► NOUN ▪ a loose woollen hooded cloak of a kind traditionally worn by Arabs. ORIGIN Arabic … English terms dictionary
djellaba — or djellabah [jə lä′bə] n. [Ar jallaba, contr. < jallābīya] a long, loose outer garment worn in Arabic countries … English World dictionary
Djellaba — Jilbab Un homme en jilbab … Wikipédia en Français
Djellaba — Djel|la|ba 〈[dʒɛl ] f. 10〉 nordafrikanisches Kapuzengewand für Männer aus grobem Wollstoff [arab.] * * * Djellaba [dʒ , arabisch] die, / s, Djellabia, nordafrikanisches Übergewand aus grobem Wollstoff mit Kapuze und Ärmeln, meist aus einem… … Universal-Lexikon
djellaba — also djellabah noun Etymology: French, from Arabic jallāba, jallābīya Date: 1919 a long loose garment with full sleeves and a hood … New Collegiate Dictionary
djellaba — noun A loose fitting, ankle length hooded robe worn by men in North Africa … Wiktionary