List of Muslim empires

Scholars debate what exactly constitutes an Empire. Generally, they may define an empire as a state that extends dominion over areas and populations distinct culturally and ethnically from the culture/ethnicity at the center of power.

This list is intended to show some of the States, Empires, or Dynasties that have had the faith of Islam, or were in some way central to or a part of the Empire. Many Muslim empires had strong influences on the visual Arts, Architecture, Music and Food.


In the centuries after the life of Muhammad, Muslim armies poured out into all surrounding Areas, bringing the lands from Persia to Spain under their control. With this huge amount of land under their control, the Umayyad (and latter, the Abbasid) Caliphates allowed merchants and scholars to travel easily through western Eurasia, bringing goods and knowledge which the Muslims greatly expanded upon through the Caliphate and outward to less advanced regions, such as Western Europe. In 751, papermaking from China made its way to the West through Muslims. Trade introduced Islam to the Africans. In the Middle East, the success of Islam meant that culture would be changed forever. Even after the decline of the Abassid Caliphate, Islam would remain as one of the base institutions of the region. Future states of the region, such as the Safavid, Seljuk, and Ottoman Empires, were all "Islamic Empires".


*Rashidun Caliphate (622-661)
*Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate
**Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba in Islamic Spain (929-1031)
*Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258) - Successor of the Umayyad Caliphate
*Fatimid Caliphate (910-1171)
* The Ottoman Caliphate (1290-1924)
*Mamluk Caliphate (Bahri dynasty then preceded by Burji dynasty) (1250-1517)

Regional empires

Europe & Russia

* The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
* The Ottoman Empire (1290-1924)
*Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba in Islamic Spain (929-1031)
* The Emirate of Sicily (965-1072)
* The Volga Bulgaria (922-1236)
* The Golden Horde (1251-1502)
* The Crimean Khanate (1441-1783)
* The Bashkirs and Chuvash

Middle East & Persia

* The Khwarezm-Shâh Dynasty
* The Tahirid dynasty
* The Khwarezmian Empire
* The Saffarid dynasty
* The Samanid Dynasty
* The Seljuk dynasty
* The Giray dynasty
* The Ilkhanate
* The Timurid dynasty
* The Ayyubid Dynasty
* Safavid dynasty of the Persian Empire (1502-1722)
* Muzaffarids
* The Ghurids
* Ghaznavid Empire
* The Great Seljuq Empire
* The Buyid dynasty
* The Rassids of Yemen
* The Rasulid of Yemen
* The Tulunids

Central Asia

* The Chagatai Khanate
* The Siberia Khanate
* The State of Yarkand
* The Shaybanids

Africa & Spain

"Excluding Egypt, which is considered part of Middle East"
* The Mali Empire in Africa
* The Adal Sultanate
* The Almoravid dynasty
* The Almohad dynasty
* The Fulani Empire
* The Mali Empire
* The Songhai Empire
* The Kilwa Sultanate
* The Sultanate of Oman
* The Aghlabid dynasty of Tunisia
* Taifa dynasties of Islamic Spain
* Hafsid dynasty
* The Alaouite dynasty
* The Marinid dynasty
* The Rustamid dynasty
* The Sa'did dynasty of Morocco (1511 - 1628)

Indian subcontinent

* Delhi Sultanate in Northern India (1206-1526)
* Mughal Empire in India (1526-1857)
* Khilji Dynasty
* Lodhi Dynasty
* Mamluk dynasty of Delhi
* Durrani Empire
* Suri dynasty
* Asaf Jahi Dynasty (1720-1948)
* Bahmani Sultanate in Deccan (1347-1527)
* Tughlaq dynasty (1321-1398)
* Berar Sultanate in Deccan (1490-1572)
* Bidar Sultanate in Deccan (1492-1619)
* Ahmednagar Sultanate in Deccan (1490-1636)
* Qutb Shahi dynasty in Deccan (1518-1687)
* Bijapur Sultanate in Deccan (1490-1686)
* Sayyid dynasty
* The Sultanate of Bengal (1336-1576)
* The Sultanate of Jawnpur (1394-1479)
* Gujarat Sultanate (1407-1573)
* Malwa Sultanate (1401-1531)
* The Sultanate of Kashmir (1346-1586)
* The Nawab of Carnatic (1690 till Date)

outheast Asia

* The Sultanate of Malacca
* The Sultanate of Johor
* The Sultanate of Kelantan
* The Sultanate of Terengganu
* The Sultanate of Perlis
* The Kedah Sultanate
* The Sultanate of Pahang
* The Sultanate of Perak
* The Sultanate of Negeri Sembilan
* The Sultanate of Selangor
* The Sulu Sultanate
* The Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat
* The Aceh Sultanate


#History of the Muslims Empires of Islam []
# [ All]

ee also

*Historical powers
*Timeline of Middle Eastern History
*Islamic Empire
*Muslim conquests
*Muslim history
*Global Empire

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