1974 British Commonwealth Games
10th British Commonwealth Games Host city Christchurch, New Zealand Nations participating 38 Athletes participating 1276 Events 121 events in 10 sports Opening ceremony 24 January Closing ceremony 2 February Officially opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Main Stadium QEII Park
The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand from 24 January to 2 February 1974. The bid vote was held in Edinburgh at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games. The Games were officially named "the friendly games". There were 1,276 competitors and 372 officials, according to the official history, and public attendance was excellent. The main venue was the QEII Park, purpose built for this event and one of the most modern in the world when finished. The Athletics Stadium and fully covered Olympic standard pool, diving tank, and practise pools were all on the one site. The theme song was "Join Together", sung by Steven Allen. The 1974 Christchurch Games still eclipeses Auckland's 1990 games in the New Zealand mindset as the nation's favorite international multi-sport hosted event. Even more so now that the popular QEII Park was severely damaged beyond viable repair by a devastating earthquake that destroyed much of the city in February 2011.
1974 Commonwealth Games Bidding Results City Round 1 Christchurch 36 Melbourne 2
- 1 Security
- 2 Logo
- 3 Television
- 4 Royal Family
- 5 Opening Ceremony
- 6 Precedents Set
- 7 Economic aspects
- 8 Medals by country
- 9 Medals by event
- 10 Footnotes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Games were the first large international athletic event after the murder of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. The Athletes Village, the Student accommodation of Canterbury University, was temporarily fenced in and guarded for the duration of the games. Official vehicles and persons were only allowed into sensitive areas around the venues.
The Games were also an important milestone in New Zealand television, marking the introduction of colour television. Unfortunately, due to the NZBC's limited colour facilities, only athletics, swimming, and boxing could be broadcast in colour. Meanwhile paralleling the Television coverage, the National Film Unit produced a fine documented history of the Christchurch games (and the many events) in full colour. This has since been restored and is available on DVD.
The Games were the last time that the entire immediate British Royal Family (Elizabeth II, her husband and children) visited New Zealand as a group. The Royal Yacht "HMY Britannia" was the royal residence during the games.
The opening ceremony was held in the mid afternoon, with Prince Phillip as the attending royal. A fanfare announced the guard of honour by the New Zealand Defence Forces, inspected by His Royal Highness. This was followed by the raising of flags of the past, present, and future hosts. God Save the Queen was sung. The field was then invaded by 2500 school children in red, white and blue rain slicks all forming in the centre to create the NZ74 symbol. A Māori concert group then performed action songs and a haka, before the teams march past. The athletes then took the oath and Sylvia Potts, the runner who fell mere meters from a gold medal finish in the 1970 Commonwealth Games, entered the stadium with the Queen's Baton. It was presented to Prince Phillip who read the message from the Queen declaring the 1974 Christchurch 10th British Commonwealth Games open. The Commonwealth flag was then marched in and hauled up with a 21 gun salute.
While the Opening Ceremony was a regimented and very formal affair, the late afternoon closing ceremony was anything but. This set a precedent for other closing ceremonies since then. With the formalities out of the way, the handing over of the flag to representatives of Edmonton, Canada, the athletes broke ranks and ran amok, much to the delight of the packed stadium and the Queen herself. A flypast of the then Red Checkers RNZAF display team brought the ceremony to a close as the Queen and Prince Philip did a lap of honour around the stadium and departed.
Christchurch was (and still is) the smallest city to host the modern televised Commonwealth Games. This was the first games that tried using the "Olympic" look with a standard colour scheme for facilities, passes, flags, stationary, and above all uniforms (which wearers only borrowed, but could buy outright as a memento thus helping keep costs down).
This was also the first time a city had asked the Games Federation to allow commercial advertising. This was voted down as the Federation feared advertising by big corporations would remove focus away from the amateur ethos of the Games. As no commercial hoardings were allowed, Christchurch got around this with the use of "sponsorship". One example being General Motors providing a lease fleet of Holden HQ sedans that would be sold off after the games. Air New Zealand allowed large NZ74 symbols to be placed on the fuselage sides of the airline's brand new McDonnell Douglas DC-10s, giving free advertising around the world. This in itself set a trend since with airlines vying to be "official airline" of a particular event.
Although the Games themselves were a success, making a then sizable profit of $500,000, the "sponsorship" wasn't anywhere near enough.The City of Christchurch was left with a financial facilities management debt (QEII Park) of what would be in today's (2008) amount of NZ$100million. This deterred the city from hosting major events until 1990 when the government stepped in with lotteries funding to clear the remaining debt. By then, Auckland's 1990 games were fully commercialised.
Medals by country
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total 1 Australia 29 28 25 82 2 England 28 31 21 80 3 Canada 25 19 18 62 4 New Zealand 9 8 18 35 5 Kenya 7 2 9 18 6 India 4 8 3 15 7 Scotland 3 5 11 19 8 Nigeria 3 3 4 10 9 Northern Ireland 3 1 2 6 10 Uganda 2 4 3 9 11 Jamaica 2 1 0 3 12 Wales 1 5 4 10 13 Ghana 1 3 5 9 14 Zambia 1 1 1 3 15 Malaysia 1 0 3 4 16 Tanzania 1 0 1 2 17 Saint Vincent 1 0 0 1 18 Trinidad and Tobago 0 1 1 2 Western Samoa 0 1 1 2* 20 Singapore 0 0 1 1 Swaziland 0 0 1 1* Total 121 121 132 374
- * = First medal in the British Commonwealth Games.
Medals by event
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men's Singles Men Punch Gunalan Jamie Paulson Derek Talbot Men's Doubles Men Elliot Stuart & Derek Talbot Ray Stevens & Mike Tredgett Punch Gunalan & Dominic Song Chok Soon Women's Singles Women Gillian Gilks (Perrin) Margaret Beck Sylvia Meow Eng Ng Women's Doubles Women Margaret Beck & Gillian Gilks (Perrin) Margaret Boxall & Sue Whetnall Rosalind Singha Ang & Sylvia Meow Eng Ng Mixed Doubles Mixed Derek Talbot & Gillian Gilks (Perrin) Paul Whetnall & Nora Gardner Elliot Stuart & Sue Whetnall
Event Gold Silver Bronze Singles Men David Bryant Clive White Willie Wood Pairs Men John Christie & Alex McIntosh John Evans & Peter Line Bob McDonald & Phil Skoglund Fours Men David Baldwin, Kerry Clark, Gordon Jolly and John Somerville Australia Scotland
Event Gold Silver Bronze Light Flyweight Men Stephen Muchoki James Odwori Syed Kadir John Bambrick Flyweight Men Davy Larmour Chandra Narayanan Saliu Ishola John Byaruhanga Bantamweight Men Patrick Cowdell Ali Rojo Newton Chisanga Isaac Maina Featherweight Men Edward Ndukwu Shadrack Odhiambo Dale Andersen Samuel Mbugua Lightweight Men Ayub Kalule Kayin Amah Muniswami Venu Robert Colley Light Welterweight Men Obisia Nwankpa Anthony Martey Philip Mathenge James Douglas Welterweight Men Mohamed Muruli Errol McKenzie John Rodgers Steve Cooney Light Middleweight Men Lottie Mwale Alex Harrison Lance Revill Robert Davies Middleweight Men Frankie Lucas Julius Luipa Carl Speare Leslie Rackley Light Heavyweight Men Billy Knight William Byrne Gordon Ferris Isaac Ikhouria Heavyweight Men Neville Meade Fatai Ayinla Benson Masanda Vai Samu
Event Gold Silver Bronze Time Trial Men Dick Paris 00:01:12 John Nicholson 00:01:12 Ian Hallam 00:01:12 Sprint Men John Nicholson Xavier Mirander Ian Atherly Individual Pursuit Men Ian Hallam 00:05:05 Willi Moore 00:05:12 Gary Sutton 00:05:09 Team Pursuit Men Mick Bennett, Richard Evans, Ian Hallam & Willi Moore 00:04:41 Murray Hall, Kevin Nichols, Garry Reardon & Gary Sutton 00:04:49 Paul Brydon, René Hyde, Russell Nant & Blair Stockwell overtook 10 Miles Scratch Men Steve Heffernan 00:20:51 Murray Hall 00:20:52 Ian Hallam 00:20:52 Tandem Men Geoffrey Cooke & Ernest Crutchlow 10.74 John Rush & Danny O'Neill Paul Medhurst & Philip Harland
Event Gold Silver Bronze Road Race Men Clyde Sefton 05:07:17 Phil Griffiths 05:07:46 Remo Sansonetti 05:17:27
Event Gold Silver Bronze Free Pistol Men/Open Jules Sobrian 549 Norman Harrison 549 Laslo Antal 543 Rapid-Fire Pistol Men/Open William Hare 586 Jules Sobrian 583 Bruce McMillan 581
Event Gold Silver Bronze Small Bore Rifle Men/Open Yvonne Gowland 594 Bill Watkins 591 Alister Allan 591 Full Bore Rifle Men/Open Maurice Gordon 387.26 Colin McEachran 386.27 James Spaight 383.35
Event Gold Silver Bronze Trap Men/Open John Primrose 196 Brian Bailey 193 Philip Lewis 191 Skeet Men/Open Harry Willsie 194 Joe Neville 191 Robin Bailey 189
Event Gold Silver Bronze 100 Metres Freestyle Men Mike Wenden 52.73 Bruce Robertson 53.78 Brian Phillips 54.11 200 Metres Freestyle Men Steve Badger 00:01:57 Bruce Robertson 00:01:57 Mike Wenden 00:01:58 400 Metres Freestyle Men John Kulasalu 00:04:01 Brad Cooper 00:04:02 Steve Badger 00:04:04 1500 Metres Freestyle Men Steve Holland 00:15:35 Mark Treffers 00:16:00 Steve Badger 00:16:22 100 Metres Backstroke Men Mark Tonelli 59.65 Steve Pickell 59.88 Brad Cooper 00:01:00 200 Metres Backstroke Men Brad Cooper 00:02:06 Mark Tonelli 00:02:09 Robert Williams 00:02:10 100 Metres Breaststroke Men David Leigh 00:01:07 David Wilkie 00:01:07 Paul Naisby 00:01:09 200 Metres Breaststroke Men David Wilkie 00:02:24 David Leigh 00:02:25 Paul Naisby 00:02:27 100 Metres Butterfly Men Neil Rogers 56.58 Byron MacDonald 56.83 Bruce Robertson 56.84 200 Metres Butterfly Men Brian Brinkley 00:02:05 Ross Seymour 00:02:07 John Coutts 00:02:07 200 Metres Individual Medley Men David Wilkie 00:02:10 Brian Brinkley 00:02:13 Gary MacDonald 00:02:13 400 Metres Individual Medley Men Mark Treffers 00:04:36 Brian Brinkley 00:04:41 Ray Terrell 00:04:43 4 × 100 Metres Freestyle Relay Men Canada 00:03:34 Australia 00:03:34 England 00:03:38 4 × 200 Metres Freestyle Relay Men Australia 00:07:50 England 00:07:53 Canada 00:07:53 4 × 100 Metres Medley Relay Men Canada 00:03:53 Australia 00:03:56 England 00:04:00
Event Gold Silver Bronze 3 Metres Springboard Diving Men Don Wagstaff 531.54 Scott Cranham 509.61 Trevor Simpson 489.69 10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving Men Don Wagstaff 490.74 Andrew Jackomos 472.47 Scott Cranham 460.98
Event Gold Silver Bronze 100 Metres Freestyle Women Sonya Gray 59.13 Gail Amundrud 59.36 Judy Wright 59.46 200 Metres Freestyle Women Sonya Gray 00:02:04 Jenny Turrall 00:02:07 Gail Amundrud 00:02:07 400 Metres Freestyle Women Jenny Turrall 00:04:22 Wendy Quirk 00:04:23 Jaynie Parkhouse 00:04:23 800 Metres Freestyle Women Jaynie Parkhouse 00:08:58 Jenny Turrall 00:08:59 Rosemary Milgate 00:08:59 100 Metres Backstroke Women Wendy Cook 00:01:06 Donna Gurr 00:01:07 Linda Young 00:01:08 200 Metres Backstroke Women Wendy Cook 00:02:20 Sandra Yost 00:02:22 Donna Gurr 00:02:24 100 Metres Breaststroke Women Christine Gaskell 00:01:16 Marion Stuart 00:01:17 Sandra Dickie 00:01:17 200 Metres Breaststroke Women Pat Beavan 00:02:43 Beverley Whitfield 00:02:44 Allison Smith 00:02:45 100 Metres Butterfly Women Patti Stenhouse 00:01:05 Kim Wickham 00:01:06 Sandra Yost 00:01:06 200 Metres Butterfly Women Sandra Yost 00:02:21 Patti Stenhouse 00:02:21 Gail Neall 00:02:22 200 Metres Individual Medley Women Leslie Cliff 00:02:24 Becky Smith 00:02:25 Susan Hunter 00:02:26 400 Metres Individual Medley Women Leslie Cliff 00:05:01 Becky Smith 00:05:04 Susan Hunter 00:05:07 4 × 100 Metres Freestyle Relay Women Canada 00:03:57 Australia 00:04:02 England 00:04:06 4 × 100 Metres Medley Relay Women Canada 00:04:25 Australia 00:04:31 Scotland 00:04:32
Event Gold Silver Bronze 3 Metres Springboard Diving Women Cindy Shatto 430.88 Beverley Boys 426.93 Teri York 413.83 10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving Women Beverley Boys 361.95 Beverley Williams 352.14 Madeleine Barnett 339.3
Event Gold Silver Bronze Flyweight - Overall Men Precious McKenzie (ENG) 215 Anil Mondal (IND) 200 John McNiven (SCO) 192.5 Bantamweight - Overall Men Michael Adams (AUS) 222.5 Yves Carignan (CAN) 212.5 Shanmug Velliswamy (IND) 212.5 Featherweight - Overall Men George Vasiliades (AUS) 237.5 Gerald Hay (AUS) 235 Brian Duffy (NZL) 232.5 Lightweight - Overall Men George Newton (ENG) 260 Ieuan Owen (WAL) 255 Bruce Cameron (NZL) 252.5 Middleweight - Overall Men Tony Ebert (NZL) 275 Stanley Bailey (TRI) 275 Robert Wrench (WAL) 270 Light Heavyweight - Overall Men Tony Ford (ENG) 302.5 Paul Wallwork (SAM) 300 Mike Pearman (ENG) 292.5 Middle Heavyweight - Overall Men Nicolo Ciancio (AUS) 330 Brian Marsden (NZL) 315 Steve Wyatt (AUS) 310 Heavyweight - Overall Men Russ Prior (CAN) 352.5 John Bolton (NZL) 340 John Barrett (NZL) 320 Super Heavyweight - Overall Men Graham May (NZL) 342.5 Andy Kerr (ENG) 337.5 Terry Perdue (WAL) 330
Event Gold Silver Bronze Light Flyweight Men Mitchell Kawasaki (CAN) Wally Koenig (AUS) Radhey Shyam (IND) Flyweight Men Sudesh Kumar (IND) Gordon Bertie (CAN) John Navie (AUS) Bantamweight Men Prem Nath (IND) Amrik Singh (ENG) Kevin Burke (AUS) Featherweight Men Egon Beiler (CAN) Shivaji Chingle (IND) Ray Brown (AUS) Lightweight Men Jagrup Singh (IND) Joe Gilligan (ENG) Stephen Martin (CAN) Welterweight Men Raghunath Pawar (IND) Tony Shacklady (ENG) Gordon Mackay (NZL) Middleweight Men Dave Aspin (NZL) Satpal Singh (IND) Taras Hryb (CAN) Light Heavyweight Men Terry Paice (CAN) Netra Pal Singh (IND) Maurice Allan (SCO) Heavyweight Men Claude Pilon (CAN) Dadu Chaugule (IND) Ian Duncan (SCO) Super Heavyweight Men Bill Benko (CAN) Bishwanath Singh (IND) Gary Knight (NZL)
Official History of the Xth British Commonwealth Games edited by A. R. Cant (2004, Christchurch)
- Commonwealth Games Official Site
- 1974 Games on Australian Commonwealth Games official website
- Games 74 - a full length documentary film of the 1974 Commonwealth Games in Christchurch on NZ On Screen
Commonwealth Games British Empire Games British Empire and Commonwealth Games British Commonwealth Games1970 · 1974 Commonwealth Games
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