Greek mythology, was a son of Orestes and Hermione. He succeeded his father to the thrones of Argos, Mycenaeand Spartaand was later killed in the final battle with the Heracleidae. The latter were led by Aristodemus, Cresphontes, Oxylus, Temenusand sought to retake the Peloponneseas their ancestral land. Following his death the victors divided his lands among them. Cresphontes became King of Messene, Oxylusof Elisand Temenus of Argos. Aristodemus was killed during the final battle but his twin sons Eurysthenesand Proclesjointly received the throne of Sparta. The historical Kings of Spartabelonged to the co-ruling houses of Agidae and Eyripontae and claimed their respective descent from the brothers.
A second Tisamenus, the son of
Antiochus, is mentioned in book 9 of "The History" by Herodotus. This Tisamenus was a soothsayer for the Greek army during the Persian War. A Delphic oraclehad foretold that he would win five great battles, and so the Spartans wished to hire him. Although he was from Elea, he and his brother were made citizens of Spartaas part of the deal. They were the only foreign men this privilege had ever been bestowed upon.
Tisamenus is also the name of a king of Thebes, son of
Thersanderand Demonassa, the daughter of Amphiaraus. When Thersander died on Mysiain the Trojan War, Peneleusacted as regent for Tisamenus until he came of age. Little is known about his rule. He was succeeded by his son Autesion. [Pausanius. "Description of Greece", 9.5.15.]
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TISAMENUS — Peregrinus quidam et verberibus concisus, in comoedus traductus fuit. Vide Scholiast. in Aristophan. Acharn. 399. F. 2 … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Tisamenus (disambiguation) — Tisamenus is the name of several people in classical history and mythology: *Tisamenus, mythological king of Argos, and son of Orestes and Hermione *Tisamenus, a king of Thebes, son of Thersander and Demonassa *Tisamenus of Elea, an ancient Greek … Wikipedia
ТИСАМЕН — • Tisamĕnus, Τισαμενός, 1. сын Ореста и Гермионы, отец Комета, царь ахейский; при нем гераклиды вторглись в Пелопоннес, и он погиб в бою с ними. По приказанию оракула останки его были перенесены в из Гелики в Спарту; 2.… … Реальный словарь классических древностей
Orestes — For other uses, see Orestes (disambiguation). Orestes at Delphi flanked by Athena and Pylades among the Erinyes and priestesses of the oracle, perhaps including Pythia behind the tripod Paestan red figured bell krater, c. 330 BC In … Wikipedia
Tisamenvs — TISAMĔNVS, i, Gr. Τισαμενὸς, ου, (⇒ Tab. XXX.) des Orestes und der Hermione Sohn, folgete seinem Vater zu Lacedämon. Pausan. Corinth. c. 18. p. 117. Unter seiner Regierung kamen die Herakliden wieder nach dem Peloponnesus: er schlug sie aber doch … Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon
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Seven Against Thebes — Scene from the Seven against Thebes: Capaneus scales the city wall of Thebes, Campanian red figure amphora, ca. 340 BC, Getty Villa (92.AE.86) Written by … Wikipedia
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