Örnsköldsvik


Örnsköldsvik
Örnsköldsvik
Örnsköldsvik
Nickname(s): Ö-vik, Foppaland
Örnsköldsvik is located in Sweden
Örnsköldsvik
Coordinates: 63°17′N 18°44′E / 63.283°N 18.733°E / 63.283; 18.733Coordinates: 63°17′N 18°44′E / 63.283°N 18.733°E / 63.283; 18.733
Country Sweden
Province Ångermanland
County Västernorrland County
Municipality Örnsköldsvik Municipality
Area[1]
 – Total 23.97 km2 (9.3 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 – Total 28,617
 – Density 1,194/km2 (3,092.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Örnsköldsvik Swedish pronunciation: [œɳʂœlds'viːk] is a locality and the seat of Örnsköldsvik Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden with 28,617 inhabitants in 2005.[1]

Its natural harbour and archipelago is in the Gulf of Bothnia and the northern boundaries of the High Coast area. It is well known as an exporter of paper products and heavy machinery goods. It has a strong environment record and is the "testbed" for ethanol powered cars.

Contents

History

The name comes from Governor Per Abraham Örnsköld (1762–1769) and literally translated means Eagle-shield's-bay (Örn-skölds-vik).

Traces of human activity in the area date back to the Nordic Bronze Age, and there's a reconstructed iron age village called Gene fornby, which is a popular tourist attraction, just outside of town. Örnsköldsvik itself is however a relatively young city, it was founded as a market town (a köping) in 1842 and became a city in 1894.

Örnsköldsviks Municipality

The town of Örnsköldsvik is the centre of Örnsköldsviks Kommun or Örnsköldsvik Municipality. The Municipality has a much larger population than the town itself, at over 55,000 inhabitants, as the municipality is vast with very large forest areas, and consists of several rural communities in the countryside.

Economy

Historically, the most important economic activity was trade and heavy industry. In the surrounding villages (now incorporated into the city itself) two major industrial ventures arose: Modo, a pulp, paper, logging enterprise and Hägglunds a heavy industrial company. Even today the successors to these two companies are of huge importance for the city. M-real (ex-Modo) is running one of Europe's largest pulp mills in the village of Husum, 30 km north of Örnsköldsvik City, Domsjö Fabriker[2] (another ex-Modo mill) is running a specialty cellulose in Örnsköldsvik, while Hägglunds is split into several companies, including BAE Systems Hägglunds, now a subsidiary of BAE Systems. Other notable companies based in Örnsköldsvik include Svensk Etanolkemi, a producer of ethanol products, and Fjällräven, a manufacturer of outdoor equipment and clothing.

Education

In Örnsköldsvik there are at present two universities; Mid Sweden University and Umeå University.

The asteroid 6795 Örnsköldsvik, found in 1993 by Swedish astronomers at the European Southern Observatory, was named after the city.

Transportation

The European route E4 runs through downtown Örnsköldsvik

Main road transportation is provided by the European route E4. The Örnsköldsvik Airport provides daily flights to and from the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport courtesy of Höga Kusten Flyg, and also charter flights to Turkey courtesy of Pegasus Airlines.

The terminal building was recently upgraded to allow for some international services. The runway was extended to allow service for larger aircraft.

Railway transportation is provided by the recently opened main line Botniabanan.

Botniabanan is currently open on only a portion of its total stretch, but will in the future connect Örnsköldsvik and nearby Umeå with passenger services to Stockholm in around 4 hours of travel time.

There is also a harbor, where cargo ships load and unload timber and other merchandise. Prior to joining the European Union, Örnsköldsvik had a direct ferry connection to Vaasa, Finland. This ceased operation after the entry in to the European Union along with the abolishment of tax-free trade within the member states. The harbor now rarely sees passenger traffic on any larger scale.

Being situated on the European route E4, the city is well connected with bus lines. A coastal line from Haparanda in the north to Stockholm makes regular stops at the bus depot in Örnsköldsvik. A cross-country route to Östersund is starts and terminates at the Örnsköldsviks bus depot.

Recreation and sports

View towards the seaside

Due to the hilly surroundings, hiking and exploring the scenery of the High Coast is popular in the area. In the wintertime skiing and ice hockey are both popular. Both cross-country skiing, alpine skiing and also ski jumping are practiced in the downtown area. In international sports, the town is perhaps best known for having hosted the inaugural Winter Paralympic Games, in 1976. The 2008 European Curling Championships also took place there.

Since Örnsköldsvik is a coastal town, there are also beaches near town, as well as campsites. There's also an indoor water park called Paradisbadet, with one of the longest water slides in Europe.

The main spectator sport in town is ice hockey, with the local team MODO Hockey in Elitserien, the main league for ice hockey in Sweden. IF Friska Viljor has been successful in ski jumping. The local football teams aren't quite as successful, but still popular. On the men's side especially the teams Friska Viljor FC from central Örnsköldsvik and Anundsjö IF from Bredbyn outside of town, and women's Själevads IK. A couple floorball teams from town have also had some success.

A new golf course, Veckefjärdens Golf Club, to the south of the centre is owned by local celebrity ice hockey player Peter Forsberg.

The islands surrounding the coastal area of Örnsköldsvik are big tourist attractions which can be reached by ferry boats.

Notable natives

Örnsköldsvik is the birthplace of many world-famous ice hockey players, including Peter Forsberg, Markus Näslund, Niklas Sundström, Victor Hedman and the twins Daniel and Henrik Sedin. The Sedin twins are currently top players for the Vancouver Canucks. Many stars from hockey's previous generation, including Anders Hedberg, Thomas Gradin, and Anders Kallur were also either Örnsköldsvik natives (Hedberg) and/or played in the town for the Modo Hockey club.

Malin Moström, former captain in the Sweden women's national football team is also a native of Örnsköldsvik.

Magdalena Forsberg, cross country skier and biathlete.

Hans Hedberg, sculptor known for his ceramic fruit.

Märta Norberg, cross country skier in the end of the 1940s and beginning of 1950s.

Tomas Haake and Mårten Hagström, members of (drummer and rhythm guitarist) Swedish technical metal band Meshuggah.

Thomas Hammarberg, diplomat and human rights activist.

Niklas Edin, skip (curling) of the Swedish curling team at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Örnsköldsvik is twinned with:

M/S Silver Shadow visiting Örnsköldsvik, with Swedbank Arena (now Fjällräven Center) in the background.
The town square Stora Torget in central Örnsköldsvik.

Örnsköldsvik's sister cities are:

See also

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Örnsköldsvik is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

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  • Örnsköldsvik — es una ciudad con el Golfo de Botnia, en la provincia de Västernorrland en Suecia norteña (provincia histórica de Ångermanland), y es la ciudad principal del municipio con el mismo nombre. Es una ciudad joven, fundada en 1894. Es principalmente… …   Wikipedia Español

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