- Alexander Korsakov
Alexander Rimsky-Korsakov (
August 24, 1753– May 25, 1840) was a Russian Generalremembered as an unlucky assistant to Alexander Suvorovduring his Swiss expedition of 1799-1800.
Korsakov entered military service early, and fought in the Russo-Turkish War in 1788 and 1789, and then in the Russo-Swedish War. He subsequently became a major-general of the
Semenovsky regimentof the Leib Guard, assigned to accompany the Count of Artois to England. From there he went to Flandersto the army commanded by Prince Josias of Coburg, with which he participated in the Battle of Fleurus (1794). Returning to St. Petersburg, he fought under Count Valerian Zubovin an ill-fated expedition against Persia, which Emperor Paul I recalled in 1799 in order to deal with the .
Paul I gave Korsakov command of an army of 40,000 men to drive the French out of
Switzerland. Korsakov took the army to Zürichto join up with the 25,000-man army of Austrian general Friedrich von Hotze; Alexander Suvorov's army was also supposed to meet them, but did not arrive in time. The French under André Massénaattacked on September 25, 1799in the Second Battle of Zürich, winning a victory and forcing Korsakov to withdraw. He led the remainder of his army towards Lindalland combined it with that of Suvarov, who took over primary command. The combined army turned towards Bohemia, from which Paul I recalled it to Russia for the winter.
With the accession of Emperor Alexander I in 1801, Korsakov was appointed
cavalrygeneral. He soon retired from military command, and from 1805 to 1830 served as Governor-General of Lithuaniaand ordered the reconstruction of the Tuskulėnai Manorin Vilnius, where he lived. He died in 1840 in St. Petersburgas a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia.
* cite encyclopedia | title = Korssakow | encyclopedia =
Meyers Konversations-Lexikon| edition = 4th edition | year = 1890 | | volume = 10 | pages = 103 | url = http://susi.e-technik.uni-ulm.de:8080/Meyers2/seite/werk/meyers/band/10/seite/0103/meyers_b10_s0103.html
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