Aboulia

Aboulia or Abulia (from the Greek "αβουλία", meaning "non-will"), in neurology, refers to a lack of will or initiative. The patient is unable to act or make decisions independently. It may range in severity from subtle to overwhelming.

Abulia may result from a variety of brain injuries which cause personality change, such as dementing illnesses, trauma, or intracerebral hemorrhage (stroke), especially stroke causing diffuse injury to the right hemisphere. Abulia has also been associated with amphetamine withdrawal. [ [http://216.239.59.104/search?q=cache:lUbzyIPpB9AJ:paul.broca.inserm.fr/ifr77/Laqueille-Eur.Psychiat-2005.pdf+Aboulia+amphetamine&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&client=firefox-a 403 Forbidden ] ] It may complicate rehabilitation when a stroke patient is uninterested in performing tasks like walking despite being capable of doing so. It should be differentiated from apraxia, when a brain injured patient has impairment in comprehending the movements necessary to perform a motor task despite not having any paralysis that prevents performing the task; that condition can also result in lack of initiation of activity.

Especially in patients with progressive dementia, it may affect feeding. Patients may continue to chew or hold food in their mouths for hours without swallowing it. The behavior may be most evident after these patients have eaten part of their meals and no longer have strong appetites. Caregivers can use sweet or salty flavored foods later in meals to provide interest and increase oral intake, but must always clear the mouth of food after each meal.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • aboulia — [ə bo͞o′lē ə, əbyo͞o′lē ə] n. alt. sp. of ABULIA …   English World dictionary

  • aboulia — noun /əˈbuːlɪə/ absence of willpower or decisiveness, especially as a symptom of mental illness , 1969: He felt without volition, plunged into a state of aboulia. John Fowles, The French Lieutenants Woman …   Wiktionary

  • aboulia — SYN: abulia. * * * aboulia, aboulic var of ABULIA, ABULIC * * * abou·lia (ə booґle ə) abulia …   Medical dictionary

  • aboulia — /əˈbuliə/ (say uh boohleeuh), / jə/ (say yuh) noun the inability, usually pathological, to make or to act on decisions. Also, abulia. {Greek aboulia ill counsel} –aboulic, adjective …   Australian English dictionary

  • aboulia —   , abulia   n. loss of will power.    ♦ aboulic, a.    ♦ aboulomania, n. form of insanity marked by aboulia …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • aboulia — aboulic, adj. /euh booh lee euh/, n. abulia. * * * …   Universalium

  • aboulia — eɪ buːlɪə /É™bju n. mental disorder in which free will is lost or impaired (Psychology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aboulia — n. (also abulia) the loss of will power as a mental disorder. Derivatives: aboulic adj. Etymology: Gk a not + boule will …   Useful english dictionary

  • Abulia — Aboulia o Abulia, en neurología, se refiere a la falta de voluntad o iniciativa y es uno de los trastornos de Disminución de la Motivación. Aboulia cae en el medio del espectro de la motivación disminuida, con la apatía siendo menos extrema y el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • abulia — abulic, adj. /euh byooh lee euh, euh booh /, n. Psychiatry. a symptom of mental disorder involving impairment or loss of volition. Also, aboulia. [1840 50; < NL, prob. not < Gk aboulía thoughtlessness, but freshly formed from A 6, Gk boulé will,… …   Universalium


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