- William Primrose
Primrose was born in
Glasgowand studied violinthere and, later, at the then Guildhall School of Musicin London. From there he moved to Belgiumto study under Eugène Ysaÿewho encouraged him to take up the viola instead. In 1930, he joined Warwick Evans, John Pennington, and Thomas Petre as the violist in the London String Quartet. The group dissolved in 1935. In 1937, he began playing in the NBC Symphony Orchestraunder Arturo Toscanini. When it was rumored that Toscanini would leave the Symphony in 1941, Primrose resigned. His career as a soloist took off when he started touring with Richard Crooks. He later signed with Arthur Judson, an influential concert manager. In 1946, he was the soloist in the first recording of Berlioz's " Harold in Italy".
In 1944 he had commissioned a viola concerto from
Béla Bartók. This was left incomplete at Bartók's death in 1945, and had to wait four years for its completion by Tibor Serly. Primrose was the soloist in the world premiere performance of the concerto, on 2 December 1949.
In 1953 he was made a Commander of the
Order of the British Empire(CBE) by Queen Elizabeth II.
Primrose was known for his tremendous technique. When he performed Paganini's violin caprices on viola,
Mischa Elmanis said to have exclaimed, "It must be easier on viola!" Primrose wrote many transcriptions and arrangements for viola, often technically dazzling, including "La Campanella" (from Paganini's second violin concerto) and the famous "Nocturne" from Borodin's second string quartet, the latter "out of jealousy" for the cello's long melodic lines.
Later in his life, Primrose became a noted teacher, writing several books on viola playing and teaching widely in
Japanand the USA, occasionally at the University of Southern California (with Jascha Heifetz), The Juilliard School, Eastman School of Music, Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, and the Curtis Institute of Music. In 1972, he published his memoirs, "A Walk on the North Side".
Primrose International Viola Competition, created in 1979 in honor of William Primrose, was the first international music competition for viola players.
Primrose played an
Amativiola, formerly owned by his father [ [http://www.cozio.com/Instrument.aspx?id=3489 Cozio.com page on Primrose's inherited Amati] ] . The ex-Primrose Amati is now owned by Roberto Díaz, who is currently the president of Curtis and recorded a CD of Primrose's transcriptions for Naxos Records. Prior to the recording, the viola was inspected and was found to have had adjustments of questionable workmanship, which were subsequently repaired. Primrose had noted that the viola had a wolf toneand did not project easily. He was also known to have owned and played on at least one viola by William Moennig Jr. of Philadelphia.
William Primrose died from
cancerin Provo, Utahon 1 May 1982. His large collection of annotated viola scores became the nucleus for the William Primrose International Viola Archive at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University. For his contribution to the recording industry, Primrose has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fameat 6801 Hollywood Blvd.
* [http://members.aol.com/abelard2/marian.htm A discussion of one of Primrose's greatest recordings]
* [http://magazine.byu.edu/?act=view&a=1335 An article on Primrose from BYU Magazine]
* [http://viola.byu.edu Primrose Archive at Brigham Young University]
last = Dalton
first = David
title = [http://music.lib.byu.edu/PIVA/WPbio.html Celebrating 100 Years: William Primrose's Life and Career]
journal = Journal of the American Viola Society
volume = Vol.20
issue = No.1
pages = pp.13–17
date = Spring 2004
accessdate = 2006-10-08
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Primrose — (* 23. August 1904 in Glasgow; † 1. Mai 1982 in Provo) war ein schottischer Bratschist und Bratschenpädagoge, er galt als einer der Pioniere dieses Instrumentes im 20. Jahrhundert. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Primrose — William Primrose. William Primrose, CBE (Glasgow, Escocia, 23 de agosto de 1904 Provo, Utah, 1 de mayo de 1982) es considerado por muchos el mejor violista de todos los tiempos. Fue alumno del legendario Eugène Ysaÿe antes de emprender una… … Wikipedia Español
William Primrose — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Primrose. William Primrose William Primrose est un altiste écossais né à Glasgow le 23 août 1904 et mort le 1er … Wikipédia en Français
PRIMROSE (W.) — PRIMROSE William 1903 1982 L’alto est l’un de ces instruments obscurs qui ne suscite aucun vedettariat parmi ses interprètes mais dont le rôle demeure essentiel dans toutes les formations de musique de chambre ou symphoniques. Rares sont les… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Primrose — may refer to:Communities* Primrose, Alaska * Primrose, Nebraska * Primrose, Rhode Island * Primrose, WisconsinPeople* William Primrose, a violist * Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery * Earl of Rosebery * Laird of Burnbrae * Primrose (singer),… … Wikipedia
Primrose — (englisch für Primel) ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Primrose (Alaska) Primrose (Iowa) Primrose (Nebraska) Primrose (Rhode Island) Primrose (Texas) Primrose (Wisconsin) Primrose Township (Steele County, North Dakota)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Nombre 1.1 Personajes 1.2 Desambiguaciones de nombre y apellido 2 Véase también … Wikipedia Español
Primrose Baronets — There have been three Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Primrose, two in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.The Primrose Baronetcy, of Carrington in the County of Selkirk, was created in… … Wikipedia
Primrose International Viola Competition — The Primrose International Viola Competition , also referred to as the Primrose Memorial Scholarship Competition , is an international music competition for viola players named for the 20th century virtuoso William Primrose.HistoryInternational… … Wikipedia
Primrose — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Primrose peut désigner : Patronymes Archibald Primrose, homme d état britannique William Primrose, musicien écossais Frederick Primrose Whitman,… … Wikipédia en Français