Province of Cape Breton Island
Province of Cape Breton Island is a political movement which calls for the re-establishment of the Province of
Cape Breton Islandto be governed separately from the Province of Nova Scotia.
There have been other movements for the re-establishment of the
Provinceof Cape Breton Islandbefore this one but the most recent commenced in February 2000 when a meeting in Baddeckled by Scott MacLean of Sydney, Nova Scotiawas attended by about 200 Cape Bretonersseeking to form their own province or invoking some form of political change in response to an economy in crisis on the island. [http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2000/02/21/nsseparate000220.html] A subsequent meeting was held on Remembrance Day, November 11, 2000in Sydney with about 300 attending including local officials and politicians e.g. Gerald Sampson, Kenzie MacNeil, Fraser Morrison, & Danny Hanson. [http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2000/02/19/capebreton000219.html] The meetings also drew the attention of Senators Bernard Boudreauand Lowell Murraywho raised the matter on the floor of the Canadian Senate with no decision or action being taken. [http://www.parl.gc.ca/36/2/parlbus/chambus/senate/deb-e/030db_2000-02-22-E.htm?Language=E&Parl=36&Ses=2#0.2.W54BJ2.MERRJT.NOH6PH.AG]
The movement continued throughout 2000 and 2001 with
Cape Breton Universityhosting a series of meetings. CBU's initiative set forth that one of the initial steps in the process of greater independence and self-reliance for Cape Breton Island is to look at the jurisdictional power held within CBI's Municipal Governments and find ways to augment and leverage it for economic growth. To that end the Cape Breton Island Branch of the North Atlantic Island Program[NAIP(CBI)] , hosted by the Community Economic Development (CED) Institute, held meetings at Cape Breton University over the year focusing on the relationship between jurisdictional authority and self-reliant economic development. The meetings were attended by local leaders and politicians including; Wendy MacDonald, Vince MacLean, Dr. Gertrude MacIntyre, Director, CED Institute, Mayor Billy Joe MacLean, Donnie Rowe, John R MacDonald, Craig Pollett, Bill Stirling, Scott Dawe, and John Whalley. [http://www.cbu.ca/ced/CED-Institute/news/june2001.htm] During 2001-2002 discussions and meetings on the topic of Cape Breton Island's governance continued and the Cape Breton Regional Municipality led by Mayor John Morgan commissioned Memorial University of Newfoundlandto independently study the governance and economic crisis on Cape Breton Isalnd for problem identification and a possible solution set. The study by Dr. Wade Locke and Dr. Stephen Tomblin was completed October 21, 2003. [http://www.cbrm.ns.ca/portal/documents/GovernanceStudyReport.pdf] [http://www.cbrm.ns.ca/portal/civic/council/studies_reports/PDF/GovernanceStudy_Presentation.pdf] The study found that the depopulation and de-economization of Cape Breton Island would continue if the status quo was maintained. The study indicated that Cape Breton Island is paying the Province of Nova Scotia based on the 2002 Fiscal year an excess of $12 million annually in taxation versus the expenditures it receives in return from Nova Scotia.
In May 2005 a further study supporting governance and economic issues on Cape Breton Island was completed by Dr.Paul Hobson (Department of Economics -
Acadia University), Dr. David Cameron (Department of Political Science - Dalhousie University) and Dr. Wade Locke (formerly of Memorial University), entitled "A Question of Balance - An Assessment of the State of Local Government in Nova Scotia" - Union of Nova Scotia Municipalities Report - May 24, 2005. [http://www.cbrm.ns.ca/portal/civic/council/studies_reports/documents/FAIRandEQUITABLEFUNDINGPROJECTREPORT--FINAL.pdf]
In response to the findings of these studies Mayor John Morgan and Cape Breton Regional Municipality (Cape Breton Island's largest municipal government) commenced discussions and negotiations with the Province of Nova Scotia which after failure by Nova Scotia to recognize CBRM's complaints resulted in the filing of a law suit by CBRM against the Province of Nova Scotia for what it claims are arbitrary and capricious fiscal improprieties - to the tune of $12 million per year.
In November 2006 the popular support for the movement was rekindled by Mark MacNeill of
Mabou, Nova Scotiawho responded to Prime Minister Harper's recognition within the House of Commons of Quebecas a distinct Nation within a Nation, by advocating that Cape Breton Island is also irrefutably a distinct society and as such should be recognized as a Province within a Province with a devolutionary view to re-establishing the island as its own independent province and as the 11th Province within Canada. Although the movement is in its infancy with only about 60 members, prominent members of the community have come out in support of the movement including mayor John W. Morgan, Anna Curtis-Steele, Maury McCrillis and Brian Joseph, PhD.(Harvard).
Cape Breton Island
* [http://www.provinceofcapebreton.org/ | Province of Cape Breton Website]
* [http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2000/02/19/capebreton000219.html | CBC Story on the movement]
* [http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=2379552373&ref=mf | Movement's Facebook page]
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Cape Breton Island — 〚prob. after Canbreton, coastal town in France〛 island constituting the NE part of Nova Scotia, Canada: 3,981 sq mi (10,311 sq km) * * * Island, (pop., 2001: 109,330), eastern part of Nova Scotia, Canada. Separated from the mainland by the Strait … Universalium
Cape Breton Island — Infobox Islands name = Cape Breton image caption = Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada image size = locator Location map|Canada Nova Scotia|lat=46.166667|long= 60.75|marksize=16 map custom = yes native name = native name link = nickname =… … Wikipedia
Cape Breton Island — noun An island on the Atlantic coast of Canada, part of the province of Nova Scotia. Syn: Cape Breton, CB … Wiktionary
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia — Infobox Settlement official name = Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia other name = (CBRM) native name = nickname = motto = Fortuna Non Mutat Genus (Circumstances Do Not Change Our Origin) imagesize = image caption = flag size = 145px… … Wikipedia
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Cape Breton accent — The Cape Breton accent describes variants of Canadian English spoken on Cape Breton Island, a large island on the north eastern coast of the province of Nova Scotia in Canada, comprising about one fifth of the province s area as well as… … Wikipedia
Cape Breton coal strike of 1981 — The Cape Breton coal strike of 1981 was a strike by coal miners belonging to the United Mine Workers of America against the Cape Breton Development Corporation (DEVCO) of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The strike, which was bitter and… … Wikipedia
Cape Breton Labour Party — The Cape Breton Labour Party was a social democratic provincial political party in Nova Scotia, Canada that advocated separate provincial status for Cape Breton, [cite news|first = Daniel | last = Squizzato | title = Separatist feelings seize… … Wikipedia
Cape Breton University — Infobox University name =Cape Breton University native name = latin name = image size =120px motto = Theid Díchioll Air Thoiseach (Perseverance Will Triumph) established = 2005 Cape Breton University. Earlier names: Xavier Junior College (1951),… … Wikipedia
Cape Breton — Île du Cap Breton Île du Cap Breton Cape Breton Island (en) Carte de l île du Cap Breton et de ses environs … Wikipédia en Français